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Current Affairs August 18 2019

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Two-day International Conference on Teacher Education by NCTE held in New Delhi
On August 17, 2019, A 2 day International Conference titled “Journey of Teacher Education: Local to Global” was inaugurated by the Union Minister of Human Resource Development Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ in New Delhi. It was organized by the National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) as a part of the silver jubilee celebration of its establishment in 1995 (August 17).Journey of Teacher Education Local to GlobaLKey Points:
i. Ministry of Human Resource Development will launch the world’s biggest project for teacher training named NISHTHA (National Initiative on School Teachers Head Holistic Advancement) on August 22, 2019.
ii. 40 renowned experts from India and abroad deliberated on the areas like the present scenario of teacher education in the Indian context; innovations in teaching practices; integration of information and communications technology in teaching; inclusive education in teaching-learning environment; and internationalization of teacher education.
About NCTE:
Headquarters: New Delhi
Chairperson: Dr. Satbir Bedi, IAS

MoCA forms committee to rationalise additional taxes on ATF
The Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) constituted a committee to rationalise additional taxes that airlines have to pay while uplifting Air Turbine Fuel (ATF) at airports across India. It is formed to develop a direct billing mechanism between airline companies and airport operators so that the multiple taxes can be removed.
Key Points:
i. At present, airlines have to pay charges such as ‘throughput charges’, ‘into plane charges’ and ‘fuel infrastructure charges’ when they take ATF at any airport for their planes.
ii. The panel comprises of the representatives from airlines, airport operators, oil companies, among others.
iii. If direct billing mechanism is implemented, airlines can save around Rs. 400 crore per year.
About MoCA:
Minister responsible: Hardeep Singh Puri
Headquarters: New Delhi

Lucknow’s iconic Hazratganj Chauraha renamed as Atal Chowk
Famous ‘Hazratganj Chauraha’ of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh has been renamed as ‘Atal Chowk’ in memory of former Prime Minister of India, Late Atal Bihari Vajpayee on the occasion of his first death anniversary, from August 16, 2019. He was a five-time Member of Parliament (MP) from Lucknow. A memorial named “Atal Smriti Upvan” will also be built on his name.Hazratganj ChaurahaAbout Uttar Pradesh:
Capital: Lucknow
Governor: Anandiben Patel
Chief Minister: Yogi Adityanath
Wildlife Sanctuary: Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary
National Park: Dudhwa National Park


28th BASIC Ministerial Meeting 2019 on Climate Change held in Sao Paulo, Brazil
The 28th session of BASIC (Brazil, South Africa, India, and China) Ministerial meeting 2019 on Climate Change was held in Sao Paulo, Brazil from 14 – 16  August 2019. Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar represented India for this meeting. This comes ahead of United Nations Framework for Climate Change (UNFCC) Conference of Parties (COP-25) meet scheduled to be held in Santiago, Chile from 2 – 13 December 2019.
i. While addressing the meeting, Mr. Prakash Javadekar stated that the BASIC Group coming & putting views together is an important aspect of the UN (United Nations)negotiations. The group has one-third of world’s geographical area and nearly 40% of the world’s population, can play a crucial role in ensuring that all countries accept the Paris climate agreement.
Furthermore, he stated that BASIC will be united and will speak in one voice.
ii. China will host the 29th BASIC Ministerial Meeting in 2020…………………..Click here to Read more


IITM develops Multimodal Robotic System called “GraspMan” with a human-like grasp
A team of researchers led by Asokan Thondiyath at Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM) have developed a new class of Robotic System called “GraspMan’, which has a human hand like grasping, manipulation and locomotion abilities.
Key points:
i. GraspMan: It comprises a pair of graspers which provides morphological adaptation& allows it to confirm the geometry of the object. The graspers have the capability to hold objects securely and manipulate them much like the human hand.
ii.Application: The Robotic System will be used in industrial applications such as pipe climbing and inspection, which involve climbing, holding and assembling. Machines used in search&rescue purpose and locomotory applications will get benefit from this robotic platform.
iii. The research has been published in Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics.


