According to ‘2021 Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID): Internal displacement in a changing climate’ released by Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), globally the number of people living in Internal displacement reached 55 Million at the end of 2020.
- More than 85%(~48 Million) were displaced due to conflict and violence, and around 7 million due to Natural disasters.
- Around 5 million new displacements were recorded in 2020, which is the highest in 10 years.
- Conflicts and natural disasters forced someone to flee within their own country every second of 2020.
- The highest number of internally displaced people in 2020 was in China (5 Million), followed by Philippines & Bangladesh.
- The Internal Displacements is IDMC’s Global Annual Report.
- Extreme natural disasters such as cyclones, monsoon rains and floods accounted for more 75% of the people who fled internally in 2020.
- In 2020, Natural Disasters triggered three times more displacements than conflict and violence.
Conflicts & Violence
Around 10 million of 40.5 million new displacements in 2020 were due to Conflicts and Violence.
- Escalating violence in Ethiopia, Mozambique and Burkina Faso were reasons for some of the World’s fastest growing displacement crises in 2020.
- 95% of the 2020’s new conflict displacements occurred in countries vulnerable to impacts of climate change.
IDP in India
i.India has the highest levels of displacement due to Disaster in South Asia and Global level.
- There were 3.9 million new disaster displacements in India in 2020.
- Cyclone Amphan triggered 2.4 million evacuations, while Cyclone Nisarga prompted 1, 70, 000 evacuations.
- Total number of Internally Displaced People (IDP) due to natural disaster stands at 9, 29, 000
ii.India recorded 3, 900 new displacements due to Conflicts & Violence. Total number of IDPs due to Conflict & Violence – 4, 73, 000.
- Displacements were reported in the Indian-controlled Kashmir & violences due to the Citizenship Amendment Act led to 1, 800 people being sheltered in camps.
iii.South Asia accounted for 9.6 million new displacements in 2020 (23.8% of the global total)
Recent Related News:
September 25, 2020, According to the World Risk Index (WRI) 2020, India has been ranked at the 89th spot among 181 Countries. The World Risk Index is a statistical model for the assessment of global risk of disasters such as earthquakes, storms, floods, droughts and sea-level rise.
About Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC)
Director – Alexandra Bilak
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland