Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Sobriety – संयम
Meaning – the state of being sober.
Synonyms – soberness, clear-headedness; abstinence, teetotalism, non-indulgence; abstemiousness, temperance, moderation, moderateness.
Usage – “the price of beer compelled me to maintain a certain level of sobriety.
2. Berate – गाली देना
Meaning – scold or criticize (someone) angrily.
Synonyms – rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reprove, admonish, remonstrate with, chastise, chide, upbraid, take to task, pull up, castigate, lambaste, read someone the Riot Act, give someone a piece of one’s mind, go on at, haul over the coals, criticize, censure; informaltell off, give someone a talking-to, give someone a telling-off, dress down, give someone a dressing-down, give someone an earful, give someone a roasting, give someone a rocket, give someone a rollicking.
Usage – she berated herself for being fickle.
3. Bereave – वंचित करना
Meaning – be deprived of a close relation or friend through their death.
Synonyms – deprive, dispossess, rob, divest, strip.
Usage – she had recently been bereaved.
4. Hedge – बाड़ा
Meaning – a fence or boundary formed by closely growing bushes or shrubs.
Synonyms – hedgerow, row of bushes, fence; windbreak, barrier, barricade, boundary.
Usage – houses concealed behind high hedges.
5. Spur – प्रेरणा
Meaning – a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive.
Synonyms – stimulus, incentive, encouragement, stimulant, stimulation, inducement, impetus, prod, prompt; incitement, goad; fillip; motive, motivation.
Usage – wars act as a spur to practical invention.
6. Strenuous – ज़ोरदार
Meaning – requiring or using great effort or exertion.
Synonyms – arduous, difficult, hard, tough, taxing, demanding, exacting, uphill, stiff, formidable, heavy, exhausting, tiring, fatiguing, gruelling, back-breaking, murderous, punishing.
Usage – the government made strenuous efforts to upgrade the quality of the teaching profession.
7. Deed – कर्म
Meaning – an action that is performed intentionally or consciously.
Synonyms – act, action, activity; feat, exploit, performance, achievement, accomplishment, attainment, endeavour, effort; undertaking, enterprise.
Usage – tales of knightly deeds.
8. Truant – अनुपस्थित रहने
Meaning – a pupil who stays away from school without leave or explanation.
Synonyms – absentee, non-attender; informalskiver; informalwag.
9. Wilt – मुरझाना
Meaning – (of a plant, leaf, or flower) become limp through heat, loss of water, or disease; droop.
Synonyms – droop, sag, become limp, become flaccid, flop; wither, shrivel.
Usage – the roses had begun to wilt.
10. Putrid – सड़ा हुआ
Meaning – (of organic matter) decaying or rotting and emitting a fetid smell.
Synonyms – decomposing, decomposed, decaying, decayed, rotting, rotten, bad, off, putrefied, putrescent, rancid, mouldy, spoilt; foul, fetid, stinking, rank; rareputrefacient, putrefactive, olid.
Usage – a butcher who sold putrid meat.