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India’s first grass conservatory developed in Ranikhet, UttarakhandOn November 15, 2021, India’s first ‘grass conservatory’ or ‘germplasm conservation centre’ spread over an area of 2 acres was inaugurated at Ranikhet in Almora district of Uttarakhand.
- This conservatory is funded under the Central Government’s CAMPA (Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority) scheme and is developed by the research wing of Uttarakhand Forest Department.
Aim behind Grass Conservatory:
To create awareness about the importance of grass species, promote their conservation, and facilitate research in the field,
Need behind Grass Conservatory:
Grasslands are facing various types of threats and their area is shrinking resulting in endangering the entire ecosystem of insects, birds, and mammals dependent on them. In order to cope up with this degradation, this conservatory has been developed.
About Grass Conservatory:
i.Around 90 different grass species segmented in seven different categories of grass species including aromatic, medicinal, fodder, ornamental, agricultural, and religious uses.
ii.Notably, as per research, grasslands are more effective in ‘carbon sequestration’ than forest land. Therefore this conservatory will cater the same.
iii.Also, grasses are economically the most important of all flowering plants because of their nutritious grain and soil forming function.
Chief Minister– Pushkar Singh Dhami
Tiger reserve– Corbett Tiger Reserve, Rajaji Tiger Reserve
Gen. Bipin Rawat inaugurates 14th edition of Cyber Security Conference ‘c0c0n’ The 14th edition of Cyber Security ‘c0c0n’, an annual Hacking and Cyber Security Conference, was inaugurated by Chief of Defense Staff General Bipin Rawat and conducted in virtual format from November 10-13, 2021.
Theme for cOcOn 2021 – ‘Improvise, Adapt and Overcome’.
- The conference was conducted by the Kerala police in association with two Non-Profit organisations, Society for the Policing of Cyberspace (POLCYB) and Information Security Research Association (ISRA).
To discuss at the international level the challenges facing the digital world during the COVID period and the solutions needed to overcome them
i.The conference provides information on cyber security issues, enhancement of law enforcement through the improvement of the technical and administrative capabilities towards future challenges.
ii.Online security is beneficial even to children in the state where many crimes are taking place with the shift to online classes.
iii.The main focus is on Cyber attacks on critical infrastructures, quantum computing, automotive cyber security, drone attacks detections using deep learning, data security and privacy, cyber espionage and cyber warfare.
iv.The Kerala police will encourage women into Cyber security and provide equal opportunity for leadership.
Established – June 1999
President – Dan Swartwood
Highlights of 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) – PART 2The 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held from 31st October –12 November 2021 in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom (UK), for better alignment with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
- Egypt was chosen to host the upcoming session of the conference COP27 in 2022 and United Arab Emirates (UAE) was chosen to host COP28 in 2023.
Highlights of COP26:
i.India launched a web portal on electric vehicles (EVs) named ‘E-Amrit’ at the COP26 Summit. The portal will act as a one-stop destination on all EV-related information and will raise awareness on EVs and sensitize consumers on the benefits of switching to EVs.
ii.Rameshwar Prasad Gupta, Secretary, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MOEFCC), has launched ‘COP26 Charter of Actions’, which was prepared by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI).
iii.The UK COP26 Presidency has selected transport as a priority theme and designated 10 November as the dedicated Transport Thematic Day.
iv.India joins with South Africa, Indonesia, and the Philippines as the first round of beneficiaries of Accelerating Coal Transition (ACT) Investment Program of CIF (Climate Investment Funds).
v.At COP26, a first of its kind alliance of governments named ‘Beyond Oil and Gas Alliance’ (BOGA) was announced with committment to phase out the production of oil and gas.
vi.Maharashtra became the only state in India to won the Inspiring Regional Leadership award at the inaugural leadership awards of the Under2 Coalition heldon the sidelines of the COP26 summit.
vii.Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav stated about India’s agreement with United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to set up the UNEP’s country office in India.
viii.International Solar Alliance (ISA) and UNFCCC inked pact at COP26 conference in Glasgow to fight climate change.
