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Questions asked in IPPB Scale I Prelims Exam – Jan 8, 2017

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PPB conducting Prelims exam for the post of PO across India on January 7-8, 2017. 4 Shifts per day scheduled in various exam centre.

We are collected some of the Questions asked in Todays exam(08.01.2017)

Questions Asked in English Section:

Cloze test :

Question: 1

Transport is a perpetual problem in Africa. Potholed roads and missing rail links get in the way of economic growth. Intra-regional trade accounts for just 13% of total commerce, compared with 53% in emerging Asia. Landlocked countries suffer the most. Transport costs can make up 50-75% of the retail price of goods in Malawi, Rwanda and Uganda. Shipping a car from China to Tanzania on the Indian Ocean coast costs $4,000, but getting it from there to nearby Uganda can cost another $5,000.
Some trade paths are improving. Governments are slowly making good on long-standing promises to create free-trade zones. Officials from countries in the East African Community and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa have removed some border restrictions and lowered tariffs. Roads are being built. Aswan and Wadi Halfa will soon be connected by a double-lane tarmac highway with its own border terminal, the first dependable road across the Sahara. It will link to a brand new 1,000km-long desert road going south to Khartoum along the green banks of the Nile.
Africa needs much more of this. The continent could easily end hunger if only farmers were able to get produce across borders, according to a new World Bank report, “Africa Can Help Feed Africa”. Paul Brenton, the author, says  obstacles such as export and import bans, variable import tariffs and quotas, restrictive rules of origin and price controls all prevent consumers in one place from benefiting from staple foods and other resources such as fertiliser in nearby areas. Subsistence farmers who sell surplus crops typically receive less than 20% of the market price. The rest is eaten up by transport and transaction costs, limiting the incentive for farmers to grow more food. One of the most stubbornly persistent problems is roadside checkpoints, which cause delays and attract policemen demanding bribes.

Question 2:

It is just after eight in the morning and Chelsea, a young mother from Fort Wayne, Indiana, looks grey with stress as she drops her child at Glenwood Park, an elementary school in the city’s north-east. Like many in this drab rustbelt city, she used to rely on school buses to pull off an elaborate daily ballet, involving her mother, a niece and others, to get her children to and from classes. But as this academic year begins, budget cuts have forced Fort Wayne to take scores of school buses out of service. When lessons resumed about 7,000 pupils found themselves without a bus ride. The changes make getting to work “a lot harder”, says Chelsea, steering her ageing Chrysler around a new three-lane access loop at Glenwood Park, built to handle the extra car traffic.
These bus cuts are more than a local drama. Look closely, and Fort Wayne’s woes point to a larger debate about how to pay for and supply public services. Today around half of all American schoolchildren—about 25m—ride an estimated 480,000 school buses to lessons. But school districts across the country face cuts to their transport budgets. Some voters, notably older folk, say they are not fussed. Such oldies grumble that today’s children are soft if they need busing about, claiming—to quote a Republican state representative from Indiana—that they walked miles to school each day even in deep snow, and “uphill both ways”. But among younger voters, especially parents, school buses remain popular. Paying for them is less popular.

Question 3:

FAST trains in Europe ended 2014 with a flourish. In December Eurostar, which connects London, Paris and Brussels, started selling tickets for a new, year-round service to the Mediterranean,starting this May. Poland introduced its first high-speed service, between Warsaw and Krakow; Serbia signed an agreement with China to build a fast line from Belgrade to Budapest; and Turkey inaugurated a line from Istanbul to Konya, having opened one between Istanbul and Ankara in July.

High-speed rail is controversial, as those now trying to introduce it to America know to their cost. This week, as work began on California’s “bullet train” project, taxpayer groups condemned it as a monstrous waste of money. Indeed, high-speed trains usually depend on public subsidy, yet their tickets are often unaffordable for many potential users, so they may not fill enough seats to avoidlosses. The counter-argument is that over distances of 300-800km, fast trains between big population centres are quicker and less polluting than most forms of transport. No one is keener on them than the European Commission.

Supported by EU and national subsidies, Europe has added more than 6,000km of high-speed track—on which trains travel at least some of the time at 250kph (155mph) or more—to the 1,000km or so it had in 1990. Much more is under construction or planned (see chart). In 2015 a new line from Leipzig to Erfurt is due to open. A Milan-Brescia service may begin in 2016. By 2017 no fewer than four new French lines will come into service. The EU, which is itching to spend more on infrastructure, plans to finance a €4.5 billion ($5.3 billion) fast-rail link between Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.

Question 4:

SQUEEGEE merchants of the seas”: that is the nickname shipping companies have bestowed on the pilots who guide ships into Brazilian ports. Their legal monopoly and unregulated fees place them among the country’s highest earners: 150,000 reais ($73,500) a month, estimates the shipowners’ association. It costs twice the OECD average to import a container to Brazil, says the World Bank—and since that excludes bribes and fees for go-betweens, the true figure is surely greater. Lack of upkeep and investment add to the misery.

Brazil’s government has woken up to the urgent need to improve the country’s infrastructure. It is auctioning road, railway and airport concessions. Last month it added ports to the list, promising to spend 54 billion reais to expand and dredge public ports and to improve landside access over the next five years.

Operating contracts for port terminals that have expired will be put out for tender, rather than rolled over. Contracts will go to whomever can ship the largest volume at the lowest price. Private ports will be able to compete with public ones (only companies with enough cargo to merit a dedicated port can build their own ports now). The government wants to soften the pilots’ monopoly by training more of them.

Questions Asked in Quants Section:

  1. A can do a work in 30 days.he worked for 17 days and B also joined him and the work completed in 8 more days, then in how many days B alone can do the work ?
  2. In a mixture of milk and water the ratio of milk and water is 20:3. If 46 liters of mixture is taken out and 4 liters of water is added to it. Now in that mixture water quantity is 20%.Then find the mixture quantity in original.
  3. Train A (speed 126 km/h)passes a pole in 16 sec. The time taken for passing the same pole by Train B whose length is 1/4 to Train A?

Number Series :

  1. 5  4  7  20  79  ?
  2. 18  9  9  13.5  27  ?
  3. 3  83  152  209  253  ?
  4. 318  160  82  44  ?
  5. 500  500  493  467  404  ?
  6. 22   11   11   16.5   33   ?
  7. 6   5   9   26   103   ?
  8. 401   401   394   368   305  ?
  9. 4   75   136   186   224   ?
  10. 158   80   42   24   ?
  11. 3 72 129 173 203 ?
  12. 309 309 302 276 213 ?
  13. 24 12 12 18 36 ?
  14. 126 64 34 20   ?
  15. 4 3 5 14 55 ?

Questions Asked in Reasoning Section:

  1. ‘Give me time’ is coded as tc  ax  bp and ‘time for more’ is coded as wo  tc  vd
    Find the code for  time ?
  2. 8 people are sitting around a square table some are at corner facing out-side & some are in the middle facing inner side, F is at any corner, there are 3 people between F & H. D is 3rd from the Left of G. Only 2 people sits between G & A. A is not neibhours of F & E sits 2 to the left of A.
  3. 7 people got married 7 different days starting from Monday to Sunday but not necessarily same order. Q married on Thursday. There are 2 people got married between Q & A. As many people are there before A same has after C. There are only 2 people between A & F. B married before F but not on Sunday.
  4. 8 People having seminar on 7 different days starting from Monday to Sunday but not necessarily same order.

Note :  If you remember any question, try to share it in command section