Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Foment – भड़काना
Meaning – instigate or stir up (an undesirable or violent sentiment or course of action).
Synonyms – instigate, incite, provoke, agitate, excite, stir up, whip up, arouse, inspire, encourage, urge, actuate, initiate, generate, cause, prompt, start, bring about, kindle, spark off, trigger off, touch off, fan the flames of; rareenkindle, effectuate.
Usage – they accused him of fomenting political unrest.
2. Recluse – वैरागी
Meaning – a person who lives a solitary life and tends to avoid other people.
Synonyms – hermit, ascetic; monk, nun; marabout, santon; rareeremite, anchorite, anchoress, stylite, cenobite.
Usage – she has turned into a virtual recluse.
3. Glean – बीनना
Meaning – obtain (information) from various sources, often with difficulty.
Synonyms – obtain, get, take, draw, derive, extract, cull, garner, gather, reap; select, choose, pick; learn.
Usage – the information is gleaned from press cuttings.
4. Fetid – दुर्गन्धि-युक्त
Meaning – smelling extremely unpleasant.
Synonyms – stinking, smelly, foul-smelling, evil-smelling, malodorous, stinking to high heaven, reeking, pungent, acrid, high, rank, foul, unpleasant, nasty, noxious; fresh; informalstinky, reeky; informalniffing, niffy, pongy, whiffy, humming.
Usage – the fetid water of the marsh.
5. Venial – क्षम्य
Meaning – (of a fault or offence) slight and pardonable.
Synonyms – pardonable, forgivable, excusable, condonable, tolerable, permissible, allowable, understandable, justifiable; slight, minor, unimportant, insignificant, trivial, trifling, not serious, all right.
Usage – he had compounded a number of venial failings with the mortal sin of adultery.
6. Stern – कठोर
Meaning – (of a person or their manner) serious and unrelenting, especially in the assertion of authority and exercise of discipline.
Synonyms – serious, unsmiling, frowning, poker-faced, severe, forbidding, grim, unfriendly, sombre, grave, sober, austere, dour, stony, flinty, steely, unrelenting, unyielding, unforgiving, unbending, unsympathetic, disapproving; rareRhadamanthine; informalboot-faced.
Usage – a smile transformed his stern face.
7. Aspersion – कलंक
Meaning – an attack on the reputation or integrity of someone or something.
Synonyms – vilification, disparagement, denigration, defamation, defamation of character, abuse, vituperation, condemnation, criticism, censure, castigation, denunciation, flak, deprecation, opprobrium, obloquy, derogation, slander, revilement, reviling, calumny, calumniation, slurs, smears, execration, excoriation, lambasting, upbraiding, bad press, character assassination.
Usage – I don’t think anyone is casting aspersions on you.
8. Seamy – जोड़दार
Meaning – sordid and disreputable
Synonyms – sordid, disreputable, seedy, sleazy, corrupt, shameful, low, dark, squalid, unwholesome, unsavoury, rough, mean, nasty, unpleasant.
Usage – he seemed very knowledgeable about the seamy side of life.
9. Cozen – मूंड़ना
Meaning – trick or deceive.
Usage – do not think to cozen your contemporaries
10. Enervate – कमज़ोर
Meaning – make (someone) feel drained of energy or vitality.
Synonyms – exhaust, tire, fatigue, weary, wear out, devitalize, drain, sap, weaken, make weak, make feeble, enfeeble, debilitate, incapacitate, indispose, prostrate, immobilize, lay low, put out of action; informalknock out, do in, take it out of one, shatter, poop, frazzle, wear to a frazzle, fag out; informalknacker; raretorpefy.
Usage – the scorching sun enervated her.