On December 21, 2018, the Sustainable Development Goal, SDG India Index: Baseline Report 2018 was released by the NITI Aayog in New Delhi. It was released by:
- NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman Rajiv Kumar,
- NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant,
- NITI Aayog Members Dr Ramesh Chand, Dr VK Paul and Dr VK Saraswat,
- UN Resident Coordinator Yuri Afanasiev and
- MoSPI Secretary & CSI Shri Pravin Srivastava.
To promote Competitive and Cooperative Federalism among States and UTs.
About the SDG India Index 2018 report:
- It was developed in collaboration with the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), Global Green Growth Institute and United Nations in India.
- It aligned with the Prime Minister’s vision of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, which embodies the five P’s of the global SDG movement – People,Planet, Prosperity,Partnership and Peace.
- It is a single measurable Index to map progress of States & UTs towards 2030 SDGs.
- The progress of all States and UTs were tracked on 62 Priority Indicators selected by NITI Aayog, which in turn was guided by MoSPI’s National Indicator Framework comprising 306 indicators and based on multiple-round consultations with Union Ministries/Departments and States/UTs.
- The Index spans around 13 out of 17 SDGs.
- Progress on SDGs 12, 13 & 14 could not be measured as relevant State/UT level data were not available.
- SDG 17 was left out as it focuses on international partnerships.
Computation of the SDG India Index 2018 report:
i. A composite score was computed between the range of 0-100 for each State and UT based on the 13 selected goals.
ii. The higher the score of a State/UT, the greater the distance to target achieved which means if a State/UT achieves a score of 100, it signifies that it has achieved the 2030 national targets.
iii. There are 4 categories of the index based on the scores the state/UT has achieved. They are:
- Achiever (100),
- Front Runner (65-99),
- Performer (50-64) and
- Aspirant (0-49).
Results of the SDG India Index 2018 report:
i. The SDG Index score for Sustainable Development Goals 2030 ranged
- Between 42 and 69 for State and
- Between 57 to 68 for Union Territories.
ii. Among the states:
- Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu are at the top of the list and running as ‘Front Runners’ with the scores of 69 each for Kerala and Himachal Pradesh and 66 for Tamil Nadu.
- Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh ranked at the bottom of the list as ‘Aspirant’ states with scores of 49, 48, and 42 respectively.
- Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur,Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Telangana, Tripura, Uttarakhand, West Bengal all ranked in the ‘Performer’ category with scores ranging from 64 to 50.
Among the Union Territories:
- Chandigarh and Puducherry ranked the highest with 68 and 65 scores respectively earning the category of ‘Front Runner’
- Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Delhi and Lakshadweep were ranked in the ‘Performer’ category.
♦ Chairman: PM Narendra Modi.
♦ Vice-Chairman: Rajiv Kumar.
♦ CEO: Amitabh Kant.