Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
- Augment – बढ़ाना
Meaning – make (something) greater by adding to it; increase.
Usage – “her secretarial work helped to augment her husband’s income”
Synonyms – increase, make larger, make bigger, make greater, add to, supplement, top up, build up, enlarge, expand, extend, raise, multiply, elevate
Antonyms –decrease, degradation
2. Autocratic – निरंकुश
Meaning – taking no account of other people’s wishes or opinions; domineering.
Usage – “a man with a reputation for an autocratic management style”
Synonyms – despotic, tyrannical, oppressive, repressive
3. Capitulate – शर्तपरहथियारडालदेना
Meaning – cease to resist an opponent or an unwelcome demand; yield.
Usage – “the patriots had to capitulate to the enemy forces”
Synonyms – surrender, give in, yield, admit defeat, concede defeat, give up the struggle, submit, back down, climb down, give way, cave in, succumb, crumble
Antonyms –defend, fight
4. Stringent -कड़ीसेकड़ी
Meaning – of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.
Usage – “stringent guidelines on air pollution”
Synonyms – strict, firm, rigid, rigorous, severe, harsh, tough, tight, exacting, demanding, inflexible, stiff, hard and fast, uncompromising, draconian, extreme
Antonyms –flexible, inexact, tolerant
5. Surfeit -अतिरेक
Meaning – an excessive amount of something.
Usage – “a surfeit of food and drink”
Synonyms – excess, surplus, abundance, oversupply, superabundance, superfluity, overdose, glut, avalanche, deluge
Antonyms –base, core, lack, main, necessity, need, want
6. Garrulous – बातूनी
Meaning – excessively talkative, especially on trivial matters.
Usage – “a garrulous cab driver”
Synonyms –talkative, loquacious, voluble, verbose, long-winded, chatty, chattering, gossipy, gossiping, babbling, blathering, prattling
7. Dialectical – द्वंद्वात्मक
Meaning – relating to the logical discussion of ideas and opinions.
Usage – “dialectical ingenuity”
Synonyms – analytic,argumentative,controversial,dialectical,persuasive, polemical, rationalistic
8. Proponent -समर्थक
Meaning – a person who advocates a theory, proposal, or course of action.
Usage – “a strong proponent of the free market and liberal trade policies”
Synonyms – advocate, supporter, upholder, exponent, promoter, adherent, endorser, champion, defender, backer, subscriber, patron, espouser, friend
Antonyms –enemy, foe, opponent
9. Obfuscate – समझनेमेंकठिन
Meaning – make obscure, unclear, or unintelligible.
Usage – “the spelling changes will deform some familiar words and obfuscate their etymological origins”
Synonyms – obscure, confuse, make obscure/unclear, blur, muddle, jumble, complicate, garble, muddy, cloud, befog
Antonyms –add, pencil in, uncover
10. Lucid – चमकदार
Meaning – expressed clearly; easy to understand.
Usage – “a lucid account”
Synonyms – intelligible, comprehensible, understandable, cogent, coherent, communicative, articulate, eloquent
Antonyms -clouded, obscure, unclear, vague