Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Cumbersome – बोझिल
Meaning – large or heavy and therefore difficult to carry or use; unwieldy.
Synonyms – unwieldy, unmanageable, awkward, clumsy, ungainly, inconvenient, incommodious; bulky, large, heavy, hefty, weighty, burdensome; informalhulking, clunky; rarecumbrous, unhandy, lumbersome.
Usage – cumbersome diving suits.
2. Opaque – न झिल्लड़
Meaning – not able to be seen through; not transparent.
Synonyms – non-transparent, cloudy, filmy, blurred, smeared, hazy, misty, dirty, dingy, muddy, muddied, grimy, smeary.
Usage – bottles filled with a pale opaque liquid.
3. Capricious – मनमौजी
Meaning – given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behaviour.
Synonyms – fickle, inconstant, changeable, variable, unstable, mercurial, volatile, erratic, vacillating, irregular, inconsistent, fitful, arbitrary; impulsive, temperamental, wild, ungovernable; whimsical, fanciful, flighty, wayward, quirky, faddish, freakish; unpredictable, random, chance, haphazard.
Usage – a capricious and often brutal administration.
4. Discord – कलह
Meaning – disagreement between people.
Synonyms – strife, conflict, friction, hostility; disagreement, lack of agreement, dissension, dispute, difference of opinion, discordance, disunity, division, incompatibility, variance; antagonism, antipathy, enmity, opposition, bad feeling, ill feeling, bad blood, argument, quarrelling, squabbling, bickering, wrangling, feuding, contention, clashing, falling-out, war, vendetta.
Usage – a prosperous family who showed no signs of discord.
5. Despise – घृणा
Meaning – feel contempt or a deep repugnance for.
Synonyms – detest, hate, loathe, abhor, abominate, execrate, regard with contempt, feel contempt for, shrink from, be repelled by, not be able to bear/stand/stomach, find intolerable, deplore, dislike; scorn, disdain, slight, look down on, pour/heap scorn on, deride, scoff at, jeer at, sneer at, mock, revile; spurn, shun; archaiccontemn, disrelish.
Usage – he despised himself for being selfish.
6. Atheist – नास्तिक
Meaning – a person who disbelieves or lacks belief in the existence of God or gods.
Synonyms – non-believer, non-theist, disbeliever, unbeliever, heretic, sceptic, doubter, doubting Thomas, agnostic, infidel, irreligious person, heathen, pagan, freethinker, libertine, nihilist; archaicpaynim; rarenullifidian.
Usage – he is a committed atheist.
7. Delusion – माया
Meaning – an idiosyncratic belief or impression maintained despite being contradicted by reality or rational argument, typically as a symptom of mental disorder.
Synonyms – misapprehension, mistaken impression, false impression, mistaken belief, misconception, misunderstanding, mistake, error, misinterpretation, misconstruction, misbelief; fallacy, illusion, figment of the imagination, fantasy, chimera; fool’s paradise, self-deception.
Usage – the male delusion that attractive young women are harbouring romantic thoughts about them.
8. Gloomy – उदास
Meaning – dark or poorly lit, especially so as to appear depressing or frightening.
Synonyms – dark, ill-lit, poorly lit, shadowy, sunless, dim, sombre, dingy, frowzy, drab, dismal, dreary, murky, depressing, unwelcoming, uninviting, cheerless, joyless, comfortless, funereal; grey, leaden, overcast, cloudy; literarycrepuscular, tenebrous; rareStygian, Tartarean, caliginous, subfusc.
Usage – a gloomy corridor badly lit by oil lamps.
9. Extract – उद्धरण
Meaning – remove or take out, especially by effort or force.
Synonyms – take out, draw out, bring out, pull out, remove, withdraw, pluck out, fish out, prize out, extricate; wrench out, tear out, uproot, unsheathe; produce; free, release; rarederacinate.
Usage – he switched off the recorder and extracted the cassette.
10. Severe – कठोर
Meaning – (of something bad or undesirable) very great; intense.
Synonyms – acute, very bad, serious, grave, critical, dire, drastic, grievous, extreme, dreadful, terrible, awful, frightful, appalling, sore; alarming, worrying, distressing, dangerous, perilous, life-threatening; peracute, profound; archaicparlous.
Usage – a severe shortage of technicians.