Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Conspicuous – विशिष्ट
Meaning – clearly visible.
Synonyms – easily seen, clear, visible, clearly visible, standing out, noticeable, observable, discernible, perceptible, perceivable, detectable; obvious, manifest, evident, apparent, marked, pronounced, prominent, outstanding, patent, crystal clear, as clear as crystal; vivid, striking, dramatic, eye-catching, flagrant, ostentatious, overt, blatant, as plain as a pikestaff, staring one in the face, writ large, as plain as day; distinct, recognizable, distinguishable, unmistakable, inescapable.
Usage – he was very thin, with a conspicuous Adam’s apple.
2. Myriad – असंख्य
Meaning – a countless or extremely great number of people or things.
Synonyms – multitude, a large/great number/quantity, a lot, scores, quantities, mass, crowd, throng, host, droves, horde, army, legion, sea, swarm; informallots, loads, masses, stacks, tons, oodles, hundreds, thousands, millions, billions, zillions, more … than one can shake a stick at; informalshedload; informalslew, gazillions, bazillions, gobs; informalswag; vulgar slangshitload; vulgar slangassload.
Usage – myriads of insects danced around the light.
3. Ascetic – तपस्वी
Meaning – characterized by severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons.
Synonyms – austere, self-denying, abstinent, abstemious, non-indulgent, self-disciplined, frugal, simple, rigorous, strict, severe, hair-shirt, spartan, monastic, monkish, nunlike; reclusive, solitary, cloistered, eremitic, anchoritic, hermitic; celibate, continent, chaste, puritanical, self-abnegating, other-worldly, mortified.
Usage – an ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and manual labour.
4. Pertinent – उचित
Meaning – relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite.
Synonyms – relevant, to the point, apposite, appropriate, suitable, fitting, fit, apt, applicable, material, germane, to the purpose, apropos; ad rem; rareappurtenant.
Usage – she asked me a lot of very pertinent questions.
5. Vindictive – प्रतिशोधी
Meaning – having or showing a strong or unreasoning desire for revenge.
Synonyms – vengeful, out for revenge, revengeful, avenging, unforgiving, grudge-bearing, resentful, ill-disposed, implacable, unrelenting, acrimonious, bitter; spiteful, mean, mean-spirited, rancorous, venomous, poisonous, malicious, malevolent, malignant, malign, evil, evil-intentioned, nasty, cruel, unkind, ill-natured, baleful; informalcatty, bitchy; literarymalefic.
Usage – he never destroyed a person simply on the say-so of vindictive enemies.
6. Slacken – शिथिल करना
Meaning – make or become slack.
Synonyms – loosen, make looser, release, relax, loose; lessen, reduce, weaken; datedveer
Usage – he slackened his grip.
7. Frivolous – तुच्छ
Meaning – not having any serious purpose or value.
Synonyms – flippant, glib, waggish, joking, jokey, light-hearted, facetious, fatuous, inane, shallow, superficial, senseless, thoughtless, ill-considered, non-serious; informalflip; informaldaft; archaicfrolicsome, sportive, jocose.
Usage – they never indulged in frivolous remarks.
8. Aversion – घृणा
Meaning – a strong dislike or disinclination.
Synonyms –dislike of, distaste for, disinclination, abhorrence, hatred, hate, loathing, detestation, odium, antipathy, hostility; disgust, revulsion, repugnance, horror; phobia; resistance, unwillingness, reluctance, avoidance, evasion, shunning.
Usage – they made plain their aversion to the use of force.
9. Imperious – शाही
Meaning – arrogant and domineering.
Synonyms – peremptory, high-handed, commanding, imperial, overbearing, overweening, domineering, authoritarian, dictatorial, authoritative, lordly, officious, assertive, dominating, bullish, forceful, bossy, arrogant; informalpushy, high and mighty, throwing one’s weight around.
Usage – his imperious demands.
10. Augment – बढ़ाना
Meaning – make (something) greater by adding to it; increase.
Synonyms – increase, make larger, make bigger, make greater, add to, supplement, top up, build up, enlarge, expand, extend, raise, multiply, elevate, swell, inflate; magnify, intensify, amplify, heighten, escalate; worsen, make worse, exacerbate, aggravate, inflame, compound, reinforce; improve.
Usage – he augmented his meagre income by plying for hire as a ferryman.