With a whooping population of 48 million children, India became the destination of largest number of stunted – malnutrition children in world in terms of volume of the living population. This pathetic face is revealed by the international charity organization called Water Aid.
What is a stunted growth?
Stunted growth is a form of malnutrition in which children are shorter than normal for their age and is largely irreversible after the age of two. If they survive, they grow up physically and intellectually weaker than their better-fed peers.
- Experts say that due to a lack of toilets, dirty water and poor hygiene India, the world’s second most populous nation has been named as having the greatest number of children in the world who are stunted.
- It is noted that India has the highest concentration in the world of people practicing open defecation and research shows high rates of this has a strong correlation to increased rates of stunting.
- In the survey it is found that two in every five under five, are suffering from stunted growth, which affects their physical development as well as cognitive and emotional development.
- The report also reveals terrific data about child death. It is noted that Diarrheal diseases caused by dirty water and poor sanitation are the second biggest killer of children under five after pneumonia, taking 315,000 young lives every year in India, about 140,000 children die every year from diarrhea .
- 76 million do not have access to safe water and 774 million live without adequate sanitation.
India ranks at first position followed by Nigeria, Pakistan and China. The hall of shame list as follows:-
|RANK||COUNTRY||STUNTED CHILDREN POPULATION in million|