Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Protean – बहुरूपिया
Meaning – tending or able to change frequently or easily.
Synonyms – ever-changing, variable, changeable, mutable, kaleidoscopic, erratic, quicksilver, inconstant, inconsistent, unstable, unsteady, shifting, uneven, unsettled, fluctuating, chameleon-like, chameleonic; fluid, wavering, vacillating, mercurial, volatile, unpredictable, wayward, unreliable, undependable; technicallabile.
Usage – it is difficult to comprehend the whole of this protean subject.
2. Myopic – कमबीन
Meaning – short-sighted.
Synonyms – short-sighted; nearsighted; informalas blind as a bat; archaicpurblind.
Usage – most myopic children can be fitted with glasses to correct their vision.
3. Cursory – सतही
Meaning – hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed.
Synonyms – perfunctory, desultory, casual, superficial, token, uninterested, half-hearted, inattentive, unthinking, offhand, mechanical, automatic, routine; hasty, quick, hurried, rapid, brief, passing, fleeting, summary, sketchy, careless, slapdash.
Usage – a cursory glance at the figures.
4. Sobriety – संयम
Meaning – the state of being sober.
Synonyms – soberness, clear-headedness; abstinence, teetotalism, non-indulgence; abstemiousness, temperance, moderation, moderateness.
Usage – the price of beer compelled me to maintain a certain level of sobriety.
5. Appalling – भय उत्पन्न करनेवाला
Meaning – causing shock or dismay; horrific.
Synonyms – shocking, horrific, horrifying, horrible, terrible, awful, dreadful, ghastly, hideous, horrendous, frightful, atrocious, abominable, abhorrent, outrageous, hateful, loathsome, odious, gruesome, grisly, monstrous, nightmarish, heinous, harrowing, dire, vile, shameful, unspeakable, unforgivable, unpardonable; abject; disgusting, revolting, repellent, repulsive, repugnant, sickening, nauseating.
Usage – the cat suffered appalling injuries during the attack.
6. Slave – दास
Meaning – (especially in the past) a person who is the legal property of another and is forced to obey them.
Synonyms – bondsman, bondswoman, bondservant, bondslave, serf, vassal, thrall; historicalhelot, odalisque, blackbird, hierodule.
Usage – he killed the natives or turned them into slaves.
7. Crooked – कुटिल
Meaning – bent or twisted out of shape or out of place.
Synonyms – bent, curved, twisted, contorted, warped, angled, bowed, hooked.
Usage – his teeth were yellow and crooked.
8. Stingy – कंजूस
Meaning – mean; ungenerous.
Synonyms – mean, miserly, parsimonious, niggardly, close-fisted, penny-pinching, cheese-paring, penurious, Scrooge-like, ungenerous, illiberal, close; informalmingy, tight, tight-fisted; informalcheap; vulgar slangtight-arsed; archaicnear.
Usage – his boss is stingy and idle.
9. Grieve – शोक
Meaning – feel intense sorrow.
Synonyms – mourn, lament, be mournful, be sorrowful, sorrow, be sad, be miserable; cry, sob, weep, shed tears, keen, weep and wail, beat one’s breast; suffer, ache, be in anguish, be distressed, be in distress, eat one’s heart out.
Usage – she grieved for her father.
10. Divulge – प्रकाशित करना
Meaning – make known (private or sensitive information).
Synonyms – disclose, reveal, make known, tell, impart, communicate, pass on, publish, broadcast, proclaim, promulgate, declare; expose, uncover, make public, go public with, bring into the open, give away, let slip, let drop, blurt out, leak, confess, betray, admit, come out with; informalspill the beans about, let the cat out of the bag about, let on about, tell all about, blow the lid off, squeal about; informalblow the gaff on; archaicdiscover, unbosom.
Usage – I am too much of a gentleman to divulge her age.