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Over the last few weeks, media around the world have been (1) with stories about how technology is destroying politics. In (2) like China, the fear is of ultra-empowered Big Brother states, like that in George Orwell’s 1984. In democracies like the United States, the (3) is that tech companies will continue to (4) political and social (5) by facilitating the spread of disinformation and creating ideological “filter bubbles,” leading to something (6) Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World.
In fact, by bringing about a (7) between democracy and dictatorship, new technologies render both of these dystopian visions impossible. But that doesn’t mean that there is nothing to fear.
Much of the coverage of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) focused on President Xi Jinping’s (8) of power. He is, observers warn, creating an information-age (9) , in which the technologies that were once expected to bring freedom to China’s 1.4 billion citizens have instead enabled him to entrench his own authority. By providing the government with highly detailed information on the needs, feelings, and aspirations of ordinary Chinese, the Internet allows China’s leaders to preempt discontent. In other words, they now use Big Data, rather than (10) force, to ensure stability.
- 1) biddable2) saturated
5) soakedAnswer – 2)
Explanation: saturated – holding as much water or moisture as can be absorbed; thoroughly soaked.
- 1) docile2) creature
5) soppingAnswer – 4)
Explanation: autocracies – a system of government by one person with absolute power.
- 1) placid2) wringing
5) impassibilityAnswer – 3)
Explanation: concern – relate to; be about.
- 1) emancipation
5) exacerbateAnswer – 5)
Explanation: exacerbate – make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
- 1) genial2) polarization
5) alleviationAnswer – 2)
Explanation: polarization – division into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs.
- 1) cultivated2) resembling
5) amenityAnswer – 2)
Explanation: resembling – have a similar appearance to or qualities in common with (someone or something); look or seem like.
- 1) meek2) coziness
5) curiosityAnswer – 4)
Explanation: convergence – the process or state of converging.
- 1) indifference
5) consolidationAnswer – 5)
Explanation: consolidation – the action or process of making something stronger or more solid.
- 1) lenient
5) contentmentAnswer – 2)
Explanation: dictatorship – government by a dictator.
- 1) pacific2) gratification
5) bruteAnswer – 5)
Explanation: brute – a savagely violent man or animal.