Current Affairs PDF

English Questions – Vocabulary set 143

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Hello Aspirants.

Welcome to Online English Section with explanation Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!

1. Prevaricate – छलकपट

Meaning – speak or act in an evasive way.

Usage – he seemed to prevaricate when journalists asked pointed questions.

2. Fetid – दुर्गन्धि-युक्त

Meaning – smelling extremely unpleasant.

Synonyms – stinking, smelly, foul-smelling, evil-smelling, malodorous, stinking to high heaven, reeking, pungent, acrid, high, rank, foul, unpleasant, nasty, noxious; fresh; informalstinky, reeky; informalniffing, niffy, pongy, whiffy, humming; informalfunky; literarynoisome, mephitic; raremiasmic, miasmal, olid.

Usage – the air was heavy and fetid.

3. Lacuna – कमी

Meaning – an unfilled space; a gap.

Usage – the journal has filled a lacuna in Middle Eastern studies.

4. Vaccination – टीका

Meaning – treatment with a vaccine to produce immunity against a disease; inoculation.

Usage – vaccination against yellow fever is essential.

5. Exasperate – हताश

Meaning – irritate intensely; infuriate.

Synonyms – infuriate, incense, anger, annoy, irritate, madden, enrage, send into a rage, inflame, antagonize, provoke, irk, vex, gall, pique, try someone’s patience, get on someone’s nerves, make someone’s blood boil, make someone’s hackles rise, make someone see red, get someone’s back up, rub up the wrong way, ruffle someone’s feathers, drive to distraction.

Usage – this futile process exasperates prison officers.

6. Smattering – गिरोह

Meaning – a small amount of something.

Synonyms – bit, small amount, little, modicum, touch, soupçon; superficial knowledge, nodding acquaintance, passing acquaintance, rudiments, elements, basics; informalsmidgen, smidge, tad.

Usage – an audience with a smattering of classical education.

7. Cozen – फुसलाना

Meaning – trick or deceive.

Usage – do not think to cozen your contemporaries.

8. Solace – सांत्वना

Meaning – comfort or consolation in a time of great distress or sadness.

Synonyms – comfort, consolation, cheer, support, relief.

Usage – she sought solace in her religion.

9. lambasted – कोड़े से मारना

Meaning – criticize (someone or something) harshly.

Synonyms – criticize, castigate, chastise, censure, condemn, take to task, harangue, attack, rail at, rant at, revile, fulminate against, haul/call over the coals; upbraid, scold, reprimand, rebuke, chide, reprove, admonish, berate; informalrap someone’s knuckles, slap someone’s wrist, lay into, pitch into, tear into, lace into, dress down, give someone a dressing-down, carpet.

Usage – the manager fiercely lambasted his team.

10. Lacerate – पंगु

Meaning – tear or make deep cuts in (flesh or skin).

Synonyms – gash, slash, tear, rip, rend, mangle, mutilate, maim, maul, shred, score, scratch, scrape, graze, incise; knife, gouge, split, cleave, hack, stab, tear apart, butcher, savage, wound, injure, hurt, damage.

Usage – “the point had lacerated his neck.