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Swachh Bharat Mission launches GOBAR-DHAN to promote wealth and energy from waste

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On April 30, 2018, Union Minister for Drinking Water and Sanitation, Uma Bharti launched the GOBAR (Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources) – DHAN scheme at the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) in Karnal, Haryana. Ms. Bharti launched this scheme in presence of Haryana Chief Minister, Manohar Lal Khattar.

Swachh Bharat Mission launches GOBAR-DHAN to promote wealth and energy from wasteBackground Information:

This scheme was announced by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley while presenting Union Budget 2018.

  • The scheme derives inspiration from European countries and China, wherein animal dung and other organic waste is used to generate energy.
  • As per 19th Livestock Census (2012) estimates, India’s cattle population is 300 million, which produces 3 million tonnes dung per day.
  • This scheme will be run by Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin). Under Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), over 3.5 lakh villages, 374 districts and 16 States/UTs across India have already been declared open defecation free (ODF).
  • GOBAR-DHAN scheme will be a part of ODF-plus strategy, focusing on management of solid and liquid waste in villages.

GOBAR-DHAN scheme – Objectives and Salient Features:

Under this scheme, bio-gas plants will be set up at individual or community level and also at the level of Self Help Groups and NGOs like Gaushalas.

  • Funds required to setup bio-gas plants will be provided by central and state governments in the ratio of 60:40.
  • Government has set a target to setup nearly 700 bio-gas units in different states under the scheme during 2018-19.
  • GOBAR-DHAN scheme has twin objectives – to make villages clean and generate energy from cattle and other waste.
  • Besides, execution of scheme will create new rural livelihood opportunities and enhance income for farmers and other rural people.