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Indian Railways operationalised its 1st 12,000 hp electric made in India Locomotive- WAG12 manufactured by MELPL

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Indian Railways operationalises 12000 HP made in India locomotiveOn May 18, 2020 Indian Railways(IR) operationalised its 1st 12,000 horsepower(hp) electric made in India Locomotive(loco), WAG12(with Number 60027)  from Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Station(Mughalsarai Junction), Uttar Pradesh to Shivpur. It is manufactured by Madhepura Electric Locomotive Pvt. Ltd.(MELPL) Factory, Bihar which is a joint venture between French giant Alstom(74% share) & IR(26% share). India became the 6th country to produce high hp loco indigenously & is the 1st time it operationalised high hp on a broad gauge track in the world.

Gist about WAG12

i.The locomotive is IGBT based, 3 phase drive, 9000 KW (12000 hp) electric locomotive & is capable of maximum tractive effort of 706 KiloNewton(kN), which is capable of starting and running a 6000 tonnes(T) train in the gradient of 1 in 150

ii.Has twin Bo-Bo design with 22.5 T (Tonnes) axle load which is upgradable to 25 T with design speed of 120 kmph. It can be tracked through  Global Positioning System(GPS) for its strategic use through embedded software and Antennae being lifted through the servers on the ground through microwave links.

iii.Has capability to work on railway tracks with conventional Overhead Equipment(OHE) lines & on Dedicated Freight corridors with high rise OHE lines. It is equipped with air-conditioned driver cabs on either side & will help to decongest the saturated tracks by improving average speed of freight trains.

iv.Has capacity to manufacture 120 locomotives per year. It will create more than 10,000 direct and indirect jobs in the country. More than Rs 2000 Crores has already been invested in the project by the company.

v.Entry of the loco in IR fleet will increase the speed of freight trains & allow faster, safer and heavier freight trains to move across the country, thus reducing congestion in traffic & will also lead  to save energy consumption through regenerative braking

vi.The design was completed for the whole locomotive in a record time of four to six months


It is the largest integrated Green Field facility built to the highest standards of quality and safety with production capacity of 120 locos and spread across a massive 250 acres.

Will manufacture 800 State of the Art 12000 HP Electric Freight Locomotives in 11 years


i.IR entered into a Procurement cum Maintenance Agreement with MELPL as part of its largest Foreign Direct Investment project to transform the heavy freight transportation landscape of the country. This is the ‘Make in India’ Initiative by IR.

ii.The project started in 2018 and the Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the project on 10th April’ 2018. The prototype locomotive was delivered in March 2018.

iii.In 2015, the national transporter also signed an agreement with American Conglomerate General Electric for supplying 1000 diesel locomotives over a period of 11 years.

iv.Alstom in 2015 bagged a Rs. 25,000 crore order for supplying 800 high-power electric locomotives, one of the largest instances of public-private partnership in the country.

About IR:
In total there are 18 zones, each as a headquarters.
Chairman Railway Board– V. K. Yadav
Union Railway Minister– Piyush Goyal, Constituency- Rajya Sabha (Maharashtra)

About Alstom:
Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer– Henri Poupart-Lafarge
Managing Director(MD), India & South Asia– Alain Spohr