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Current Affairs 9 October 2021

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NTCA Declared Areas of Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary & Guru Ghasidas National Park as Chhattisgarh’s 4th Tiger ReserveIndia’s newest Tiger ReserveThe 11th Technical Committee of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has approved the proposal of the government of Chhattisgarh to declare the combined areas of the Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary and the Guru Ghasidas National Park as the 4th Tiger reserve of Chhattisgarh. 

  • The proposal was approved under Section 38V(1) of The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 which states that “The State Government shall, on the recommendations of the Tiger Conservation Authority, notify an area as a tiger reserve”.

The other tiger reserves of Chhattisgarh are Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve, Indravati Tiger Reserves, and Amarkantak – Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary
About Chhattisgarh:
Chief Minister– Bhupesh Baghel
Airports– Swami Vivekananda Airport; Jagdalpur Airport
Festivals– Madai Festival; Narayanpur Mela; Bhoramdeo Festival
>>Read Full News

India Joins High Ambition Coalition for Nature and PeopleIndia Joins High Ambition Coalition for Nature and Peoplei.On October 7, 2021, India officially joined the High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People during a ceremony between the French and Indian governments held at New Delhi, India.
ii.In this regard, Rameshwar Prasad Gupta, Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Government of India handed over the signed HAC agreement to Emmanuel Lenain, Ambassador of France to India.
iii.This joining comes ahead of high-level biodiversity meeting to be virtually hosted by China on October 11-15, 2021.
About Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change(MoEF&CC):
Union Minister– Bhupender Yadav(Rajya Sabha- Rajasthan)
Minister of State– Ashwini Kumar Choubey(Constituency- Buxar, Bihar)
>>Read Full News

6th Edition of India-UK Military Exercise Ajeya Warrior-2021 Held in Uttarakhand6th Edition of India - UK Joint Company Level Military TrainingThe 6th Edition of India – UK (United Kingdom) Joint Company Level Military Training exercise Ajeya Warrior-2021 was commenced in Chaubatia, Uttarakhand on October 07, 2021, and it was scheduled to be completed on October 20, 2021.
Key Points:
i.Objective: To strengthen bilateral defence cooperation between the two countries and develop inter-operability among them.
ii.An Infantry Company from the Indian Army and an equivalent strength from UK Army would be sharing their experiences gained during the conduct of various military operations in their respective countries and during overseas engagements.
iii.The training would be completed with a 48 hours difficult exercise to validate the performance of both the Armies in conducting joint military operations in a semi-urban environment.
iv.Both the armies would familiarise themselves with each other’s weapons, equipment, tactics and procedures for carrying out joint military operations.
About United Kingdom (UK):
Capital – London
Prime minister – Boris Johnson
Currency – Pound sterling

Government Releases First Comprehensive Guidelines for the Cyber Security in Power SectorGovernment releases guideline for the Cyber Security in Power SectorThe government of India has released 1st guidelines for cybersecurity in the power sector. These guidelines were released under the direction of Union Power and New & Renewable Energy Minister Raj Kumar Singh and the Central Electricity Authority (CEA).
Objective –
To create a cyber secure ecosystem and strengthen the regulatory framework.
About the guidelines
i.This is the first time the comprehensive guidelines for cybersecurity in the power sector were framed by the CEA.
ii.Under the provision of Section 3(10) on Cyber Security in the “Central Electricity Authority (Technical Standards for Connectivity to the Grid) (Amendment) Regulations, 2019’’, the CEA has framed the guidelines.
iii.It is mandatory to all stakeholders to focus on providing cyber hygiene, training of all IT(Information Technology) personnel on Cyber Security, constructing Cyber Testing Laboratories in the country.
iv.It will provide better facilities and solutions for tackling challenges related to cybersecurity in the power sector.
About Ministry of Power
Minister – Raj Kumar Singh (Arrah,Bihar)
Minister of State– Krishan Pal Gurjar (Faridabad, Haryana)
>>Read Full News

Textile Ministry signs MoU with Germany to boost Sustainable Cotton ProductionOn 7th October 2021, the World Cotton Day, India’s Ministry of Textiles (MoT) supported by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (MoAFW) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Germany’s Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) to implement projects on ‘Sustainability and Value Added in the Cotton Economy’.The agreement was signed on Implementation Agreement of Indo German Technical Cooperation Project.
Objective – The objective of the project is `to increase the value addition from sustainable cotton production in India by focusing on sustainable cotton, and strengthening of downstream processing’.

