Current Affairs PDF

English Questions: Vocabulary set-119

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Hello Aspirants.

Welcome to Online English Section with explanation Here we are providing some difficult words From The Hindu Newspaper, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!

1. Cipher – गूढ़लेख

Meaning – a secret or disguised way of writing; a code.

Synonyms – code, secret writing; coded message, cryptograph, cryptogram.

Usage – “he wrote cryptic notes in a cipher”

2. Ravage – नाश

Meaning – cause severe and extensive damage to.

Synonyms – lay waste, devastate, ruin, leave in ruins, destroy, wreak havoc on, leave desolate, level, raze, demolish, wipe out, wreck, damage; pillage, plunder, harry, maraud, ransack, sack, loot; literarydespoil, rape; archaicspoil, havoc; raredepredate, spoliate.

Usage – “the hurricane ravaged southern Florida”

3. Hoard – ढेर

Meaning – a stock or store of money or valued objects, typically one that is secret or carefully guarded.

Synonyms – cache, stockpile, stock, store, collection, supply, reserve, reservoir, fund, accumulation, heap, pile, mass, aggregation, conglomeration, treasure house, treasure trove; informalstash; rareamassment.

Usage – “he came back to rescue his little hoard of gold”

4. Adamant – अटल

Meaning – refusing to be persuaded or to change one’s mind.

Synonyms – unshakeable, immovable, inflexible, unwavering, uncompromising, resolute, resolved, determined, firm, rigid, steadfast; unswerving, stubborn, unrelenting, unyielding, unbending, obdurate, inexorable, intransigent, dead set, iron-willed, strong-willed, steely; rock-ribbed; informalstiff-necked.

Usage – “he is adamant that he is not going to resign”

5. Affray – कलह

Meaning – an instance of group fighting in a public place that disturbs the peace.

Synonyms – fight, brawl, battle, engagement, encounter, confrontation, melee, clash, skirmish, scuffle, tussle, fracas, altercation; disturbance, commotion, breach of the peace, riot; informalscrap, dust-up, punch-up, set-to, shindy, shindig.

Usage – “Lowe was charged with causing an affray”

6. Exodus – निर्गमन

Meaning – a mass departure of people.

Synonyms – mass departure, withdrawal, evacuation, leaving, exit; migration, emigration, hegira, diaspora; flight, escape, retreat, fleeing; informalchicken run.

Usage – “the annual exodus of sun-seeking Canadians to Florida”

7. Filial – संतानीय

Meaning – relating to or due from a son or daughter.

Synonyms – dutiful, devoted, loyal, faithful, compliant, respectful, dedicated, affectionate, loving; befitting a son or daughter, familial.

Usage – “a display of filial affection”

8. Errant – भटकनेवाला

Meaning – erring or straying from the accepted course or standards.

Synonyms – offending, guilty, culpable, misbehaving, delinquent, lawless, lawbreaking, criminal, transgressing, aberrant, deviant, erring, sinning; mischievous, badly behaved, troublesome, difficult, unmanageable, unruly, disobedient, uncontrollable, out of control.

Usage – “an errant husband coming back from a night on the tiles”

9. Quisling – ग़द्दार

Meaning – a traitor who collaborates with an enemy force occupying their country.

Synonyms – collaborator, fraternizer, colluder, sympathizer; traitor, turncoat, betrayer, informer, back-stabber, double-crosser, double-dealer, renegade, defector, deserter, apostate, Judas, snake in the grass, fifth columnist; informaltwo-timer; informaldog.

Usage – “he had the Quisling owner of the factory arrested”

10. Quench – बुझाना

Meaning – satisfy (one’s thirst) by drinking.

Synonyms – extinguish, put out, snuff out, smother, douse, dampen down.

Usage – “the flames were quickly quenched with buckets of water”