February 06 is observed as International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation every year since 2003. The day is being observed to make the world aware of female genital mutilation (FGM) and to promote its eradication.
FGM is a procedure that involves altering or injuring female genitalia. It is the ritual removal of some or all of the external female genitalia using razor blade or knife. FGM is concentrated in 27 African countries and more than 130 million women and girls have experienced FGM in those countries.
This theme for 2015 campaign is “Mobilization and Involvement of Health Personnel to Accelerate Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation”.
Immediate Consequences of FGM – severe bleeding, haemorrhaging, sepsis, tetanus, urine retention, open sores and injury to nearby genital tissue.
Long term consequences – recurrent bladder or urinary tract infections, cysts, infertility, childbirth complications, fatal bleeding and newborn deaths.
- In some countries, Male Barbers are considered as health workers. They do 30 to 50 FGMs with a single blade or razor at a time.
- FGM is mostly performed from shortly after birth to age 15.
- If the current trend continue, more than 86 million additional girls will be subjected to this monstrous practice by 2030 worldwide.
- FGM has no health benefits and only causes only pain and harm. The removal of female genital tissue interferes with the natural function of female bodies.