India clinched gold at Under- 12 Asian Tennis Team Championship 2019 in Kazakhstan
In the Under- 12 Asian Tennis Team Championship 2019 held in Kazakhstan, India defeated Chinese Taipei by 2-1 in the summit clash and clinched the gold medal. The final was a tie of three matches – 2 singles and one double. India won both the singles matches but lost the doubles match.
Key Points:
i. Manas Dhamme and Tamil Nadu’s Pranav Rethin won their singles matches.
ii. Manas Dhamme & Arnav Paprakar lost in the doubles match. They are trained at the Adar Poonawalla Maharashtra Tennis Academy under coach Aditya Madkekar and trainer Kaifi Afzal.
About U-12 Asian Tennis Team Championship 2019:
U12 Asian Team Championship is a team based event with every tie consisting of three matches including 2 singles and 1 doubles.

AIG Ashish Kapoor strikes 2 gold medals for India at WPFG 2019 held in Chengdu, China
On August 17, 2019, Ashish Kapoor, an Assistant Inspector General (AIG) in Vigilance Bureau of Punjab has clinched 2 gold medals for India in both singles and doubles Tennis events during the 18th edition of World Police and Fire Games (WPFG) 2019, held at Chengdu in China from August 11-17,2019.AIG Ashish KapoorKey points:
i. In his debut in 2009 in WPFG games at Vancouver, he had won a bronze medal in tennis singles. In New York games, 2011 he got Silver whereas in Belfast, Ireland (2013), Fairfax USA (2015), and Los Angles USA (2017) he grabbed Gold medals.
ii. He is an all India police champion in Tennis singles events for the last 15 years and a top-seeded in this event.
About WPFG:
It is a biennial sporting event, in which officers or officials from police and Fire Departments from all over the world compete in the different events.

2019 Bombay Gymkhana Youth Snooker Open title won by Kreishh Gurbaxani
Mumbai based Kreishh Gurbaxani who is currently at the no. 2 spots in the India junior snooker rankings won the 2019 Bombay Gymkhana Youth Snooker Open title on August 14, 2019. He defeated Odisha’s Asutosh Padhy for 5-4 in the 4-hour final contest.Kreishh Gurbaxani Key points
i. The winner, Kreishh, was awarded the champion’s trophy and a cheque of Rs 30,000.
ii. The runner up trophy and a cheque of Rs 20,000 were given to Asutosh Padhy.

NZ’s Tim Southee equals India’s Sachin Tendulkar’s record
New Zealand’s fast bowler Tim Southee now equaled former Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar’s record tally of sixes in Test cricket, on the first day of the Test match between Srilanka and New-Zealand that was held at Galle, Srilanka. Both Tendulkar and Southee have made 69 sixes in the Test cricket.

NZ’s Tim Southee equals India’s Sachin Tendulkar’s record.Key points
i. Tendulkar had 69 sixes in 329 innings. But Tim Southee made it in just 89 innings. They both are now tied at the 17th spot.
ii. Tim Southee who came to bat at no.10 scored 14 off 19 balls and achieved the feat by hitting off-spinner Dhananjaya de Silva for a six.
iii. Southee is just one six away to equal former Pakistan batsman Younus Khan who made 70 sixes in 213 innings.
iv. The record is topped by former New Zealand captain and currently appointed coach of Kolkata Knight Riders(KKR) team Brendon McCullum. He made 107 sixes in 176 innings. KKR is a team in the Indian Premier League(IPL).
v. The only cricketer apart from McCullum to score century of sixes in test series is Former Australian wicket-keeper batsman Adam Gilchrist who has 100 sixes in 137 innings.
vi. Others following Gilchrist are west Indies’s Chris Gayle(98), South Africa’s Jacques Kallis(97) and India’s Virender Sehwag (91).

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Hollywood actor Peter Fonda passed away at the age of 79
On August 16, 2019, Renowned Hollywood actor Peter Fonda died at the age of 79 at his home in Los Angeles, America, due to Respiratory failure from lung cancer.Hollywood actor Peter FondaKey points
i. Born on 23 February 1940 in New York, America, Peter Fonda is best known for his role as Wyatt in 1969 movie “Easy Rider”.
ii. He was nominated for an Oscar (Academy Awards) in the Best Actor category in 1997 for his portrayal of a beekeeper in movie ‘Ulee’s Gold’. He also won the Golden Globe award for the role.
iii. He was awarded the Golden globe again for best-supporting actor for his role in “The Passion of Ayn Rand” in 1999.
iv. He was the son of actor Henry Fonda and also a brother of actress and activist Jane Fonda.

