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NCPCR Released Report on Minority Schools of India; Recommended to Include Minority under RTE

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NCPCR has released a report about minority schools in the countryThe National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) conducted a nationwide assessment of minority schools and released a report titled ‘Impact of Exemption under Article 15 (5) with regards to Article 21A of the Constitution of India on Education of Minority Communities’.

  • Objective: To study the impact of Article 15(5) and Article 21A of the Constitution of India regarding the exemption of minority schools and education of minority communities’ children.
  • National Commission for Minorities (NCM) under the NCM Act, 1992 has notified Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Zoroastrians (Parsis), Jains as the Minority Communities of India.

Key analysis of the Report:

i.The report by NCPCR gave an analysis of 23,487 minority schools across India. As per the report, 62.50 percent of students in minority schools belong to non-minority communities.

ii.Only 8.76 percent of total students in minority schools belong to socially and economically disadvantaged backgrounds.

iii.The minority schools have only 7.95 percent of the minority children population in the states.

iv.Community based Report:

Community Minority Population Share % Minority School Share %
Muslim 69.18% 22.75%
Christian 11.54%  71.96%
Sikh  9.78% 1.54%
Buddhist  3.83%  0.48%
Jain  1.90%  1.56%

v.The Muslim community:

i.It is India’s 2nd largest denomination community after Hindus and it accounts for 13.43 percent of the Indian population.

ii.The schools run by the Muslim community have more than 75 percent of the student population belonging to the Muslim community.

iii.This community has the largest number of out-of-school children of about 1.1 crores.

Note – Institutions that are providing education to children (in the age group of 6-14 years) from the Muslim community are Maktabs and Madrasas.

Some of the Recommendations of the Report:

i.The NCPCR committee has recommended undertaking a survey to identify the number of out-of-school children and unrecognised minority institutions.

ii.It insisted on the need to extend the provisions of the Right to Education (RTE) Act to minority educational institutions.

  • It recommended to the government to bring all minority schools, including madrasas, under the purview of the RTE and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan campaign.

iii.Recommended to make regulations to maintain the proportion of the number of minority schools with the minority population. Click here to know more

Articles Involved: 

i.In 2002, the 86th Amendment to the Constitution of India provided the RTE as a fundamental right in Part III of the Constitution and inserted Article 21A to make RTE for children between 6-14 years.

ii.Article 21A: In 2009, Article 21A was operationalised with the RTE Act to provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of 6 to 14 years as a Fundamental Right.

  • RTE Act mandates a 25 percent reservation of seats in unaided schools for admission of children from economically weaker sections and disadvantaged groups.

iii.Article 15 (5): In 2006, the 93rd Constitution Amendment Act inserted Clause (5) in Article 15 and empowered the State to form any policy (such as reservation) for the upliftment of the socially backward class (like Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) in all aided and unaided educational institutes, except minority educational institutes.

  • Due to the exemption of minority institutes (after amendment), this article becomes inapplicable for them.
  • They were also deprived of the Fundamental Right and provisions guaranteed under the RTE Act, 2009.

iv.Article 30 (1): It provides the right to all minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

Note – The Child is defined as a person in the 0 to 18 years of age group.

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About National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR):

It is a statutory body under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005 under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development.

Establishment -2007
Headquarters – New Delhi
Chairperson – Priyank Kanoongo