About United Kingdom(UK):
Capital – London
Currency – Pound sterling
Prime minister – Boris Johnson
>>Read Full News
BANKING & FINANCE
WB and ADB launches ‘WePOWER India Partnership Forum’ to increase women participation in energy sectorThe WePOWER India Partnership Forum was held through a virtual platform on November 9, 2021 to boost South Asia Women in Power Sector Professional Network (WePOWER) in India.
- The event was organized by the World Bank (WB) and Asian Development Bank (ADB) in association with the India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF).
- It was attended by 168 energy sector stakeholders.
- The event saw a panel discussion on expanding job opportunities for women in India’s Clean Energy Transition’.
Initiated in 2019, WB in collaboration with ADB launched the WePOWER to promote gender equality in the Indian electricity sector. It is a network of 28 energy sector utilities and organizations. It also promotes normative change for women and girls in Science Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) education.
The launch ceremony was preceded over by the Vishal Kapoor, Joint Secretary – Distribution, Ministry of Power, Govt of India; Junaid Kamal Ahmad, Country Director, World Bank; and Reji Kumar Pillai, President, India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF); Among other dignitaries were Guangzhe Chen, Regional Director for Infrastructure, South Asia, World Bank; Takeo Konishi, Country Director, ADB; and Reena Suri, Executive Director, ISGF.
About World Bank:
The World Bank was created at the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference, along with the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
President– David Robert Malpass (13th President)
Headquarters– Washington DC, United States of America
AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS
Vihaan and Nav Agarwal wins 2021 KidsRights International Children’s Peace Prize for waste projectTwo Indian teenage brothers, Vihaan (17) and Nav Agarwal (14) have won the 2021 KidsRights International Children’s Peace Prize for tackling pollution from household waste to achieve the goal of ‘Zero Waste India’.
They developed the “One Step Greener” initiative segregating recyclables and organising pickups for trash from thousands of homes.The aim of their initiative is “Zero Waste India”.The prize was presented by Indian Nobel Peace laureate Kailash Satyarthi in The Hague, Netherlands.
- KidsRights International Children’s Peace Prize run by the Dutch-based KidsRights.
- The prize also includes a grant for their education and 100,000 euros for their project.
- Starting with 15 homes in 2018, when they were aged 14 and 11, they now have 1,500 homes involved along with offices and schools, fitting the running of the initiative around their school work.
Author M Mukundan wins JCB Prize for Literature 2021 for his novel ‘Delhi: A Soliloquy’Author M Mukundan’s novel ‘Delhi: A Soliloquy’, translated from Malayalam into English by Fathima E V and Nandakumar K, has won the Rs 25-lakh-JCB Prize for Literature 2021 published by Westland.
- The Book focuses on India’s capital Delhi, as it changes into the present-day megalopolis.
- Besides the cash award Mukundan also won a trophy created by Delhi artist duo Thukral & Tagra, titled ‘Mirror Melting’. He also dedicated the award to “the poor people on the streets of Delhi.
- This is the third translation that has won the JCB Prize after S Hareesh’s ‘Moustache (2020) and Benyamin’s ‘Jasmine Days’ (2018).
i.First published in 2011 as Delhi Gathakal which is based on the experience of living and working in Delhi for 40 years at the French Embassy.
ii.Mukundan served as the president of the Kerala Sahitya Akademi from 2006 to 2010.
iii.The Other books on the shortlist were ‘Anti-Clock’ by V J James; ‘Name Place Animal Thing’ by Daribha Lyndem; ‘The Plague Upon Us’ by Shabir Ahmed Mir and ‘Gods and Ends’ by Lindsay Pereira.
