On December 19, 2018, the NITI Aayog unveiled its comprehensive national Strategy for New India dubbed as ‘Strategy for New India @75’, defining clear objectives for 2022-23. The document aims for establishing a New India by 2022 and to propel India towards a USD 5 trillion economy by 2030.
- This was released by the Union Finance Minister Shri Arun Jaitley, in the presence of NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman Dr Rajiv Kumar, Members Dr Ramesh Chand and Dr VK Saraswat and CEO Shri Amitabh Kant.
- Over 800 stakeholders from within the government – central, state and district levels – and about 550 external experts were consulted during the preparation of the document for the past one year.
About the Document:
- The document contains 41 chapters which have been categorized in 4 sections. They are: Drivers, Infrastructure, Inclusion and Governance.
- The first section on Drivers focuses on: growth and employment, doubling of farmers’ incomes; upgrading the science, technology and innovation eco-system; and promoting sunrise sectors like fintech and tourism.
- The second section on Infrastructure deals with the ways to enhance the competitiveness of Indian business as also ensuring the citizens’ ease of living.
- The third section on Inclusion has three themes revolving around the dimensions of health, education and mainstreaming of traditionally marginalized sections of the population.
- The final section on Governance deals with how the governance structures can be streamlined and processes optimized to achieve better developmental outcomes.
Detailed recommendations for each category:
Following recommendations have been made in each of the categories:
- To achieve a GDP growth rate of about 8% on average during 2018-23 and increase Tax-GDP ratio to 20% of GDP,
- To raise the economy’s size in real terms from USD 2.7trillion in 2017-18 to nearly USD 4 trillion by 2022-23.
- Increase the investment rate as measured by gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) from the present 29% to 36% of GDP by 2022.
- In agriculture, farmers to be converted to ‘agripreneurs’ by further expanding National Agriculture Markets and
- Replacing the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee Act with the Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing Act.
- Give a strong push to ‘Zero Budget Natural Farming’ techniques that reduce costs, improve land quality and increase farmers’ incomes,
- Launch a mission “Explore in India” by revamping minerals exploration and licensing policy.
- Create a non-lapsable ‘District Innovation Fund’.
- In technology, achieve a position among top 50 in the Global Innovation Index.
- Establishment of the Rail Development Authority (RDA) for making informed decisions on an integrated, transparent and dynamic pricing mechanism for the railways.
- Implement 22 recommendation of the High-Level safety Review committee chaired by Dr. Kakodkar.
- Double the share of freight transported by coastal shipping and inland waterways.
- Completion of Bharat Net programme in 2019 and connecting all 2.5 lakh gram panchayats digitally.
- Increase India’s share in global tourist arrivals from 1.2% to 3%,
- Develop 100 smart tourist destination Sites, make Tourism infrastructure project over Rs. 1 crore as ‘ infrastructure’
- Make power to all, achieve 175 GW renewable energy generation capacity,
- Double length of National Highways,
- Establish a dedicated Metropolitan Urban Transport Authority in 1 million plus population cities.
- Implementing the Ayushman Bharat programme including the establishment of 150,000 health and wellness centres across the country, and rolling out the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Abhiyaan (PM-JAY).
- Achieve doctor-population ratio of 1:1400 & nurse population ratio of 1:500.
- creation of a new innovation ecosystem at the ground level by establishing at least 10,000 Atal Tinkering Labs by 2020.
- Integrate an Arthik Shiksha Abhiyan in regular school curriculum.
- Increase gross enrolment ratio in higher education from 25% in 2016-17 to 35% in 2022-23
- Setting up a national electronic teacher registry
- Set up a new autonomous body, viz., the Arbitration Council of India to make the arbitration process cost effective and speedy, and to pre-empt the need for court intervention.
- Address the backlog of pending cases – shift part of workload out of regular court system
- Expand the scope of Swachh Bharat Mission to cover initiatives for landfills, plastic waste and municipal waste and generating wealth from waste.
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♦ Chairman: PM Narendra Modi.
♦ Vice-Chairman: Rajiv Kumar.
♦ CEO: Amitabh Kant.