Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words , which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Prodigal – खर्चीला
Meaning – spending money or using resources freely and recklessly; wastefully extravagant.
Usage – “prodigal habits die hard”
Synonyms – wasteful, extravagant, spendthrift, improvident, imprudent, immoderate, profligate, thriftless, excessive, intemperate, irresponsible, self-indulgent, reckless, wanton
2. Promulgate – एलान करना
Meaning – promote or make widely known (an idea or cause).
Usage – “these objectives have to be promulgated within the organization”
Synonyms – make known, make public, publicize, spread, communicate, propagate, disseminate, circulate, broadcast, promote, announce, proclaim.
3. Perquisite – रिआयत
Meaning – a benefit which one enjoys or is entitled to on account of one’s job or position.
Usage – “the wife of a president has all the perquisites of stardom”
4. Quirk – मोड़
Meaning – a peculiar aspect of a person’s character or behaviour.
Usage – “they accepted her attitude as one of her little quirks”
Synonyms – idiosyncrasy, peculiarity, oddity, eccentricity, foible, whim, whimsy, notion, conceit, vagary, caprice, fancy, kink, crotchet, mannerism, habit, characteristic, trait, feature, obsession.
5. Ponder – विचार करना
Meaning – think about (something) carefully, especially before making a decision or reaching a conclusion.
Usage – “I pondered the question of what clothes to wear for the occasion”
Synonyms – think about, give thought to, consider, review, reflect on, mull over, contemplate, study, meditate on, muse on, deliberate about, cogitate on, dwell on, brood on/over, ruminate about/on, chew over, puzzle over
6. Parish – पल्ली
Meaning – (in the Christian Church) a small administrative district typically having its own church and a priest or pastor.
Usage – “a parish church”
Synonyms – parishioners, churchgoers, church, congregation, flock, fold, community.
7. Turpitude – अधमता
Meaning – depraved or wicked behaviour or character.
Usage – “acts of moral turpitude”
Synonyms – wickedness, immorality, depravity, corruption, corruptness, vice, degeneracy, evil, baseness, iniquity, sinfulness, vileness; rarenefariousness, flagitiousness
8. Temerity – उतावलापन
Meaning – excessive confidence or boldness; audacity.
Usage – “no one had the temerity to question his conclusions”
Synonyms – audacity, boldness, audaciousness, nerve, effrontery, impudence, impertinence, cheek, barefaced cheek, gall, presumption, presumptuousness, brazenness, forwardness, front, rashness; daring; informalface, neck, brass neck, brass; informalchutzpah; informalhide; informalcrust.
9. Untoward – अभागा
Meaning – unexpected and inappropriate or inconvenient.
Usage – “both tried to behave as if nothing untoward had happened”
Synonyms – unexpected, unanticipated, unforeseen, unpredictable, unpredicted; surprising, unusual; inopportune, untimely, ill-timed, badly timed, mistimed; inconvenient, awkward, unwelcome, unfavourable, adverse, unfortunate, infelicitous; inappropriate, unsuitable.
10. Tenable – लायक़
Meaning – able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.
Usage – “such a simplistic approach is no longer tenable”
Synonyms – defensible, justifiable, defendable, supportable, sustainable, maintainable, arguable, able to hold water, reasonable, rational, sound, viable, workable, plausible, credible, believable, conceivable, acceptable, imaginable