Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
- Formidable – दुर्जेय
Meaning – inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.
Usage – “a formidable opponent”
|Synonyms – intimidating, forbidding, redoubtable, daunting, alarming, frightening, terrifying, petrifying, horrifying, chilling, disturbing, disquieting, dreadful, brooding, awesome, fearsome|
2. Recondite – गंभीर
Meaning – (of a subject or knowledge) little known; abstruse.
Usage – “the book is full of recondite information”
Synonyms – obscure, abstruse, arcane, esoteric, little known, recherché, abstract, deep, profound, cryptic, difficult, complex, complicated, involved
Antonyms –obvious, plain, simple, straightforward
3. Recalcitrant – आज्ञानमाननेवाला
Meaning –having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline.
Usage – “a class of recalcitrant fifteen-year-olds”
Synonyms – fractious, indomitable, insubordinate, intractable, obstinate, rebellious, refractory, stubborn, undisciplined, ungovernable, unmanageable, unruly
Antonyms –amenable, obedient, passive
4. Mercurial – चंचल
Meaning – subject to sudden or unpredictable changes of mood or mind.
Usage – “his mercurial temperament”
Synonyms – volatile, capricious, temperamental, excitable, fickle, changeable, unpredictable, variable, protean, mutable, erratic, quicksilver, inconstant, inconsistent
Antonyms –calm, tranquil, unchangeable, imperturbable, unvarying
5. Irascible– चिड़चिड़ा
Meaning – having or showing a tendency to be easily angered.
Usage – “an irascible and difficult man”
Synonyms – irritable, quick-tempered, short-tempered, bad-tempered, ill-tempered, hot-tempered, thin-skinned, snappy, snappish, tetchy, testy, touchy, edgy
Antonyms -cheerful, happy
6. Frenetic– उन्मत्त
Meaning – fast and energetic in a rather wild and uncontrolled way.
Usage – “a frenetic pace of activity”
Synonyms – frantic, wild, frenzied, hectic, fraught, feverish, fevered, mad, manic, hyperactive, energetic, intense
7. Edify- उपदेशदेना
Meaning – instruct or improve (someone) morally or intellectually.
Usage – “Rachel had edified their childhood with frequent readings from Belloc”
Synonyms – educate, instruct, teach, school, tutor, coach, train, guide
Antonyms –hide,secret, distort, brutalize
8. Cryptic- गुप्त
Meaning – having a meaning that is mysterious or obscure.
Usage – “he found his boss’s utterances too cryptic”
Synonyms – enigmatic, mysterious, hard to understand, confusing, mystifying, perplexing, puzzling, obscure, abstruse
Antonyms –clear, obvious, plain, seen, straightforward
9. Artifice –चालाकी
Meaning – clever or cunning devices or expedients, especially as used to trick or deceive others.
Usage – “an industry dominated by artifice”
Synonyms – trickery, deviousness, deceit, deception, dishonesty, cheating, duplicity, guile, cunning, artfulness, wiliness, craft, craftiness, evasion
Antonyms –candor, frankness, honesty, honor, ingenuousness, innocence, openness, reality, sincerity, truthfulness
10. Succumb– मरजाना
Meaning – fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force, or die from the effect of a disease or injury.
Usage – “we cannot merely give up and succumb to despair”
Synonyms – yield, give in, give way, submit, surrender, capitulate, cave in, die from, die of, pass away as a result of, be a fatality of
Antonyms -conquer, create, overcome, win