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English Questions: Vocabulary Set 278

some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!

The Hindu: After the emergency: repairing ties with Maldives  

The Maldivian government’s decision to lift the state of emergency after 45 days, just ahead of the expiry of its second self-imposed deadline, comes as cold comfort for those concerned about the turn of events in the islands over the past couple of months. In a statement India said the withdrawal of the emergency is but “one step”, and much more must be done to restore democracy in the Maldives. The opposition, mostly in exile and led by former President Mohamad Nasheed, says the emergency was lifted only because President Abdulla Yameen has established total control over the judiciary and parliament since the February 1 court verdict that cancelled the sentencing of 12 opposition leaders and ordered their release. In a dramatic turn of events Mr. Yameen had then ordered the arrest of two judges, as well as hundreds of activists and politicians including former President Abdul Gayoom, and imposed a state of emergency. The remaining judges overturned the February 1 release order, under what is seen to be coercion by the security forces, which had locked down the Majlis (parliament) and court buildings. Therefore, lifting the emergency does not automatically amount to status quo ante.
Repairing India-Maldives ties, that have taken an equally sharp dip since February 1, will be a tall order. Male has reacted sharply to India’s public statements on the emergency, as well as now to the statement welcoming the lifting of the emergency, saying that the events of the past couple of months were “internal political matters”, and India’s statements of disapproval were “not helpful at all”. The pushback from the Yameen government is in stark contrast to its desire over the past few years to work with India, and it isn’t hard to see why. Bolstered by a close relationship with China, Mr. Yameen has in a matter of months gone from declaring an ‘India first’ policy to disregarding its concerns. With military exchanges, a free trade agreement with China and a slew of Chinese infrastructure investments in place, the Yameen government clearly considers itself sufficiently insulated from any counter-moves by India or the U.S. During the current crisis, China placed its diplomatic might behind Mr. Yameen, and even offered to broker talks between the government and the opposition, a role that India would have been naturally expected to play in the past. It is important to note that a military intervention by India was never a possibility, and comparisons made to India’s actions in 1988 are pointless. India has been wise to keep its counsel and not over-react to the recent events. But going ahead, its challenge is tougher: to demonstrate its relevance to the Maldives as the biggest power in the South Asian region, while helping steer Mr. Yameen to a more reasonable and inclusive democratic course ahead of the presidential election later this year.

1. Exile (noun) : निर्वासन

Meaning : the state of being barred from one’s native country, typically for political or punitive reasons.

Synonyms : banishment, expulsion, expatriation, deportation, eviction; uprooting, separation; extradition; historicaltransportation; ostracism.

Antonyms : import,take in,welcome.

Usage : his exile from the land of his birth.

2. Sentencing (verb) : सजा

Meaning : declare the punishment decided for (an offender).

Synonyms : pass judgement on, impose a sentence on, pronounce sentence on, mete out punishment to, punish, convict; condemn, doom.

Antonyms : accusation, charge.

Usage : ten army officers were sentenced to life imprisonment.

3. Overturned (verb) : पलट जाना

Meaning : abolish, invalidate, or reverse (a previous system, decision, situation, etc.)

Synonyms : cancel, reverse, rescind, repeal, revoke, retract, countermand, withdraw, take back, rule against, disallow, override, overrule, veto, set aside, quash, overthrow, repudiate, recant, annul, nullify, declare null and void, invalidate, negate, void, abrogate; vacate; archaicrecall.

Antonyms : confirm, continue, enact, establish, institute, legalize, promote, ratify, support, uphold.

Usage : the results overturned previous findings.

4. Relevance (Noun) : प्रासंगिकता

Meaning : the quality or state of being closely connected or appropriate.

Synonyms : applicability, application, appositeness, bearing, concernment, congruity, germaneness, importance, materiality, pertinency, purpose, relevancy.

Antonyms : impotence, ineffectiveness, invalidity, weakness.

Usage : this film has contemporary relevance.

5. Pushback (noun) : पीछे धकेलना

Meaning : a negative or unfavourable reaction or response.

Usage : we got some pushback on the new pricing.

6. Contrast (noun) : विरोध

Meaning : the state of being strikingly different from something else in juxtaposition or close association.

Synonyms : difference, dissimilarity, disparity, dissimilitude, distinction, contradistinction, divergence, variance, variation, differentiation; contradiction, incongruity, opposition, polarity.

Antonyms : agreement, conformity, copy, equality, facsimile, homogeneousness, likeness, similarity, uniformity, unity.

Usage : the day began cold and blustery, in contrast to almost two weeks of uninterrupted sunshine.

7. Bolstered (verb) : बल मिला

Meaning : support or strengthen.

Synonyms : strengthen, support, reinforce, make stronger, boost, fortify, give a boost to; prop up, buoy up, shore up, hold up, maintain, buttress, brace, stiffen, uphold; aid, assist, help; supplement, augment, feed, add to, increase; revitalize, invigorate, renew, regenerate.

Antonyms : amaged, injured, worsened.

Usage : the fall in interest rates is starting to bolster confidence.

8. Intervention (noun) : हस्तक्षेप

Meaning : interference by a state in another’s affairs.

Synonyms : involvement, intercession, interceding, interposing, interposition; mediation, mediatorship, arbitration, conciliation, peacemaking; interference, intrusion, meddling; rarearbitrament.

Antonyms : aid, defense, flight, protection, resistance, retreat, shelter, shield, support, surrender, sustenance.

Usage : the government was reported to be considering military intervention.

9. Inclusive (Adjectice) : सम्मिलित

Meaning : including all the services or items normally expected or required.

Synonyms : all-in, all-inclusive, with everything included, comprehensive, in toto; overall, full, all-round, across the board, umbrella, blanket, catch-all, all-encompassing, all-embracing, without exception.

Antonyms : exclusive, incomprehensive, narrow.

Usage : the company quoted an inclusive price.