Target – The partnership targets to increase cotton production on 90,000 hectares of land in 4 States (Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu) to increase the yield of Cotton by 10%, thereby supporting 1.5 lakh farmers.
i.The Textile Ministry will constitute a Steering committee to review its projects through Nodal officers in the 4 states.
Note- India is the World’s largest Cotton producer & the 2nd largest Consumer of cotton (5.15 Million Metric Tons)
‘Shelf to Field’ approach:

  • Under this collaboration, projects will be implemented with strategies to link cotton consumers with cotton growers, thereby increasing transparency in the system.
  • Sustainability Standards will be implemented to reduce water footprint in cotton production, to reduce water stress in climate change prone areas.

Signatories – Sanjay Sharan, Joint Secretary (Ministry of Textiles); Mohd.-El-Khawab, Programme Coordinator (GIZ India) and Dr. Rossitza Krueger, Programme Head, Sustainable Cotton Project, GIZ
About Germany:
President – Frank-Walter Steinmeier
In 2005, Angela Merkel became Germany’s 1st Woman Chancellor.
Currency – Euro
Capital – Berlin
About Ministry of Textiles:
Union Minister – Piyush Goyal (Rajya Sabha – Maharashtra)
Minister of State (MoS) – Darshana V Jardosh (Constituency – Surat, Gujarat)

Telangana Celebrated Bathukamma festival on 6th October 2021Telangana Celebrates 'Bathukamma' festivalBathukamma, a part of Dasara festivities, is a traditional Hindu festival celebrated predominantly in the state of Telangana and in some parts of Andhra Pradesh(AP). The Bathukamma festival celebrates the relationship between earth, water and the humans.
Bathukamma means ‘Goddess of Life’.

  • The festival of Bathukamma is annually celebrated as per Shathavahana calendar for nine days starting on Bhadrapada Pournami also known as Mahalaya Amavasya and concludes on Durgashtami.
  • The festival usually falls in the month of September or October (later half of monsoon, before the onset of winter).

Significance of Bathukamma festival:
i.The festival is celebrated by the Hindu women of Telangana with flowers that are endemic to Telangana such as gunuka poolu, tangedu poolu, banti, chemanti, and nandi-vardhanam.
ii.The women decorate a special pot with the flowers and go on a procession through the village.
The names for each day of the festival: 
Day 1: Engili Pula Bathukamma
Day 2: Atkula Bathukamma
Day 3: Muddapappu Bathukamma
Day 4: Nanabiyyam Bathukamma
Day 5: Atla Bathukamma
Day 6: Aligina Bathukamma
Day 7: Vepakayala Bathukamma
Day 8: Vennamuddala Bathukamma
Day 9: Saddula Bathukamma


Working Conditions of teachers in Northeast, aspirational districts poor: UNESCO SOER report 2021Working conditions of teachers in Northeasti.In accordance with the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) report titled ‘The report – 2021 State of the Education Report (SOER) for India: No Teachers, No Class’, Indian teachers are facing basic amenities like toilets in northeast and aspirational districts. There are disparities for the same between urban and rural schools.
ii.This report is the 3rd edition of the SOER, an annual flagship report of UNESCO. It analysed data from the Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) 2018-19 and the periodic labour force survey 2018-19.
About UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization):
2021 is the International Year of Creative Economy for Sustainable Development
Establishment– 1945
Director-General– Audrey Azoulay
Headquarters– Paris, France
>>Read Full News


SBI Extends Partnership with TCS for another 5 yearsSBI extends partnership with TCS for another 5 yearsOn October 6, 2021, State Bank of India (SBI) extended its partnership with Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) for another five years. Under this partnership, SBI uses TCS BaNCS for which TCS maintain and enhance SBI’s application for core banking, trade finance, financial reporting, and financial inclusion.

