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Current Affairs Today – April 3 2017

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Current Affairs April 3 2017

INDIAN AFFAIRS

Finance Bill gets presidential assent, takes effect from April 1
i. On 31st March 2017, President Pranab Mukherjee gave his assent to the Finance Bill 2017. Thus, all financial and taxation related provisions as announced in Budget 2017 have now attained a legal status.
ii. Limiting cash transactions to 2 lakh. This cap is at par with requirement to quote PAN number on cash spending. Violation of this rule will result in a penalty of equal amount, to be borne by the recipient.
iii. Biometric identifier Aadhaar has been made mandatory for filing income tax returns, effective from 1st July 2017.

President three day Visits to West Bengal, Jharkhand and Bihar
i. President of India Mr. Pranab Mukherjee is on an official visit to West Bengal, Jharkhand and Bihar from 1st – 3rd April 2017.
ii. 1st April 2017 – Kolkata, West Bengal: President was the Chief Guest at 52nd Annual Convocation of Indian Institute of Management (IIM) – Calcutta.
iii. 2nd April 2017 – Jharkhand: In the capital city Ranchi, President laid foundation stone of Rabindra Bhawan and Haj House.President three day Visits to West Bengal, Jharkhand and Bihar
iv. Other functions and ceremonies attended by President in Jharkhand included: Inauguration of 44 Kms Deoghar – Basukinath Solar Street Light Project, laying foundation stone of Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) Centre and Employees State Insurance Corporation Hospital
v. 3rd April 2017 – Bihar: President will conclude his three-day tour by visiting Vikramshila University Monument, Museum at Vikramshila, Shyama Charan Lahiri Peeth and Gurudham-Bounsi in Bihar.

Centre sanctions Rs. 98 crore for tourism sector development in Assam
i. Union Ministry of Tourism has sanctioned Rs 98.35 crores for tourism development in Assam.
ii. The information was announced by Union Minister of State for Tourism and Culture Dr. Mahesh Sarma while meeting Assam chief minister Sarbananda Sonowal.
iii. The amount sanctioned will be used under the scheme of Swadesh Darshan. The cities to be developed are Tezpur, Majuli and Sivasagar.
iv. The first installment of Rs. 19.67 crores against the sanctioned amount was released by the Central government on March 31, 2017.
v. The Tourism Ministry has also decided to transfer the rights of Brahmaputra Ashok Hotel which presently managed by Indian Tourism Development Corporation (ITDC) to Government of Assam.
vi. In addition, The Tourism Ministry has decided to work collectively to enlist Majuli in the coveted list of World Heritage Site.
Assam
♦ Capital: Dispur with 33 districts.
♦ Chief Minister: Sarbananda Sonowal.
♦ Governor: Banwarilal Purohit.

First bio-gas bus with flat Re 1 fare inaugurated in Kolkata
i. Phoenix India Research and Development Group in Kolkata has designed a bus that will run on biogas produced from cow dung.
ii. The company has tied-up with Ashok Leyland to manufacture the 54-seater bus at a cost of Rs 13 lakh approximately.
iii. The first bus will be flagged off on April 7, 2017 and will run between Ultadanga in the First bio-gas bus with flat Re 1 fare inaugurated in Kolkatanorth and Garia in the south in Kolkata.
iv. The ticket will be charged Re 1 for the 17.5 km stretch, which will be the cheapest mode of transport for a passenger in the country.
v. Until today, the lowest fare in a Kolkata bus is Rs 6, which goes up to Rs 12 for 17 km ride.The company has planned to launch 15 more buses on different routes in the city with the same base fare.
vi. The company has got the permission to set up 100 fuel pumps in India. The first pump will come up at Ultadanga.
About Biogas
♦ Biogas is produced from animal and plant waste and principally consists of methane.
♦ It is a non-toxic colorless flammable gas that can be used as fuel for vehicles, cooking and generating electricity.
♦ The biogas produced costs Rs 20 per kg. The bus can run 5 km on 1 kg of Biogas.

