World Day of War Orphans is observed annually on January 6 around the world to raise awareness about the difficult situation of the children who have been orphaned due to war and the need to care for these children who live in traumatic conditions in war-torn areas.
i.The day also aims to address the war orphans as it has become a growing worldwide humanitarian and social crisis.
ii.The day highlights the emotional, social, and physical challenges faced by these children while growing up
iii.It attempts to ensure that war orphans are not forgotten and neglected in the future.
World Day of War Orphans was initiated by France based SOS Enfants En Détresse (SOSEED), a sponsorship program for orphans.
UNICEF’s Definition of Orphan
As per the United Nations Children’s Fund(UNICEF), orphan is defined as a child under 18 years of age who lost one or both parents to any cause of death.
Statistics & Estimates Regarding Orphans:
i.As per UNICEF estimates, the number of orphans in developed countries are relatively less. But in places that are subjected to wars and great epidemics, the numbers are notably higher.
ii.There are more than 250 million children living in countries affected by conflict.
iii.1 in 4 of the world’s children live in a conflict or disaster zone.
iv.There are 153 million orphaned children around the world.
v.In 2015, there were about 140 million orphans globally.
vi.As per the study by SOS Children’s Villages, there are more than 2 crore orphans in India.
About SOS Enfants En Détresse (SOSEED):
Headquarters– Paris, France
Set up– 2002