  • TCS BaNCS was launched in 2001.

Other SBI-TCS collaborations:
i.TCS is helping build Bharat Craft– an omnichannel, online B2B (Business to Business) e-commerce platform which would serve as a marketplace for MSMEs (Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises), jointly driven by SBI and the Government of India.
ii.Prior to that, TCS collaborated with SBI to plan and execute the  merger of SBI’s five associate banks and Bharatiya Mahila Bank.
About Tata Consultancy Services (TCS):
Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director (CMD)– Rajesh Gopinathan
Headquarter– Mumbai, Maharashtra

PNB Launched ‘6S Campaign’ Under Customer Outreach ProgrammePNB launches '6S Campaign' under customer outreach programmePunjab National Bank (PNB) launched the “6S Campaign” under customer outreach programme to offer financial services at a concessional rate during festival season.
The campaign encapsulates various schemes such as Swabhiman, Samruddhi, Sampark and Shikhar, Sankalp and Swagat.

  • To create awareness about the development of Financial services in India.
  • To accelerate the credit growth
  • To improve the penetration of social security schemes and drive digital banking.

Features of “6S Campaign”:
i.Under the Swabhimaan, the bank aims to promote the financial inclusion agenda through deepening the penetration of 3 social security schemes pertaining to the insurance and pension sector. The 3 schemes are Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Yojana, and Atal Pension Yojana.
ii.Through the Samruddhi scheme, PNB aims to drive credit outreach for the agricultural sector.  This will cover all the agricultural credit products like KCC, gold loans and investment credit.
iii.Under Shikhar, Sankalp and Swagat schemes, the bank has planned special rates of interest to drive credit offtake in the retail and MSME Sector.
iv.The bank has also identified focused products and customer segments for targeted outreach in line with the strategic agenda of PNB.
v.To ensure access to affordable credit for MSMEs in India, PNB has also deepened the concessions for various selected products in line with the “One District- One Product policy”.
About Punjab National Bank (PNB):
MD & CEO– S. S. Mallikarjuna Rao
Headquarters– New Delhi, Delhi
Tagline– the name you can bank upon
Founded on– 19th May 1894
Nationalized on– 19th July, 1969


Fitch Ratings Revised India’s FY22 GDP growth Estimate to 8.7% from 10%; FICCI Raised India’s GDP Growth in FY22 to 9.1% from 9%Fitch cuts India's FY22 GDP growth forecast to 8.7%Fitch Ratings, an American credit rating agency, in its latest ‘APAC (Asia-Pacific) Sovereign Credit Overview 4Q21’ has reduced India’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth forecast for FY22 to 8.7 percent from 10 percent.

  • It has increased the growth forecast for FY23 to 10 percent from an earlier estimation of 8.5 percent.
  • It expects the APAC growth to recover to 6.3 percent in 2021 and 5.3 percent in 2022 from 0.8 percent contraction in 2020.
  • It has also retained the India’s BBB-/Negative sovereign rating due to a sharp drop in public finances due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

FICCI Raised India’s GDP Growth in FY22 to 9.1% from 9%

Industry body FICCI (Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry), in its latest economic outlook survey, has revised India’s GDP growth forecast for FY22 to 9.1 percent from its earlier estimation of 9 percent.

  • The industry and services sectors are projected to grow 12.9 percent and 8.6 percent.

