Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Propinquity – पड़ोस
Meaning – the state of being close to someone or something; proximity.
Synonyms – proximity, closeness, nearness, adjacency; rarecontiguity, contiguousness, vicinity, vicinage.
Usage – he kept his distance as though afraid propinquity might lead him into temptation.
2. Deluge – बाढ़
Meaning – a severe flood.
Synonyms – flood, flash flood, torrent; spate.
Usage – this may be the worst deluge in living memory.
3. Jubilant – उल्लसित
Meaning – feeling or expressing great happiness and triumph.
Synonyms – overjoyed, exultant, triumphant, joyful, jumping for joy, rejoicing, cock-a-hoop, exuberant, elated, thrilled, gleeful, euphoric, ecstatic, beside oneself with happiness, enraptured, in raptures, rhapsodic, transported, walking on air, in seventh heaven, on cloud nine; crowing, gloating, triumphal.
Usage – a large number of jubilant fans ran on to the pitch.
4. Tempest – तूफ़ान
Meaning – a violent windy storm.
Synonyms – storm, gale, squall, superstorm, hurricane, tornado, whirlwind, cyclone, typhoon.
Usage – a raging tempest.
5. Exhort – समझाना
Meaning – strongly encourage or urge (someone) to do something.
Synonyms – urge, encourage, call on, enjoin, adjure, charge, try to persuade, press, pressure, put pressure on, use pressure on, pressurize, lean on, push; egg on, spur, incite, goad; bid, appeal to, entreat, implore, beseech; advise, counsel, admonish, warn.
Usage – I exhorted her to be a good child.
6. Absurd – बेतुका
Meaning – wildly unreasonable, illogical, or inappropriate.
Synonyms – preposterous, ridiculous, ludicrous, farcical, laughable, risible; idiotic, stupid, foolish, silly, inane, imbecilic, insane, hare-brained; unreasonable, irrational, illogical, nonsensical, pointless, senseless; outrageous, shocking, astonishing, monstrous, fantastic, incongruous, grotesque; unbelievable, incredible, unthinkable, implausible; informalcrazy; informalbarmy, daft.
Usage – what an absurd idea.
7. Venal – ज़रख़ीद
Meaning – showing or motivated by susceptibility to bribery; corrupt.
Synonyms – corrupt, corruptible, bribable, open to bribery, purchasable, buyable, grafting; dishonest, fraudulent, dishonourable, untrustworthy, unscrupulous, unprincipled; mercenary, avaricious, grasping, rapacious; informalbent, crooked, warped, shady.
Usage – the law courts are venal and can take decades to decide a case.
8. Assess – आकलन
Meaning – evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, or quality of.
Synonyms – evaluate, judge, gauge, rate, estimate, appraise, form an opinion of, check out, form an impression of, make up one’s mind about, get the measure of, determine, weigh up, analyse.
Usage – the committee must assess the relative importance of the issues.
9. Revile – गाली देना
Meaning – criticize in an abusive or angrily insulting manner.
Synonyms – criticize, censure, condemn, attack, inveigh against, rail against, lambaste, flay, savage, brand, stigmatize, denounce; blacken someone’s reputation, defame, smear, slander, libel, traduce, cast aspersions on, cast a slur on, malign, vilify, calumniate, besmirch, run down, abuse; informalknock, slam, pan, bash, take to pieces, take apart, crucify, hammer, lay into, slate, roast, skewer, bad-mouth; informalslate, rubbish, slag off, monster; informalpummel.
Usage – he was now reviled by the party that he had helped to lead.
10. Pallid – पीला
Meaning – (of a person’s face) pale, typically because of poor health.
Synonyms – pale, white, pasty, pasty-faced, wan, colourless, anaemic, bloodless, washed out, peaky, peakish, peaked, whey-faced, ashen, ashen-faced, ashy, chalky, chalk-white, grey, whitish, white-faced, waxen, waxy, blanched, drained, pinched; green, ghastly, sickly, sallow.
Usage – his face, with its wrinkled, pallid complexion.