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English Questions: Vocabulary Set 331

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The Hindu : Leave them alone- on the Sentinelese

The death of a young American man at the hands of the inhabitants of North Sentinel Island in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands has led to dangerous lines of debate. Some have called for the Sentinelese to be convicted and punished and others have urged that they be integrated into modern society. Both these demands are misguided, and can only result in the extinction of a people. John Chau’s killing was a tragedy but his attempt to make contact with the Sentinelese, who he seemed to know something about, was foolhardy and dangerous, not only to himself but to them. There is a reason why no one — whether missionary, scholar, adventurer, U.S. citizen or Indian — is allowed to venture near North Sentinel Island without permission, which is given only in the rarest of circumstances and with meticulous precautions in place to ensure that the Sentinelese are not disturbed. Having lived in isolation in an island in the Bay of Bengal for thousands of years, the Sentinelese have no immunity or resistance to even the commonest of infections. Various degrees of protection are in place for the indigenous people of A&N Islands, but it is complete in the case of the Sentinelese. The administration enforces “an ‘eyes-on and hands-off’ policy to ensure that no poachers enter the island”. A protocol of circumnavigation of the island is in place, and the buffer maintained around the island is enforced under various laws. The Sentinelese are perhaps the most reclusive community in the world today. Their language is so far understood by no other group and they have traditionally guarded their island fiercely, attacking most intruders with spears and arrows. Arrows were fired even at a government aircraft that flew over the island after the 2004 Tsunami.

Chau knowingly broke the law, as did those who took took him to the waters off North Sentinel Island. Seven persons, including five fishermen, have been arrested for facilitating this misadventure. To call for an investigation on the island, however, is to fail to see its historical and administrative uniqueness. At the heart of the issue is the survival of the Sentinelese. According to the 2011 Census, their population was just 15 — though anthropologists like T.N. Pandit, who made contact with them in the 1960s, put the figure at 80-90. This degree of ignorance about the Sentinelese often sparks an Orientalist public discourse, instead of understanding the dangers of trying to physically overpower them. Chau’s death is a cautionary incident — for the danger of adventurism, and for the administration to step up oversight. But it is also an occasion for the country to embrace its human heritage in all its diversity, and to empathetically try to see the world from the eyes of its most vulnerable inhabitants.

1. Convicted (verb) : दोषसिद्धि

Meaning : to find guilty

Synonym : condemned, sentenced

Antonym: acquitted, vindicated

Usage :

After finding the evidences valid, the was convicted and sentenced to a rigorous imprisonment.

2. Foolhardy ( adjective ) : उजड्ड

Meaning : recklessly bold or rash.

Synonym : careless, rash, irresponsible

Antonym : wise, prudent

Usage :

– While trekking in jungle,his foolhardy attempts to impress his girlfriend didn’t go down well.

– It would be foolhardy to ride bike on these roads without a helmet and protection gear

3. Missionary ( noun ) : धर्म प्रचार करने वाला

Meaning : a person who travels attempting to spread a religion or a creed

Synonym : evangelist, preacher

Antonym : non religious person

Usage :

– When Britishers ruled, they sent missionaries to every colonies to spread Christianity

4. Meticulous ( adjective ) : सूक्ष्म

Meaning : showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise.

Synonym :  conscientious, diligent, ultra-careful

Antonym : careless, sloppy, slapdash

Usage :

– He is meticulous in his choice of words and turns of phrase

– He is a designer known for his meticulous attention to detail.

5. Indigenous ( adjective ) : स्वदेशी

Meaning : originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.

Synonym : native, aboriginal, local

Antonym : expatriate, migrant


– The Bengal tigers are indigenous to the Indian sub-continent

– It is perhaps best to leave the indigenous tribes in their own habitat

6. Reclusive ( adjective ) : एकांतप्रिय

Meaning : avoiding the company of other people

Synonym : solitary, secluded, withdrawn

Antonym : gregarious, sociable


– Reclusive people do not gel well with others

– He has been living a reclusive life since the time his marriage broke up

7. Intruders ( noun ) : घुसेड़नेवाला

Meaning : a person who intrudes, especially into a building with criminal intent.

Synonym : trespasser, invader

Antonym : ally


– The spotlights go on automatically when an intruder is detected in the garden.

– The dog jumped at the intruder with frenzied barks.

8. Orientalist ( noun ) : प्राच्य

Meaning : a person who studies the languages and cultures of Asia

Synonym : orient scholar

Antonym : one who studies about Western culture


– He was quite popular both as a portrait painter and an Orientalist.

9. Adventurism ( noun ) : दुस्साहस

Meaning : the willingness to take excessive risks

Synonym : recklessness, imprudence

Antonym : prudence, cautious


– He condemned what he saw as undisciplined adventurism

– Any adventurism by China in disputed area is supposed to be met with fire

10. Empathetically ( adverb ) : समानुभूति

Meaning : showing an ability to understand and share the feelings of another.

Synonym : compassionate, sensitive

Antonym : indifferent, merciless


– Every mother on this Earth treat her child empathetically

– If you are wrong, admit it quickly and empathetically