About Fitch Ratings:
President – Ian Linnell
Headquarters – New York, United States
About Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI):
Establishment – 1927
Headquarters– New Delhi
President – Uday Shankar

Tata Sons Won Bids to Acquire Air India; Tata Power Signed Agreement with BluWave-ai Tata Sons Private Ltd subsidiary Talace Pvt Ltd has won the final bid for acquiring national carrier Air India by submitting ₹18,000 crore bid. The ministerial panel led by Union Home Minister Amit Shah approved the bid.

  • The airline Air India was established by industrialist and philanthropist JRD Tata (India’s 1st licensed pilot) in 1932 as the Tata Airlines and it was sold to the government in 1953.
  • The airline started to lose money after its merger with state-owned domestic operator Indian Airlines in 2007. Now Air India is under a debt of over Rs 60,000 crore and it currently serves 42 international destinations.
  • Now the winning of the final bid to acquire Air India marks the return of the airline to the Tatas after a gap of 68 years. SpiceJet founder Ajay Singh also participated along with the bidders.
  • Now, Tata Sons will own 100% stake in Air India, as also 100% in its international low-cost arm Air India Express and 50% in the ground handling joint venture, Air India SATS. Apart from 141 planes and access to a network of 173 destinations including 55 international ones, Tata’s will also have the ownership of iconic brands like Air India, Indian Airlines and the Maharajah.

Tata Power Signed 3-year Agreement with BlueWave-ai
Tata Power company Ltd has signed a 3-year commercial agreement with BluWave-ai, the world’s 1st renewable energy AI (Artificial Intelligence) company.
Key Points:
i.Through the agreement, Tata Power will work with the BluWave-ai cloud platform to generate intra-day and day-ahead dispatches for use in its day to day power scheduling operations.
ii.The BluWave-ai software-as-a-solution (SaaS) has been live in operation since February 2020.
iii.BluWave-ai has deployed AI solutions of The Central Control room for Renewable Assets (CCRA), which uses machine learning based on loss estimation, forecasting and alert/notification.
iv.Tata Power’s Coastal Gujarat Power Limited (CGPL) and Maithon Power Plant (MPL) units also use the BluWave-ai solution to plant Coal Supply Management (Coal SCM) and Management Strategic Review (MSR) solutions to optimise the coal supply and order inventory management.
About Tata Power Company Ltd:
It is India’s Largest Integrated Power Company
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
MD & CEO – Praveer Sinha
About Tata Sons Private Ltd:
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
Executive Chairman – N Chandrasekaran


Journalists Maria Ressa & Dmitry Andreyevich Muratov won the Nobel Peace Prize 2021 Philippines journalist Maria Ressa and Russian journalist Dmitry Muratov win 2021 Nobel Peace PrizeThe Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize 2021 to Maria Ressa, journalist from Philippines and Dmitry Andreyevich Muratov, journalist from Russia for their efforts to protect the freedom of expression, the precondition of democracy and lasting peace.
Maria Ressa is the 18th woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

  • The Nobel Peace Prize 2021 was announced by Berit Reiss-Andersen, Chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee.
  • The prize carries a gold medal and a cash prize of 10 million Swedish krona (~Rs 8.5 crore) which will be shared equally between the 2 laureates.

>>Read Full News


Guinea’s new interim govt appointed Mohamed Béavogui as new PMGuinea military government names Mohamed Beavogui as PMThe Interim Government of Guinea led by  Colonel Mamady Doumbouya has appointed  Mohamed Béavogui(68 years old), a former civil servant and expert in agricultural finance as the New Prime Minister(PM) of Guinea.

  • Mohamed Béavogui will serve as the PM during the transition period of Guinea.
  • He replaces Ibrahima Kassory Fofana, who served as the PM of Guinea from 2018 to September 2021.