Achievements of M Mukundan
i.He has been awarded Ezhuthachan Puraskaram, the highest literary honour given by the Government of Kerala.
ii.The Crossword Book Award twice, first in 1999 for ‘On the Banks of the Mayyazhi’ and second in 2006 for ‘Kesavan’s Lamentations’
iii.The Sahitya Akademi award and N.V.¯Puraskaram for ‘Daivathinte Vikrithikal’ (God’s Mischief).
iv.He received Chevalier in the Order of Arts and Letters by the French Government in 1998.
Note – Fathima E V , head of English department at Krishna Menon Memorial Government Women’s College at Kannur and Nandakumar K , Dubai based copy editor are award winning writers and translators.
Other noted works of M Mukundan
1.Kesavante Vilapangal (2009)
About JCB Prize
Launched – 2018
Chairperson – Tarun Das
i.The award carries a cash prize of Rs 25 lakh for the author and the translators will receive Rs 10 lakh.
ii.Authors shortlisted for the JCB Prize for Literature receive Rs 1 lakh, their translators (if any) Rs 50,000.
Mahela Jayawardene, Shaun Pollock, Janette Brittin Inducted to ICC Hall Of FameThe International Cricket Council (ICC) announced cricket legends Janette Brittin (England), Shaun Pollock (South Africa) and Mahela Jayawardene (Sri Lanka) as new inductees to ‘ICC Hall of Fame’.
i.Former England cricketer Janette Brittin, who passed away in 2017, has played 27 Tests and 63 ODIs for England between 1979 and 1998.
- She holds the record for scoring Most 50’s in Women’s Test Cricket (11)
ii.Jayawardena retired as one of Sri Lanka’s greatest ever players, a key member of the team that won the T20 World Cup in 2014 and reached four other major ICC finals.
- He also scored over 10,000 runs in both Tests and ODIs (One Day Internationals)
iii.Pollock was one of the finest bowling all-rounders and the first player to achieve the 3,000 run and 300 wicket double in both Test and ODI cricket.
Note – The ICC Hall of Fame recognises the achievements of the legends of the game from cricket’s long and illustrious history. 106 players have been inducted since its launch in 2009
Chairman – Greg Barclay
Acting CEO – Geoff Allardice
Founded – 1909
Motto – Cricket for good
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
SpaceX – Launches 53 Starlink Satellites into Orbit, Launches 4 Astronauts to ISS via Crew-3 MissionIn November 2021, SpaceX (Space Exploration Technologies Corp.) launched 53 Starlink satellites on a Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida, United States.
- The rocket’s reusable first stage was successfully returned and landed on the ‘Just Read the Instructions’ drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean.
- The launch marks the 25th Falcon 9 mission for SpaceX so far in 2021.
About Starlink Satellite:
i.SpaceX has been building Starlink, which is a satellite-based global internet system to bring internet access to underserved areas of the world.
ii.The first full stack of 51 Starlink broadband (internet) satellites on the Falcon 9 rocket was launched by SpaceX on September 14, 2021, from Space Launch Complex 4E at Vandenberg Space Force Station in California, United States.
iii.SpaceX aims to launch around 30,000 Starlink satellites into orbit and expand its user pool to millions of customers.
-Crew-3 Mission: SpaceX Launch 4 Astronauts to ISS
i.On November 10, 2021, SpaceX’s Crew-3 mission carried 4 astronauts, such as NASA’s (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Raja Chari (Indian origin), Tom Marshburn, Kayla Barron, and European Space Agency’s Matthias Maurer on a 22-hour flight from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida and was docked successfully to the International Space Station (ISS).
ii.The Crew-3 astronauts will spend ~6 months aboard the space station and conduct new and exciting scientific research in areas such as materials science, health technologies, and plant science.
iii.The launch includes the 600th person to reach space in 60 years.
Note – It was the 1st private company to send a cargo ship to the ISS (in 2012).
