# Reasoning Questions: Syllogism Set 12

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1. Statements: All marks are grades. No grade is a score. All letters are scores. All scores are characters.
Conclusions:
II. Some letters are marks is a possibility.
III. Some grades are not characters.
A) Only I and III follow.
B) Only II and III follows
C) Only I follows
D) None follows.
D) None follows.
Explanation:

I is not definite
II – if any letter is marks, then some scores will be grades which is not possible as shown below
III – does not follow because all grades are characters is a possibility.

2. Statements: Some numbers are digits. All digits are alphabets. No alphabet is a vowel. All consonants are vowels.
Conclusions:
I. All numbers are consonants is a possibility.
II. No consonant is digit.
III. No alphabet is number
A) Only II and III follow
B) Only I and II follow
C) Only II follow.
D) All follow.
C) Only II follow.
Explanation:

I – if all numbers are consonants, then some vowels will be alphabets which is not possible.
II – is true because if any consonant is digit, then some vowels will be alphabets which is not possible.
III – is false, because, some alphabets are definitely numbers as

3. Statements: Some benches are walls. All walls are houses. Some houses are jungles. All jungles are roads.
Conclusions:
II. Some jungles are not benches
III. All jungles being walls is a possibility.
A) Only III follow
B) Only I and II follow
C) Only either I or II and III follow
D) None follows.
A) Only III follow
Explanation:

I is not definite
II – does not follow because all jungles are benches is a possibility as
III is a possibility.

4. Statements: All bricks are flowers. Some houses are flowers. All pens are houses. No pot is house
Conclusions:
I. No pot is pen
II. Some pens are flowers.
III. All pots are flowers is a possibility.
A) All follows
B) Only I and III follow
C) Only II and III follow.
D) None follows
B) Only I and III follow
Explanation:

I is definite.
II is not definite as
III is a possibility.

5. Statements: All lions are ducks. No duck is a horse. All horses are fruits. Some horses are tanks.
Conclusions:
I. All ducks being fruits is a possibility
II. Some tanks are lions.
III. No fruit is lion
A) Only II and III follow.
B) Only I and III follow
C) All follows.
D) Only I follow
D) Only I follow
Explanation:

I is a possibility as
II is not definite.
III is not definite. In above venn lions are fruits is a possibility

6. Statements: All apartments are huts. No hut is a building. All buildings are cottages. Some cottages are houses.
Conclusions:
I. Some buildings are houses
II. All apartments being cottages is a possibility.
III. All houses are huts is a possibility.
A) Only II follows.
B) Only II and III follow
C) All follows.
D) Only I and III follow
B) Only II and III follows
Explanation:

I is not definite
II is a possibility as
III is a possibility as

7. Statements: All letters are black. All black are blue. No blue is green. Some red are letters.
Conclusions:
I. No letter is green
II. Some red are blue
III. Some black are red.
A) Only II and III follow.
B) Only I follow.
C) All follows.
D) Only I and III follow
C) All follows.
Explanation:

I is definite
II and III are definite as
Shaded portion is all red, black and blue

8. Statements: Some necklaces are bangles. All bangles are ornaments. Some ornaments are treasures. No flower is bangle
Conclusions:
I. All flowers being ornaments is a possibility
II. All necklaces being flowers is a possibility
III. No bangle is treasure
A) Only I follow.
B) Only either I or II follows
C) All follows.
D) Only I and III follow
A) Only I follow.
Explanation:

I is a possibility
II – not possible, because if all necklaces are flowers, then some bangles will be flowers which is not possible.
III is not definite

9. Statements: All beaks are trees. All trees are flowers. No tree is fruit. All bangles are flowers
Conclusions:
I. Some bangles are beaks.
II. All bangles are fruits.
III. Some flowers are not fruits.
A) Only I and III follow.
B) Only III follows
C) None follows.
D) Only II and III follow
B) Only III follows
Explanation:

I and II are not definite.
III – all flowers are fruits is not a possibility, so III follow

10. Statements: Some trains are radios. Some radios are rackets. All rings are rackets. No radio is TV.
Conclusions:
I. All trains are TV is a possibility.
III. Some TV are not rackets.
A) Only II and III follow.
B) Only I follow.
C) All follow.
D) None follow
D) None follow
Explanation:

I is not true, because then some radios will be TV
II is not definite
III – all TV are rackets is a possibility, so does not follow.

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