About Mohamed Béavogui:
i.Mohamed Béavogui has served as the first African General Manager of the African Risk Capacity(ARC).
ii.He has also served as the Director of Partnerships and Resource Mobilization and Senior Advisor to the President of the United Nations International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
iii.He worked as the Senior Project Management Officer at the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), New York.
iv.He has also served as the Chief Technical Adviser at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Burundi and in Rome.
About Guinea:
Interim President– Mamady Doumbouya
Prime Minister– Mohamed Béavogui
Capital– Conakry
Currency– Guinean Franc


HAL Delivers Heaviest Semi-Cryogenic Propellant Tank, ‘SC120-LOX’ to ISROHAL delivers heaviest Semi-Cryogenic propellant tank to ISROOn 7th October 2021, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) delivered the ‘heaviest’ Semi-Cryogenic Propellant tank named ‘SC120-LOX’ to Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is a Semi Cryo-liquid Oxygen (LOX) tank, which will be a part of SC120 stage of ISRO’s GSLV Mark III launch vehicles, replacing the existing L110 stage.
i.M K Mishra, General Manager (GM) of Aerospace Division of HAL delivered the propellant tank to T.K.B. Kumaresh Babu, GM (LHWC), ISRO.
ii.Notably, HAL’s Aerospace Division has delivered 244 propellant tanks & 95 water tanks for various space missions of ISRO, which includes PSLV, GSLV Mk-II and GSLV Mk-III missions.
iii.Previously, in November 2020, HAL delivered the biggest ever cryogenic Liquid Hydrogen tank (C32-LH2), which is 4m in diameter & 8m in length, to ISRO.
iv.HAL is currently working with ISRO’s Human space mission ‘Gaganyaan’, for supplying hardware components to GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle and various supports to Crew Module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment, PAD Abort test for Crew Escape.
About Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL): 
HAL was established on 1st October 1964, by the merger of Hindustan Aircraft Limited & Aeronautics India Limited
Chairman & MD– R Madhavan
Headquarter– Bengaluru, Karnataka


Cyclone Gulab resurrected as Cyclone Shaheen
The Cyclonic Storm Gulab, which started in the Bay of Bengal and affected the Eastern coast of India (Odisha and Andhra Pradesh) made landfall near Kalingapatnam town in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh.

  • According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD) Cyclone Gulab, re-emerged as Cyclone Shaheen, which gradually strengthened as it entered the Gulf of Oman.
  • The cyclone Shaheen affected the parts of oman and Iran.
  • Cyclone Gulab was named by Pakistan and the Cyclone Shaheen was named by Qatar.Shaheen means ‘Royal white falcon’. Gulab means rose in Urdu/Hindi.

The cyclones are named from the list of cyclone names that is maintained by the World Meteorological Organisation/United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (WMO/ESCAP) Panel on Tropical Cyclones (PTC).


Nobel laureate Wole Soyinka’s Novel Titled “Chronicles From the Land of the Happiest People on Earth” Released A book titled “Chronicles From the Land of the Happiest People on Earth,African writer Wole Soyinka, who won the Nobel Prize in Literature 1986, has authored a new novel titled “Chronicles From the Land of the Happiest People on Earth”. The book is set in a contemporary version of Nigeria.
The novel is a political and social satire based on the Nigerian elite political class.
About Wole Soyinka:
i.Akonwande Oluwole “Wole” Soyinka was born on 13th July 1934 in Abeokuta in Western Nigeria.
ii.Wole Soyinka a poet, playwright, essayist, memoirist, and novelist, is one of Africa’s most representative writers.
i.Nobel Prize in Literature 1986 was awarded to Wole Soyinka who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence.

  • He was the first African writer to win the Nobel Prize.

ii.He was honoured with the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement at the 2009 International Achievement Summit in Cape Town, South Africa.
i.Wole Soyinka has more than 50 literary works which include a number of poetries and around 30 plays.
ii.Other novels by Wole Soyinka are

  • The Interpreters(1965)
  • The Man Died: Prison Notes(1972)
  • Season of Anomy(1973)


89th Indian Air Force Day – 8th October 2021Air Force Day 2021Indian Air Force Day is annually observed across India on 8th October to increase awareness about the Indian Air Force, an organisation that works towards strengthening national security.