About SpaceX (Space Exploration Technologies Corp):
It is an American aerospace manufacturer, space transportation services and communications company
Founder and CEO – Elon Musk
Establishment – 2002
Headquarters – Hawthorne, California, United States
Australia Wins its Maiden ICC T20 World Cup On 14th November 2021, Australia defeated New Zealand in the finals of 2021 International Cricket Council (ICC) T20 World Cup tournament that was held at Dubai International Stadium, UAE, to win its maiden T20 world cup.
i.New Zealand failed to win the tournament despite posting 172 runs on board, the highest ever score in ICC T20 world cup finals.
- Player of the Match – Mitchell Marsh (Australia) for his 77-run knock in the finals
- Player of the Tournament – David Warner (Australia) for his match winning contribution throughout the tournament
Note – 2021 T20 World Cup was set to be hosted by India, but due to COVID-19, the venue was later shifted to United Arab Emirates (UAE) & Oman.
ICC T20 Men’s Ranking:
ICC T20 Team Ranking:
>>Read Full News
Lewis Hamilton wins 2021 Brazilian Grand PrixOn 15th November 2021, Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton (United Kingdom) won the Brazilian Grand Prix 2021 in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Red Bull Racing’s driver Max Verstappen (Netherlands), secured 2nd position in the race, followed by Valtteri Bottas & Sergio Perez in the third and fourth position respectively.
i. This marks the 101st victory of Lewis Hamilton in Formula One racing, and the 6th win in 2021.
Note – In September 2021, Lewis Hamilton became the 1st Formula-One driver in the history to reach 100 wins, after winning the Russian Grand Prix (GP).
Lewis Hamilton’s Wins in 2021:
- Bahrain GP
- Portuguese GP
- Spanish GP
- British GP
- Russian GP
About Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA):
President – Jean Todt
Headquarters – Paris, France
Padma Vibhushan awardee ‘Babasaheb Purandare’ passed away in PuneIn November 2021,Renowned historian and Padma Vibhushan recipient Balwant Moreshwar Purandare passed away due to pneumonia in Pune, Maharashtra at the age of 99 years. He is also popularly known as Babasaheb Purandare.
About Balwant Moreshwar Purandare:
i.Babasaheb Purandare was born on July 29, 1922 Pune, Maharashtra. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan award in 2019, India’s second-highest civilian award, in the field of ‘Art’.
ii.He is a famous Marathi writer, known for his popular historic Marathi book “Raja Shivchhatrapati”, which was published in the 1950s. For this he was known as ‘Shiv Shahir’.
iii.Purandare also conceived and directed the theatrical history on Shivaji Maharaj’s life titled ‘Jaanta Raja’ in the mid-1980s.
BOOKS & AUTHORS
Debashish Mukerji authors “The Disruptor: How Vishwanath Pratap Singh Shook India”HarperCollins India will publish a book titled ‘The Disruptor: How Vishwanath Pratap Singh Shook India’ that was authored by Debashish Mukerji on 8th December 2021.
- The book presents a detailed account on India’s eighth Prime Minister (PM), Vishwanath Pratap Singh (V P Singh), who served as PM between December 1989 to November 1990.
- V P Singh was known for implementing the recommendations of the Mandal Commission Report 1980 that provided reservations in central government services for the first time to the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in 1990.
- He also served as the Defence Minister of India & the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
Books by V P Singh:
- Every Time I Wake Up Vishwanath Pratap Singh
- Vishwanath Pratap Singh: Politician, Painter, Poet
Punjab Sports Minister Launches Biography of Olympian Gurbachan Singh Randhawa
On 14th November 2021 Punjab sports and higher education minister Pargat Singh launched the biography of Olympic athlete Gurbachan Singh Randhawa titled ‘Uddna Baaz’ written by Navdeep Singh Gill and published by Unistar Books at Punjab Kala Bhawan.
- The Book is about Gurbachan Singh Randhawa’s journey along with the Document of Nation’s sports history.
i.Gurbachan Singh Randhawa was the first Athlete to receive the Arjuna Award in 1961 and he also received Padma Shri in 2005.
ii.He was the flag bearer of the Indian contingent of 1964 Tokyo Olympics who won 5th position in the 110-metre hurdles event.
iii.He won Gold in the 1962 Jakarta Asiad in Decathlon besides the Best Athlete title.
iv.He was awarded with Rashtrapati Puraskar for meritorious services in the Police and also honorary PhD degree as sports adviser of Punjabi University, Patiala.
