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Excavations reveal existence of thriving port town in Sangam era

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Experts from the Department of Maritime History and Marine Archaeology of the Tamil University discovered the existence of a flourishing port town there during the Sangam era and the Middle Chola period.

The findings regarding the port town came after an archaeological excavation held at Mandripattinam, Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu.


Experts discovered existence of thriving port town in Thanjavur district in Sangam Era

  • Trenches at Sendhalaipattinam yielded 8 Ceylon man type copper coins of the Middle Chola vintage.
  • A silver Pana coin belonging to the Vijayanagar Empire was also found.
  • Trenches also yielded more than 600 tiny semi-precious stones of various types and hues.
  • A piece of a thin metal string was also recovered nearby revealing the astute and intricate hand craft ability of the artisans of the yonder age.
  • Terracotta figurine of an ox head and a snake hood dating back to the medieval period.
  • Also found the remnants of a mud wall at the floor level, a huge water pot and an indigenous water purifying system using a series of pipes for at least 10 feet.
  • A piece of core gold and a broke part of gold jewellery were part of the artifacts.




  • Sangam period is the history of ancient southern India spanning from 3rd century BC to c. 4th century AD.
  • It is named after the famous Sangam academies of poets and scholars centered in the city of Madurai.
  • Medieval Cholas rose to prominence during the middle of the 9th century C.E. and established the greatest empire South India
  • The Vijayanagara Empire (also called Karnataka Empire) based in South India. It was established in 1336 by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I of Sangama Dynasty.