Uttarakhand hosts 19th commonwealth forestry conference
i. The 19th Commonwealth Forestry Conference (CFC), 2017 begins at Forest Research Institute (FRI) in Dehradun, Uttarakhand on April 3, 2017.
ii. The conference is inaugurated by Uttarakhand Governor Dr. K.K. Paul at Dehradun.The 5 day conference is conducted on a theme Forests for Prosperity and Posterity.
iii. The members from 49 Commonwealth countries will be present at the conference.
iv. The conference is organized by Union Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change in coordination with the Commonwealth Forestry Association of United Kingdom.
v. The main topics to be discussed in the conference are about issues affecting climate change and green cover.
vi. The 18th commonwealth forestry conference was held at Edinburgh, Scotland on June 28, 2010.
Uttarakhand
♦ Capital: Dehradun with 13 districts.
♦ Chief Minister: Trivendra Singh Rawat.
♦ Governor: Krishan Kant Paul

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Mega-conference of World Parliamentarians hosted by Bangladesh
i. The 136th Mega-Conference of World Parliamentarians has begun in Dhaka on April 1, 2017.The conference was inaugurated by Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina. She will also release a commemorative postage stamp and launch Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) web television.
ii. The main focus of this conference was to provide ways and means to end political and economic inequality for upholding democracy and human rights.Mega-conference of World Parliamentarians hosted by Bangladesh
iii. The mega-conference was organized by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and Bangladesh Jatiya Sangsad.
iv. About 1,348 delegates from 131 national parliaments were expected to participate in the conference. The participants include 45 Speakers, 37 Deputy Speakers and more than 200 women MPs, are expected to make their proposals.
v. Nobel Peace Prize laureate Kailash Satyarthi was the keynote speaker during the opening session of the debates held on April 2, 2017.
vi. The 137th conference is to be held at St. Petersburg, Russia on 14-18 October 2017.
About Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
♦ Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) is a global inter-parliamentary institution established in 1889 by Frederic Passy form France and William Randal Cremer from United Kingdom.
♦ Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland.
♦ President: Saber Hossain Chowdhury.

BANKING & FINANCE

Reserve Bank of India (RBI) set up separate Enforcement Department
i. Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance, Mr. Santosh Kumar Gangwar informed Lok Sabha that Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is planning to set up a separate in-house Enforcement Department which will be operational from 3rd April 2017.
ii. This Department will be responsible for framing broad policy related to enforcement and take action against registered entities that violate it. It will function as centralised department to deal with banks exclusively for enforcement action such as issuing warning or imposing penalty.

Tax Evasion over Rs 5 crore is a non-bailable offence under GST Regime.
i. The Central government has decided to make tax evasion of over Rs 5 crore under the proposed Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime as a non-bailable offence.
ii. Earlier, the tax evasion of over Rs 2.5 crore was proposed by the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime.
iii. This was mentioned in the Central GST (CGST) Bill as, “if the offences relating to taxable TAXgoods and/or services where the amount of tax evaded exceeds Rs 5 crore, it shall be treated as cognizable and non-bailable”.
iv. Cognizable offence – A serious category of offences in respect of which a police officer has the authority to make an arrest without a warrant and to start an investigation with or without the permission of a court.
v. The Deputy (or) Assistant Commissioner of CGST and SGST has the power to provide bail to the person arrested under tax evasions.
Goods and Services Tax
♦ Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a system of indirect taxation in India.It merges most of the existing taxes into single system of taxation.
♦ The GST is administered and governed by GST Council and its Chairman is Union Finance Minister of India Arun Jaitley.
♦ It is expected to be rolled out on July 1, 2017.GST was first proposed by Vishwanath Pratap Singh in 1986.