Capital – Chandigarh
The name Punjab stands for Punj (Five) + Aab (Water) i.e. land of five rivers.
- 5 Rivers – Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, and Jhelum.
Congress Leader Salman Khurshid Authored New Book Titled “Sunrise Over Ayodhya: Nationhood in Our Times”Former Union Minister and senior Congress leader Salman Khurshid have released his new book titled “Sunrise Over Ayodhya: Nationhood in Our Times”. The book is published by Vintage Books, a subdivision of Random House publishing.
About the book:
i.The book is about the unity between Hindus and Muslims.
ii.The book favours the 2019 Supreme Court verdict on the Ayodhya dispute and aims to create awareness about the verdict among the people.
iii.The book explores the opportunities offered by the judgment to affirm India as a secular society.
About Salman Khurshid:
i.Salman Khurshid is a senior advocate designated by the Supreme Court.
ii.He served as the Minister of External Affairs(MEA) from 1993 to 1996.
iii.In 2009, he was again elected as a member of parliament and served as the Union Minister of State (with Independent Charges) of Corporate Affairs and Minority Affairs and during the 2011 cabinet reshuffle he was appointed as Union Minister of State (with Independent Charges) of Corporate Affairs and Minority Affairs.
He has authored more than 15 books which include
- Visible Muslim, Invisible Citizen: Understanding Islam in Indian Democracy
- Sons of Babur a Play in Search of India
World Diabetes Day 2021 – November 14United Nations (UN) World Diabetes Day is celebrated annually on 14th November, to raise awareness of diabetes as a global public health issue and effective responsibility to be undertaken collectively and individually, for better prevention, diagnosis and management of the condition with the theme ‘Access to Diabetes Care’ for 2021-2023.
- 2021 celebrates the 100th year of insulin discovery and highlights the huge gap between the people who need access to insulin to control their diabetes along with essential technologies such as blood glucose meters and test strips.
- On January 23, 1922, Leonard Thompson (14-year-old ) became the first person to receive an insulin injection as treatment for diabetes.
World Diabetes Day 2021: Blue Building
On this day, famous buildings and monuments all over the world are lit up in blue to spread the message about World Diabetes day to people. The blue circle is the global symbol for diabetes awareness.
About International Diabetes Foundation (IDF):
President – Andrew Boulton, United Kingdom
Headquarters – Brussels, Belgium
>>Read Full News
Children’s Day 2021 – November 14In India, Children’s Day or Bal Diwas is annually celebrated on 14th November, the birth anniversary of India’s first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru. He was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad, British India.
The day also recognises Jawaharlal Nehru’s efforts and works for the welfare, education and development of children and young people.
- The Children’s Day 2021 marks the 132nd birth anniversary of Jawaharlal Nehru who is fondly known as “Chacha Nehru”.
i.Since 1954, the United Nations(UN) has been observing the 20th November of every year as World Children’s Day also known as Universal Children’s Day.
ii.In 1964, following the death of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the Parliament of India passed the resolution to observe the birth anniversary of Jawaharlal Nehru, 14th November as Children’s day in India.
>>Read Full News
1st Janjatiya Gaurav Divas – 15th November 2021India observed the first ever Janjatiya Gaurav Divas (Tribal Pride Day) on 15th November 2021. The day marks the birth anniversary of Amar Shaheed Bhagwan Birsa Munda (Birsa Munda), a tribal leader who fought against British rule in India.
- The day also recognises the contribution of the tribal community who were a part of the freedom struggle and their efforts to preserve their cultural heritage.
