Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Deluge -बाढ़
Meaning – a severe flood.
Synonyms – flood, flash flood, torrent; spate.
Usage – “many homes were swept away by the deluge”
2. Lucidity – स्पष्टता
Meaning – clarity of expression; intelligibility.
Usage – “his lecture combined intellectual lucidity and passion”
3. Gloomy – उदास
Meaning – dark or poorly lit, especially so as to appear depressing or frightening.
Synonyms – dark, ill-lit, poorly lit, shadowy, sunless, dim, sombre, dingy, frowzy, drab, dismal, dreary, murky, depressing, unwelcoming, uninviting, cheerless, joyless, comfortless, funereal; grey, leaden, overcast, cloudy; literarycrepuscular, tenebrous; rareStygian, Tartarean, caliginous, subfusc.
Usage – “a gloomy room filled with mahogany furniture”
4. Murky – बदली का
Meaning – dark and gloomy, especially due to thick mist.
Synonyms – dark, gloomy, grey, leaden, dull, dim, overcast, cloudy, clouded, sunless, foggy, misty, dismal, dreary, bleak, louring, threatening, cheerless, depressing, shadowy, sombre; literarytenebrous, crepuscular; rarecaliginous, Cimmerian.
Usage – “a murky winter afternoon”
5. Surmount – बढ़ना
Meaning – overcome (a difficulty or obstacle).
Synonyms – overcome, conquer, get over, prevail over, triumph over, get the better of, beat, vanquish, master; clear, cross, make one’s way round/past/over, make it round/past/over, pass over, be unstoppable by; deal with, cope with, resist, endure.
Usage – “his reputation is worldwide, and surmounts language barriers”
6. Bifurcated – द्विभाजित
Meaning – divide into two branches or forks.
Usage – “just below Cairo the river bifurcates”
7. Aversion – घृणा
Meaning – a strong dislike or disinclination.
Synonyms – dislike of, distaste for, disinclination, abhorrence, hatred, hate, loathing, detestation, odium, antipathy, hostility; disgust, revulsion, repugnance, horror; phobia; resistance, unwillingness, reluctance, avoidance, evasion, shunning; informalallergy; archaicdisrelish.
Usage – “their deep-seated aversion to the use of force”
8. Tranquil – शांत
Meaning – free from disturbance; calm.
Synonyms – calm, placid, composed, relaxed, at peace, cool, cool, calm, and collected, cool-headed, serene, even-tempered, self-possessed, controlled, unexcitable, unflappable, unruffled, unperturbed, imperturbable, undisturbed, unagitated, dispassionate, stoical, sober, unemotional, untroubled, pacific
Usage – “Martha smiled, perfectly tranquil”
9. Emulate – अनुकरण करना
Meaning – match or surpass (a person or achievement), typically by imitation.
Synonyms – imitate, copy, reproduce, mimic, mirror, echo, follow, model oneself on, take as a model, take as an example; match, equal, parallel, be the equal of, be on a par with, be in the same league as, come near to, come close to, approximate; compete with, contend with, rival, vie with, surpass.
Usage – “they tried to emulate Lucy’s glowing performance
10. Acquainted – परिचित
Meaning – make someone aware of or familiar with.
Synonyms – familiarize, make familiar, make conversant, get/keep up to date; accustom to, make known to, make aware of, inform of, advise of, apprise of, brief as to, give information about; enlighten, keep posted, let know; prime on, ground in, instruct in, teach in, educate in, school in, indoctrinate in, initiate into; informalgive the gen about, give the low-down on, give a rundown of, fill in on,
Usage – “it is sensible to acquaint yourself with some basic facts”