On June 19, 2017, India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also referred to as Mangalyaan, completed 1000 Earth days in Martian orbit and is still in good health.
- The designed mission life of Mangalyaan was six months. Thus it has outlived its original lifespan by 5 times.
- During these 1000 days MOM has orbited Mars 388 times and has relayed back enormous data including over 715 images.
- The scientific analysis of the data received from the Mangalyaan is in progress.
- ISRO has also launched MOM Announcement of Opportunity (AO) programmes for researchers in the country to use MOM data for research and development.
- Post the success of Mangalyaan, foreign countries have lined up to launch their spacecraft on board Indian satellite launch vehicles and Indian satellites have hosted payloads from other countries because of its consistent record and cost effectiveness.
Quick Facts About Mangalyaan:
On 5th November 2013, Mangalyaan was launched by Indian Space Research organisation (ISRO) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (Sriharikota Range SHAR), Andhra Pradesh using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket.
- It was successfully inserted in Mars Orbit on 24thSeptember 2014.
- With the successful insertion of Mangalyaan in Mars Orbit, ISRO became the 4thSpace Agency to reach Mars. NASA, European Space Agency & Russian Space Programme are the other entities to have achieved this feat earlier.
- With the success of Magalyaan, India became the first country to successfully reach the Martian orbit in its debut attempt.
- Launched at a cost of nearly $74 million, Mangalyaan is the least expensive Mars Mission till date.
- India is already planning Mangalyaan 2.0 and a new mission to Venus after 2020.