Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Castigation – दंड
Meaning – harsh verbal reprimand
Synonyms – chastisement, penalization, penalty, punishment, sanction.
Usage – the act of punishing.
2. Claimant – दावेदार
Meaning – a person making a claim, especially in a lawsuit or for a state benefit.
Synonyms – applicant, candidate, supplicant, suppliant, pretender, suitor; petitioner, plaintiff, litigant.
Usage – one in four eligible claimants failed to register for a rebate.
3. Ferment – विक्षोभ
Meaning – (of a substance) undergo fermentation.
Synonyms – brew; effervesce, fizz, foam, froth, bubble, seethe, boil; rise.
Usage – the drink had fermented, turning some of the juice into alcohol.
4. Cogitation – ऊहापोह
Meaning – the action of thinking deeply about something; contemplation.
Synonyms – thought, thinking, contemplation, consideration, mulling over, meditation, study, deliberation, pondering, reflection, rumination, musing, speculation, brooding, agonizing, worrying, puzzling; rarecerebration.
Usage – sorry, did I interrupt your cogitation?
5. Leitmotif – विशिष्ट आवर्ती स्वरलहरी
Meaning – a recurrent theme throughout a musical or literary composition, associated with a particular person, idea, or situation.
Usage – there are two leitmotifs in his score marking the heroine and her Fairy Godmother.
6. Aplomb – अभिमान
Meaning – self-confidence or assurance, especially when in a demanding situation.
Synonyms – poise, self-assurance, assurance, self-possession, self-confidence, calmness, composure, collectedness, presence of mind, level-headedness, sangfroid, equilibrium, equanimity, nerve, nonchalance.
Usage – Diana passed the test with aplomb.
7. Prole – श्रमजीवी
Meaning – a member of the working class.
Usage – the proles live in no-go areas with no jobs.
8. Dollop – बड़ा टूकड़ा
Meaning – a large, shapeless mass of something, especially soft food.
Synonyms – blob, glob, gobbet, lump, clump, ball, mound; informalgob, wodge.
Usage – great dollops of cream.
9. Expurgation – क़लम खींचना
Meaning – to cleanse of something morally harmful, offensive, or erroneous; especially :to expunge objectionable parts from before publication or presentation.
10. Predicament – दुर्दशा
Meaning – a difficult, unpleasant, or embarrassing situation.
Synonyms – difficult situation, awkward situation, mess, difficulty, problematic situation, issue, plight, quandary, trouble, muddle, mare’s nest, crisis; informalhole, fix, jam, sticky situation, pickle, scrape, bind, tight spot/corner, spot, corner, dilemma, hot/deep water, kettle of fish, how-do-you-do.
Usage – “the club’s financial predicament.