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

NIRF 2017 Ranking announced by HRD Ministry – topped by IISc Bangalore
Union Human Resource Development Minister Mr. Prakash Javadekar announced ‘India Ranking 2017’ based on National Institutional Ranking Framework.
Toppers of India Rankings 2017 (NIRF 2017):

Category College/Institute/University
Overall Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Management Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad
Universities Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
Colleges Miranda House (Delhi)
Pharmacy Jamia Hamdard (Delhi)

Dawit Isaak to receive UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize, 2017
i. Dawit Isaak, an imprisoned Eritrean-Swedish journalist has been chosen for the UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize 2017 dedicated to promoting press freedom. The award is to be presented on May 3, 2017.
ii. Dawit Isaak is a Swedish-Eritrean playwright, journalist and writer, born on October 28, 1964 in Asmara, Ethiopian Empire.
iii. In 2016 it was won by Khadija Ismayilova of Azerbaijan.

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

Tapan Singhel re-appointed Bajaj Allianz General CEO for five years
i. Tapan Singhel has been re-appointed as MD and CEO for Bajaj Allianz General Insurance for a period of five years from April 1, 2017 to April 1, 2022.
ii. Other Appointment :
Tarun Chugh has been appointed as MD and CEO of Bajaj Allianz Life Insurance. He replaced Anuj Agarwal Who moving to  Allianz group
Bajaj Allianz General Insurance :
♦ It is a joint venture company of Bajaj Group of India and Allianz SE, a European financial services company.
♦ Headquarters: Pune

Vipul takes charge as New Consul General of Dubai.
i. Diplomat Vipul, a 1998 batch Indian Foreign Service (IFS) officer succeeded Anurag Bhushan and took charge as the new Consul General of Dubai on April 2, 2017.
ii. Before joining the Consulate at Dubai, he was working at the office of External Affairs Minister of India, Sushma Swaraj.
iii. He had also served at the India’s diplomatic missions in Sri Lanka and Egypt to bring peace among two nations.
iv. He also has good command over the Arabic language.
United Arab Emirates
♦ Capital: Abu Dhabi.
♦ Currency: UAE dirham.
♦ Prime Minister: Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.

Lenin Moreno to sworn in as the Ecuador President
i. Ruling Party of Ecuador, Alianza PAIS candidate Lenin Moreno won the Ecuador’s presidential election held on April 3, 2017.
ii. He defeated conservative former banker Guillermo Lasso who demands a recount after three exit polls.
iii. Lenin Moreno was nominated as Presidential candidate by former President Rafael Correa.Lenin Moreno to sworn in as the Ecuador President
iv. Out of 94 percent of voting acts counted, the National Electoral Council declared Moreno has defeated Lasso by 51 percent to 49 percent.
Republic of Ecuador
♦ Capital: Quito.
♦ Currency: United States Dollar.
♦ President: Lenin Moreno succeeds Rafael Correa.

New Chief Justice of Madras High Court – Indira Banerjee
i. Indira Banerjee, former judge of the Delhi High Court has been appointed as the Chief Justice of Madras High Court. The appointment was made by the President of India Shri. Pranab Mukherjee.
ii. She will sworn in as Chief Justice on April 5, 2017 after taking oath of office from Tamil Nadu governor (in charge) Vidyasagar Rao.
iii. Indira Banerjee will succeed Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul, who was elected to the Supreme Court on February 18, 2017.
iv. Banerjee would be the second woman next to Justice Kanta Kumari Bhatnagar who was the Chief Justice from June to November in 1992 to head the charted court.
About Indira Banerjee
♦ Indira Banerjee was born on September 24, 1957 in Calcutta.
♦ She started her career as an advocate in 1985 at Calcutta High Court.
♦ Then, she was appointed as permanent judge of the Calcutta High Court on February 5, 2002.
♦ She had sworn in as justice in Delhi High Court on August 8, 2016.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

