# Reasoning Questions: Syllogism Set 11

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1. Statements: Some trees are plants. All trees are houses. No plant is pot. All tools are pots.
Conclusions:
I. Some plants are tools is a possibility.
II. All trees are tools is a possibility.
III. No plant is house.
IV. All plants are houses is a possibility.
A) Only I and III follow.
B) Either III or IV follows
C) Only IV follows
D) None follows.
C) Only IV follows
Explanation:

If some plants are tools, then some plants will be pots too which is not possible.
If all trees are tools, then also some plants will be pots too which is not possible.
Some plants are definitely houses.
IV is a possibility

2. Statements: All trees are plants. All houses are trees. Some pots are plants. All tools are plants.
Conclusions:
I. Some plants are not houses
II. Some tools being trees is a possibility
III. All pots are tools is a possibility.
IV. All houses are tools is a possibility.
A) Only III and IV follow
B) Only II, III, and IV follow
C) Only I and IV follow.
D) All follow.
B) Only II, III, and IV follow
Explanation:

All plants are houses is a possibility, so I does not follow.
II is a possibility.
III is a possibility as
IV is a possibility as

3. Statements: Some roofs are figures. All figures are lions. All lions are goats. No tool is lion.
Conclusions:
I. Some tools are figures is a possibility.
II. All tools being goats is a possibility
III. No roof is tool.
IV. Some goats are figures
A) Only II and IV follow
B) Only I and II follow
C) Only either I or II and IV follow
D) None follows.
A) Only II and IV follow
Explanation:

If some tools are figures, then some lions will be tools which is not possible.
II is a possibility.
III is not definite. Roofs can be tools

4. Statements: No photo is frame. All frames are sites. Some buckets are photos. Some sites are buckets.
Conclusions:
I. No photo is site.
II. All buckets being frames is a possibility
III. Some sites are photos
IV. Some buckets are frames.
A) All follows
B) Only II and III follow
C) Only II, III and IV follow.
D) Only either I or III follows
D) Only either I or III follows
Explanation:

I and III are false, subject and predicate same so either or occurs
IV is not definite.
II – If all buckets are frames, then some frames will be photos which is not possible.

5. Statements: All seats are covers. No cover is bun. Some buns are roofs. Some sites are covers.
Conclusions:
I. All sites being buns is a possibility
II. All sites being roof is a possibility
III. Some sites are not buns.
IV. No seat is bun
A) Only II, III and either I or IV follow.
B) Only III follows
C) All follows.
D) Only II, III and IV follow
D) Only II, III and IV follow
Explanation:

If all sites are buns, then some covers will be buns which is not possible.
II is a possibility.
All sites are buns is not a possibility, so III follows.
No seat is bun, because no cover is bun

6. Statements: Some rockets are poles. Some poles are ropes. Some ropes are mountains. Some mountains are papers.
Conclusions:
I. Some rockets are ropes
II. Some ropes are papers
III. Some mountains are not poles.
IV. All papers are rockets.
A) Only II, III and either I or IV follow.
B) Only III follows
C) None follows.
D) Only II, III and IV follow
C) None follows.
Explanation:

All mountains are ropes is a possibility, so III does not follow
All other are not definite.

7. Statements: All horses are goats. Some goats are dogs. No dog is cat. Some cats are tigers.
Conclusions:
I. No cat is goat
II. Some goats are not cats.
III. All dogs are horses is a possibility.
IV. All dogs are tigers is a possibility.
A) Only II, III and either I or IV follow.
B) Only III follows
C) All follows.
D) Only II, III and IV follow
D) Only II, III and IV follow
Explanation:

I is not definite
All goats are cats is not a possibility, so II follows.
III is a possibility.
IV is a possibility as

8. Statements: All bricks are flowers. Some houses are flowers. All pens are houses. No jungle is flower.
Conclusions:
I. All jungles being houses is a possibility
II. Some pens are not jungles
III. Some houses are not jungles.
IV. Some pens are flowers
A) Only II, III and IV follow.
B) Only I and III follows
C) All follows.
D) Only I, III and IV follow
B) Only I and III follows
Explanation:

I is a possibility as
II – All pens are jungles is a possibility, so II does not follow. (as seen in above venn, if all pens are jungles, then also all statements agree, so it is a possibility)
III – All houses are jungles is not a possibility, so III follows. (if all houses are jungles, some flowers will be jungles which is not possible)
IV is not definite

9. Statements: All seats are covers. Some covers are buns. No bun is roof. Some sites are covers.
Conclusions:
I. No seat is site.
II. All covers being roofs is a possibility
III. Some roofs are not covers.
IV. Some sites are buns
A) Only II, III and either I or IV follow.
B) Only III follows
C) None follows.
D) Only II, III and IV follow
C) None follows.
Explanation:

I is not definite.
II is not a possibility because if all covers are roofs, then some buns will be roofs (not possible)
III – All roofs are covers is a possibility, so III does not follow.
IV is not definite.

10. Statements: Some benches are walls. All walls are houses. No bench is jungle. No house is road.
Conclusions:
II. Some walls are not jungles.
III. Some jungles are not houses.
A) Only II and III follow.
B) Only I follows
C) Only I, II and III follow.
D) Only I and II follow
D) Only I and II follow
Explanation:

I is true because no house is road.
II – All walls are jungles is not a possibility, so II follows.
III – All jungles are houses is a possibility, so III does not follow.
IV is not definite

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