  • The day marks the establishment of the Indian Air Force on 8th October 1932. 
  • The 8th October 2021 marks the celebration of the 89th anniversary of Indian Air Force Day.
  • The 2021 Indian Air Force Day is celebrated as “Swarnim Vijay Varsh”, commemorating the victory of the 1971 war.

History of Indian Air Force:
i.The Indian Air Force(IAF) was established on 8th October 1932 and raised as a support force of the Royal Air Force of the United Kingdom.
ii.The IAF, also known as “Bhartiya Vayu Sena”, is the air wing of the Indian Armed Forces and the fourth largest air force in the world.
About Indian Air Force(IAF):
Chief of the Air Staff– Air Chief Marshal VR Chaudhari
Established on 8th October 1932
Motto– ‘Nabha Sparsham Deeptham’ (touch the sky with glory)
>>Read Full News


Telangana Develops India’s first Smartphone-based eVoting SolutionTelangana develops India's first smartphone-based eVoting solutionTelangana has developed the country’s first smartphone-based e-voting solution.
It will be tested in a dummy election also, and a dry run will be held  in the  Khammam district of Telangana.

  • The ‘TSEC eVote’ Android app is a security hardened mobile application to prevent tampering and binds a device ID and phone number to a specific citizen registration process so that only the same device can be used during voting, thus enhancing security.

i.It was initiated by the Telangana State Election Commission (TSEC) with the implementation support of the Emerging Technologies Wing of the state’s IT Department, and the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC)
ii.An ‘expert committee’ formed under Professor Rajat Moona, Director of IIT (Indian Institute of Technology) Bhilai and Technical advisor to Election Commission of India, and professors from IIT Bombay and IIT Delhi.
iii.It will  help those that may face challenges with physical voting with or without Covid-19 pandemic.
About Telangana
Zoological park– Nehru Zoological Park,Vana Vigyan Kendra Mini Zoo (Kakatiya Zoological Park)
Airport- Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Begumpet Airport (also known as Old Airport after the inauguration of Rajiv Gandhi International Airport) ,Ramagundam Airport
Heritage– Kakatiya Rudreshwara Ramappa) Temple (2021)


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Current Affairs Today (AffairsCloud Today) Current Affairs 9 October 2021
1 India’s newest Tiger Reserve, No. 4 in Chhattisgarh:combined areas of the Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary as a Tiger Reserve
2 India Joins High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People
3 6th Edition of India-UK Military Exercise Ajeya Warrior-2021 Held in Uttarakhand
4 Government Releases First Comprehensive Guidelines for the Cyber Security in Power Sector
5 Ministry of Textiles and GIZ signs an MOU on Implementation Agreement of Indo German Technical Cooperation project on ‘Sustainability and Value Added in the Cotton Economy’
6 Telangana Celebrates ‘Bathukamma’ festival
7 Working Conditions of teachers in Northeast, aspirational districts poor: UNESCO SOER report 2021
8 SBI Extends Partnership with TCS for another 5 years
9 PNB launches ‘6S Campaign’ under customer outreach programme
11 Fitch Ratings Revised India’s FY22 GDP growth Estimate to 8.7% from 10%; FICCI Raised India’s GDP Growth in FY22 to 9.1% from 9%
12 Tata Sons Won Bids to Acquire Air India; Tata Power Signed Agreement with BluWave-ai
13 Philippines journalist Maria Ressa and Russian journalist Dmitry Muratov win 2021 Nobel Peace Prize
14 Guinea’s new interim govt appointed Mohamed Béavogui as new PM
15 HAL delivers “heaviest” Semi-Cryogenic propellant tank to ISRO
16 Cyclone ‘Gulab’ developing into Cyclone ‘Shaheen’ in Arabian sea
17 Nobel laureate Wole Soyinka’s Released New Novel Titled “Chronicles From the Land of the Happiest People on Earth”
19 89th Indian Air Force Day – 8th October 2021
20 Telangana Develops India’s first Smartphone-based eVoting Solution