On 10th November 2021, the Union Cabinet of India chaired by Prime Minister(PM) Narendra Modi declared the 15th November of every year as the Janjatiya Gaurav Divas to mark the birth anniversary of Birsa Munda who is considered as God(Bhagwan) by tribal communities across India.
Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas Mahasammelan:
Prime Minister(PM) Narendra Modi visited Madhya Pradesh(MP) to participate in Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas Mahasammelan held at Jamburi Maidan, Bhopal, MP as a part of the Janjatiya Gaurav Divas.
PM Inaugurated Bhopal’s Habibganj Railway Station Renamed After Rani Kamlapati:
On the occasion of 1st Janjatiya Gaurav Divas, PM Modi inaugurated the redeveloped Rani Kamlapati Railway Station, Bhopal, MP.
The Habibganj railway station was renamed after Rani Kamlapati, the first Gond queen of Bhopal.
>>Read Full News
Arunachal Pradesh Govt. adopts ‘Pakke Declaration’ on Climate ChangeThe government of Arunachal Pradesh (AP) approved the ‘Pakke Tiger Reserve 2047 Declaration on Climate Change Resilient and Responsive Arunachal Pradesh’, which aims to promote “climate-resilient development” in the state. The announcement is the first of its kind by any state government in the country.
- For the first time, the State’s Cabinet meeting was conducted outside the capital Itanagar, at Pakke Tiger Reserve, where the ‘Pakke Declaration’ was adopted.
i.The ‘Pakke Declaration’ focuses on a multi-sectoral approach to low-emission and climate-resilient development based on five broad themes, or Panch Dharas.
ii.The Panch Dharas resting on 75 strategies include-
- Environment, forest, and climate change,
- Health and well-being of all,
- Sustainable and adaptive living,
- Livelihoods and opportunities,
- Evidence generation and collaborative action.
‘Kaiser-i-Hind’ declared as State Butterfly of Arunachal Pradesh
A rare butterfly species named Kaiser-e-Hind (Teinopalpus imperialis), was chosen as the State Butterfly of Arunachal Pradesh.
About Arunachal Pradesh:
Airport- Tezu Airport, Itanagar Airport
Biosphere Reserve- Dihang Dibang Biosphere Reserve
>>Read Full News
Current Affairs Today (AffairsCloud Today)
|S.no||Current Affairs 16 November 2021|
|1||India’s first grass conservatory developed in Ranikhet, Uttarakhand|
|2||Gen. Bipin Rawat inaugurates 14th edition of cyber security conference ‘c0c0n’|
|3||Highlights of 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) – PART 2|
|4||WB and ADB launches ‘WePOWER India Partnership Forum’ to increase women participation in energy sector|
|5||Vihaan and Nav Agarwal win International Children’s Peace Prize for waste project|
|6||Author M Mukundan wins JCB Prize for Literature 2021 for his novel ‘Delhi: A Soliloquy’|
|7||Mahela Jayawardena, Shaun Pollock, Janette Brittin To Be Inducted Into ICC Hall Of Fame|
|8||SpaceX – Launches 53 Starlink Satellites into Orbit, Launches 4 Astronauts to ISS via Crew-3 Mission|
|9||Australia Wins its Maiden ICC T20 World Cup|
|10||Lewis Hamilton wins 2021 Brazilian Grand Prix|
|11||Padma Vibhushan awardee ‘Babasaheb Purandare’ passed away in Pune|
|12||Debashish Mukerji authors “The Disruptor: How Vishwanath Pratap Singh Shook India”|
|13||Punjab Sports Minister Launches Biography of Olympian Gurbachan Singh Randhawa|
|14||Congress Leader Salman Khurshid Authored New Book Titled “Sunrise Over Ayodhya: Nationhood in Our Times”|
|15||World Diabetes Day 2021 – November 14|
|16||Children’s Day 2021 – November 14|
|17||1st Janjatiya Gaurav Divas – 15th November 2021|
|18||Arunachal Pradesh Govt. adopts ‘Pakke Declaration’ on Climate Change|