Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!
Two crimes ended in death sentences for the principal perpetrators last week — one emblematic in the way it sought to uphold caste pride and the other an abominable instance of sexual violence against women. The High Courts of Madras and Kerala would decide later whether to confirm the death penalty, but the trial courts have sent out a significant message that one need not always be cynical about the country’s criminal justice system; that there are times when it responds well, and responds quickly, to the cry for justice. In these cases, one involved the murder of Shankar, a Dalit youth, for marrying Kausalya, who is from an intermediate caste, and incurring her family’s wrath. The other related to the rape and murder of a Dalit law student by a migrant worker. Both crimes took place in the first half of 2016. For Indian courts to render a final verdict within two years is unusual, therefore probably deserving of praise. That the Sessions Court in Tirupur and the one in Ernakulam both imposed the maximum punishment speaks of a commitment to rendering justice. This is a noteworthy and welcome departure from the uninspiring record of tardy trials and perfunctory orders. The Tirupur trial will be remembered for Ms. Kausalya’s courageous deposition, as an eyewitness and the survivor of a murderous attack, and as one with an intimate knowledge of her family’s antipathy towards her slain husband. That she testified against her parents as well as the dangerous gangsters hired by her father to commit the crime is a commentary on her fortitude.
It is perhaps a sign of the times that both State governments bestowed considerable attention on securing justice in these cases, getting the investigation supervised at a high level and appointing special prosecutors. Given the public outcry over the two crimes, any other course would have been unacceptable. In recent years, quick trials and condign punishment have become the order of the day. Besides the ‘Nirbhaya’ gangrape and murder in Delhi, the Shakti Mills gang rape case in Mumbai and the rape of a passenger by a Delhi taxi driver are significant instances. However, it is odd and discomfiting that all such cases end in condemning the convicts to death. Trial courts appear to be under pressure to be seen as ruthless and unwavering, resulting in their reflexively awarding the death penalty. In these two latest cases, the superior courts may well reduce the sentences on a balance of mitigating and aggravating circumstances. But one cannot ignore the core message that efficient investigation and speedy trials help foster trust in the justice system.
1. Perpetrators – अपराधियों
Meaning – a person who carries out a harmful, illegal, or immoral act.
Synonyms – assassin, butcher, criminal, cutthroat, enforcer, executioner, hit person, hit-and-run, homicide, killer, manslaughterer , perpetrator, slaughterer, slayer, soldier, trigger person.
Antonyms – law-abiding citizen
Usage – the perpetrators of this horrific crime must be brought to justice..
2. Emblematic – प्रतीकात्मक
Meaning – serving as a symbol of a particular quality or concept; symbolic.
Synonyms – characteristic, emblematical, exemplary, figurative, representative, symbolical, typical.
Antonyms – not representative, untypical.
Usage – this case is emblematic of a larger problem.
3. Abominable – घिनौना
Meaning – very bad; terrible.
Synonyms – abhorrent, atrocious, awful, bad, base, beastly, contemptible, cursed, despicable, disgusting, foul, grim, grody, gross, hairy, hateful, heinous, hellish, horrible, horrid, loathsome, lousy, nauseating, obnoxious, odious, offensive, repellent, reprehensible, repugnant, repulsive.
Antonyms – alluring, appealing, delightful, desirable, enjoyable, likeable, lovable, pleasant, sweet, wonderful.
Usage –the uprising was suppressed with abominable cruelty.
4. Cynical – निंदक
Meaning – believing that people are motivated purely by self-interest; distrustful of human sincerity or integrity.
Usage –he was brutally cynical and hardened to every sob story under the sun.
5.Wrath – कोप
Meaning – extreme anger.
Synonyms – anger, rage, fury, annoyance, indignation, outrage, pique, spleen, chagrin, vexation, exasperation, dudgeon, high dudgeon, hot temper, bad temper, bad mood, ill humour, irritation, irritability, crossness, displeasure, discontentment, disgruntlement, irascibility, cantankerousness.
Antonyms – happiness, love.
Usage – he hadn’t the nerve to face his mother’s wrath.
6.Rendering – प्रतिपादन
Meaning – a performance of a piece of music or drama.
Synonyms – make, get, give, perform, execute, do, produce, make, create, communicate, pass on, pass, pass along, put across, give, gift, present, give, pass, hand, reach, pass on, turn over, give, represent, interpret, coat, surface, communicate, intercommunicate.
Antonyms – aid, assist, enable, help, improve.
Usage – a lively rendering of ‘Ilkley Moor’
7.Bestowed – प्रदान करना
Meaning – confer or present (an honour, right, or gift).
Synonyms –accord, apportion, award, bequeath, come through, commit, confer, devote, donate, entrust, favor, gift, give away, grant, hand out, honor with, impart, kick in, lavish, offer, present, put out, render to.
Antonyms – deprive, refuse, take.
Usage –the office was bestowed on him by the monarch of this realm.
8. Condign – लायक़
Meaning – (of punishment or retribution) appropriate to the crime or wrongdoing; fitting and deserved.
Synonyms – – becoming, coming, condign, deserved, earned, equitable, fair, fit, fitting, good, just, justified, merited, obligatory, requisite, rhadamanthine, right, rightful, suitable.
Antonyms – improper, inappropriate, insufficient, unjustified, unmerited, unrightful, unsuitable.
Usage –condign punishment was rare when the criminal was a man of high social standing.
9.Condemning – निंदा
Meaning – express complete disapproval of; censure.
Synonyms – – adjudge, belittle, blow whistle on, call down, castigate, censure, chide, come down on, criticize, damn, decry, denounce, denunciate, deprecate, depreciate, disapprove, disparage, doom, find fault with, find guilty, frame, hang something on, judge, knock, lay at one’s door, let have it, name, pass sentence on, pin it on, point finger at, pronounce, proscribe, punish, put away, put down, reprehend, reproach, reprobate, reprove, send up, send up the river, sentence, skin, thumbs down on, upbraid.
Antonyms – absolve, acquit, approve, clear, discharge, exonerate, free, pardon, release, set free.
Usage –he condemned such players for dragging the name of football through the dirt.
10. Mitigating – कम करने
Meaning – make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
Synonyms – diminished responsibility, palliative, partial excuse, qualification.
Antonyms –aggravate, incite, increase, intensify, irritate, worsen.
Usage – drainage schemes have helped to mitigate this problem.