Roger Rabbit creator, Richard Williams passed away in Bristol, UK
On August 16, 2019, Triple Oscar-winning and triple BAFTA-winning animator who was best known for creating Roger Rabbit, Richard Williams, aged 86, passed away in Bristol, United Kingdom (UK). He was born in Toronto, Canada on March 19, 1933.The Academy Of Motion Picture Arts And Sciences' Celebrates The Animated Genius Of Richard Williamsi. He was best known for serving as an animation director on Who Framed Roger Rabbit? (1988) and for his unfinished feature film ‘The Thief and the Cobbler’ (1993).
ii. His works include What’s New Pussycat? (1965), A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (1966), The Charge of the Light Brigade and Pink Panther.
iii. For the film “Who Framed Roger Rabbit?”, he won two Oscars for Best Visual Effects and a Special Achievement Oscar. He also won a visual effects British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award.
iv. For his first film, “The Little Island”, he won a BAFTA in 1958. The first Oscar was received by him in 1971 for his animated adaptation of “A Christmas Carol.”
v. He published “The Animator’s Survival Kit: A Manual of Methods, Principles, and Formulas for Classical, Computer, Games, Stop Motion and Internet Animators” in 2001.


Chhattisgarh CM Bhupesh Baghel announces formation of Lemru Elephant Reserve
On August 15, 2019, The Chief Minister of Chattisgarh, Bhupesh Baghel in his independence day speech in Raipur announced the formation of ‘Lemru Elephant Reserve’ (LER) in the state, over an area of 450 square kilometres. It will minimize human-elephant conflict and destruction of property, with the provision of a permanent habitat for the wild tuskers.
Key Points:
i. It will be set-up as per the report and recommendations of the Special High-Power Technical Committee (SHPTC) which was constituted by the Government of India.
ii. Permission was granted by the Union Government to set up two reserves in October 2007. The first reserve was formed in 2011 namely Sarguja-Jashpur Elephant Reserve,
About Chhattisgarh:
Governor: Anusuiya Uikey
National Parks: Indravati (Kutru) National Park, Kanger Valley National Park, Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries: Achanakmar WLS, Badalkhol WLS, Bhoramdev WLS, Sarangarh-Gomardha  WLS, Semarsot WLS, Sitanadi WLS, Tamor Pingla WLS, Udanti Wild Buffalo WLS, Pamed Wild Buffalo WLS, Bhairamgarh WLS, Barnawapara WLS

Manipur Govt launches “School Fagadaba” scheme to improve infrastructure of government schools
On August 17, 2019, Chief Minister (CM) of Manipur, N Biren Singh has launched “School Fagadaba” (Make education better) scheme with the aim to improve the infrastructure, quality education and overall improvement of government schools.School Fagadaba scheme Key points:
i. In order to ensure regular attendance of teachers, biometric devices would be installed in every Government schools in the state.
ii. Once the teachers posted in these schools, they would stay at the place of their posting for at least 3 years.
iii. One Higher Secondary School from each of the 60 Assembly constituencies in the state has been selected under the 1st phase of the scheme.
iv. The state also set a target to increase enrollment of students from 26,000 at present to around 44,000 in the next academic session. Additional infrastructures like a modern school campus, sufficient school furniture, outdoor gymnasium, separate toilets for boys and girls, drinking water facilities will be provided to these schools as per the Right to Education (RTE) norms.
About Manipur:
♦ Capital
: Imphal
♦ Governor: Padmanabha Acharya
♦ National Park: Keibul Lamjao
♦ Dances: Dhol cholom, Pung Cholam, Nupa Pala.

Nagaland State police Department gets its first Laboratory-cum-Training centre at Dimapur
On August 15, 2019, The deputy chief minister of Nagaland Yanthungo Patton (Y. Patton), inaugurated the first Cyber Laboratory-cum-Training Centre of the Nagaland State Police Department at Chumukedima of Dimapur district. This training centre was inaugurated for the prevention of Cyber Crime against Women and Children.
Key points
i. The Inspector-General of Police (IGP) from the Crime Investigation Department (CID) – Zekotso Mero delivered the welcome address.
ii. About 50 police personnel from different police units will be trained on specific topics related to cybercrimes and also ways to assist women and children victims in those crimes.
About Nagaland
♦ Capital- Kohima.
♦ Chief Minister-  Neiphiu Rio.
♦ Governor- R.N.Ravi.
♦ Largest city- Dimapur.

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