Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Smattering – गिरोह
Meaning – a slight superficial knowledge of a language or subject.
Synonyms – bit, small amount, little, modicum, touch, soupçon; superficial knowledge, nodding acquaintance, passing acquaintance, rudiments, elements, basics; informalsmidgen, smidge, tad.
Usage – Edward had only a smattering of Welsh
2. Desolate – उजाड़
Meaning – (of a place) uninhabited and giving an impression of bleak emptiness.
Synonyms – barren, bleak, stark, bare, dismal, grim; desert, waste, arid, sterile; wild, windswept, inhospitable, exposed.
Usage – the loch was bounded by desolate moorlands.
3. Recalcitrant – आज्ञा न माननेवाला
Meaning – having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline.
Usage – a class of recalcitrant fifteen-year-olds.
4. Galore – बहुतायत
Meaning – in abundance.
Synonyms – aplenty, in abundance, in profusion, in great quantity, in large numbers, by the dozen; to spare; everywhere, all over (the place); informala gogo, by the truckload, by the shedload.
Usage – there were prizes galore for everything.
5. Pittance – देन
Meaning – a very small or inadequate amount of money.
Synonyms – a very small amount, a tiny amount, an insufficient amount, next to nothing, very little; informalpeanuts, chicken feed, slave wages, a shoestring.
Usage – the musicians were paid a pittance.
6. Rampage – हिसात्मक आचरण
Meaning – (especially of a large group of people) move through a place in a violent and uncontrollable manner.
Synonyms – rush wildly/madly, riot, run riot, go on the rampage, run amok, go berserk, storm, charge, tear; rave; informalsteam.
Usage – several thousand demonstrators rampaged through the city.
7. Enervate – कमज़ोर
Meaning – make (someone) feel drained of energy or vitality.
Synonyms – exhaust, tire, fatigue, weary, wear out, devitalize, drain, sap, weaken, make weak, make feeble, enfeeble, debilitate, incapacitate, indispose, prostrate, immobilize, lay low, put out of action; informalknock out, do in, take it out of one, shatter, poop, frazzle, wear to a frazzle, fag out; informalknacker; raretorpefy.
Usage – the scorching sun enervated her.
8. Tyranny – उत्पीड़न
Meaning – cruel and oppressive government or rule.
Synonyms – despotism, absolutism, absolute power, autocracy, dictatorship, undemocratic rule, reign of terror, totalitarianism, Fascism; oppression, suppression, repression, subjugation, enslavement; authoritarianism, high-handedness, imperiousness, bullying, harshness, strictness, severity, cruelty, brutality, ruthlessness, injustice.
Usage – refugees fleeing tyranny and oppression.
9. Lambaste – कोड़े से मारना
Meaning – criticize (someone or something) harshly.
Synonyms – criticize, castigate, chastise, censure, condemn, take to task, harangue, attack, rail at, rant at, revile, fulminate against, haul/call over the coals; upbraid, scold, reprimand, rebuke, chide, reprove, admonish, berate; informalrap someone’s knuckles, slap someone’s wrist, lay into, pitch into, tear into, lace into, dress down, give someone a dressing-down, carpet.
Usage – they lambasted the report as a gross distortion of the truth.
10. Bestial – वहशी
Meaning – of or like an animal or animals.
Synonyms – animal, beast-like, animalistic; rarezoic, theriomorphic, theroid.
Usage – Darwin’s revelations about our bestial beginnings.