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English Questions – Vocabulary For IBPS PO – Set 162

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Hello Aspirants.

Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!

1. Castigation – दंड

Meaning – harsh verbal reprimand

Synonyms – chastisement, penalization, penalty, punishment, sanction.

Usage – the act of punishing.

2. Claimant – दावेदार

Meaning – a person making a claim, especially in a lawsuit or for a state benefit.

Synonyms – applicant, candidate, supplicant, suppliant, pretender, suitor; petitioner, plaintiff, litigant.

Usage – one in four eligible claimants failed to register for a rebate.

3. Ferment – विक्षोभ

Meaning – (of a substance) undergo fermentation.

Synonyms – brew; effervesce, fizz, foam, froth, bubble, seethe, boil; rise.

Usage – the drink had fermented, turning some of the juice into alcohol.

4. Cogitation – ऊहापोह

Meaning – the action of thinking deeply about something; contemplation.

Synonyms – thought, thinking, contemplation, consideration, mulling over, meditation, study, deliberation, pondering, reflection, rumination, musing, speculation, brooding, agonizing, worrying, puzzling; rarecerebration.

Usage – sorry, did I interrupt your cogitation?

5. Leitmotif – विशिष्ट आवर्ती स्वरलहरी

Meaning – a recurrent theme throughout a musical or literary composition, associated with a particular person, idea, or situation.

Usage – there are two leitmotifs in his score marking the heroine and her Fairy Godmother.

6. Aplomb – अभिमान

Meaning – self-confidence or assurance, especially when in a demanding situation.

Synonyms – poise, self-assurance, assurance, self-possession, self-confidence, calmness, composure, collectedness, presence of mind, level-headedness, sangfroid, equilibrium, equanimity, nerve, nonchalance.

Usage – Diana passed the test with aplomb.

7. Prole – श्रमजीवी

Meaning – a member of the working class.

Usage – the proles live in no-go areas with no jobs.

8. Dollop – बड़ा टूकड़ा

Meaning – a large, shapeless mass of something, especially soft food.

Synonyms – blob, glob, gobbet, lump, clump, ball, mound; informalgob, wodge.

Usage – great dollops of cream.

9. Expurgation – क़लम खींचना

Meaning – to cleanse of something morally harmful, offensive, or erroneous; especially :to expunge objectionable parts from before publication or presentation.

10. Predicament – दुर्दशा

Meaning – a difficult, unpleasant, or embarrassing situation.

Synonyms – difficult situation, awkward situation, mess, difficulty, problematic situation, issue, plight, quandary, trouble, muddle, mare’s nest, crisis; informalhole, fix, jam, sticky situation, pickle, scrape, bind, tight spot/corner, spot, corner, dilemma, hot/deep water, kettle of fish, how-do-you-do.

Usage – “the club’s financial predicament.