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Critical components to India’s Gaganyaan mission to be supplied by Russia

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India is in talks with Russia for a wider range of cooperation in the space sector to supply semi-cryogenic engine technology and critical components for India’s first human space mission Gaganyaan for the year 2021.Critical components to India's Gaganyaan mission to be supplied by Russia

Key points
India and Russia are expected to negotiate the contracts for the Supply of crew seats, windows and spacesuits, crew rescue system, aerodynamic tests for the 2021 Gaganyaan mission.
i. Meet in September:
According toRoscosmos (Russian state run space corporation), a top level meeting between Russia and India regarding the mission cooperation is likely to be held during the 5th Eastern Economic Forum(EEF) from September 4-6 in Vladivostok, Russia.
ii. Other discussions:
After a meeting between Roscomos Director General(DG) Dmitry Rogozin and India’s National Security Advisor(NSA) Ajit Doval in Moscow on August 21, the following sections are to be discussed in the EEF.They are,

  • cooperation in the sphere of piloted space flights,
  • satellite navigation and
  • engine technology.

iii. Training:
As per a contract signed on June 27 this year between Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Russian space agency Glavkosmos(part of Roscosmos),  4 Indians are to be trained at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Centre.
iv. Glavkosmos work: it will help ISRO to select, test, train and qualify Indian astronauts at the Yuri Gagarin centre and the state-run Institute of Medical and Biological Problems.

France partners to train space medicine personnel for Gaganyaan
France’s partnership: During the Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s recent visit to France, French space agency CNES-National Centre for Space Studies (French: Centre national d’études spatiales) announced partnership to train Indian space medicine personnel for Gaganyaan.
Training: For this, the training would be held at MEDES space clinic (institute for space medicine and physiology) and CADMOS (Centre for the Development of Microgravity Applications and Space operation.)
The training session involves life support systems for Astronauts, health monitoring, medicine, radiation protection, protection from space debris and personal hygiene systems.

About ISRO:
Headquarters- Bengaluru.
Founder- Vikram Sarabhai.
Director- Kailasavadivoo Sivan (K.Sivan).
Subsidiary- Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre.

About Gaganyaan mission:
Manufacture- Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd(HAL) and ISRO.
First launch- December 2020 (uncrewed); December 2021 (crewed).