A Massive Extra-solar planet discovered using X-ray observations
i. A group of scientist from India has discovered indications of a massive planet orbiting a low mass X-ray binary star system.
ii. The planet was discovered by scientists from Raman Research Institute, Bangalore A Massive Extra-solar planet discovered using X-ray observationsand University of Delhi. The results of the discovery have been published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
iii. The X-ray binary star system is named as MXB 1658-298.
iv. These scientists used a technique called X-ray observations which is a new way of detecting extra-solar planet (Exo-planet).
v. It is explained that the system is nearly 30000 light years away and the planet is expected to be nearly 8000 times as massive as the earth.
About X-ray binary star system
♦ X-ray binary star system consists of a pair of stars orbiting each other.Out of this, one star is compact called a neutron star.
♦ The neutron star draws matter from its less-massive companion star.X-rays are generated when the masses are drawn, which is detected by detectors placed in satellites in space.
About extra-solar planet (Exo-planet)
♦ The extra-solar planet (Exo-planet) is a planet that orbits a star other than the Sun.The first ever Exo-planet was discovered in 1988 and confirmed in 1992.
♦ Totally, 3607 exo-planets discovered in 2701 planetary systems and 610 multiple planetary systems are confirmed.
♦ The least massive Exo-planet is Draugr and most massive Exo-planet is DENIS-P J082303.

SPORTS

Miami Open 2017 – An Overview
The 33rd edition of 2017 Miami Open presented by Itaú was a professional men and women’s tennis tournament being played on outdoor hard courts which took place from March 20, 2017 to April 2, 2017. All men and women events took place at the Tennis Center at Crandon Park, Florida in USA.

S.NO CATEGORY WINNER’s RUNNER’s
1 Men’s single Roger Federer(Switzerland) Rafael Nadal (Spain)
2 Women’s single Johanna Konta (Great Britain) Caroline Wozniacki (Denmark)
3 Men’s doubles Łukasz Kubot (Poland)/ Marcelo Melo (Brazil) Nicholas Monroe (USA)/Jack Sock (USA)
4 Women’s doubles Gabriela Dabrowski (Canada) /Xu Yifan (china) Sania Mirza (India)/Barbora Strýcová (Czech Republic)

Women’s singles champion of India Super Series tournament won by P V Sindhu
i. Rio Olympics silver medalist P V Sindhu won championship in India Super Series tournament on April 2, 2017.
ii. She defeated the Olympic champion Carolina Marin from Spain in straight sets 21-19, 21-16.
iii. The game took place at Siri Fort Indoor Stadium, New Delhi. This was her 2nd Super-series title win.
iv. The men’s championship title was won by Viktor Axelsen from Denmark. He defeated Chou Tien-Chen from Taiwan.
Sindhu’s title race
Sindhu won the title after defeating the following players
1.Round 1 – A Pantawane from India.
2.Round 2 – S Kawakami from Japan.
3.Quarterfinals – Saina Nehwal from India.
4.Semifinals – Sung Ji-hyun from Korea.
5.Finals – Carolina Marin from Spain.
About P V Sindhu
♦ Pusarla Venkata Sindhu was born on 5 July 1995 in Hyderabad.
♦ She won her first International title in Indonesia International, 2011 with total of 9 titles.
♦ She is currently ranked 5th in BWF World Ranking.
♦ Currently coached by Pullela Gopichand.

OBITUARY

Ajey Jhankar – The Noted Scriptwriter passed away
i. Ajey Jhankar, the noted author and filmmaker passed away on April 3, 2017. He was born on September 1, 1959 in Pune.
ii. He served as a Director of MM Activ Sci-Tech Communications Pvt. Ltd from January 2000.He was the writer of Marathi novel “Sarkarnama“.
iii. In 1998, Jhankar produced the Marathi movie in the name Sarkarnama relating it to his novel.
iv. He also contributed much for marketing and film industry.Hollywood movie Singularity was based on his novel Drohparv. Jhankar was the co-screenwriter for that film
Awards won by film Sarkarnama
♦ Film-fare Award, 1998, Screen Award, 1998 and Maharashtra State Film Award, 1998.

Pop art pioneer James Rosenquist dies at 83
i. Artist James Rosenquist who well known for his pop art movement works, has died in Pop art pioneer James Rosenquist dies at 83New York, USA . He was 83.
ii. In 1960s, Rosenquist has worked with Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein developed a powerful graphic style.
iii. His best-known work is  “F-111,” which was made in 1964 and 1965 in part as a protest against American militarism.
iv. His life and career history was entitled as an autobiography ‘Painting Below Zero: Notes on a Life in Art’