Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Venial – क्षम्य
Meaning – (of a fault or offence) slight and pardonable.
Synonyms – pardonable, forgivable, excusable, condonable, tolerable, permissible, allowable, understandable, justifiable; slight, minor, unimportant, insignificant, trivial, trifling, not serious, all right, within accepted bounds.
Usage – he had compounded a number of venial failings with the mortal sin of adultery.
2. Harangue – भाषण
Meaning – a lengthy and aggressive speech.
Synonyms – tirade, lecture, diatribe, homily, polemic, rant, fulmination, broadside, verbal attack, verbal onslaught, invective; criticism, berating, censure, admonition, reproval, admonishment; exhortation, declamation, oration, peroration, speech, talk, address; informalsermon, tongue-lashing, spiel, pep talk; rarephilippic, obloquy.
Usage – they were subjected to a ten-minute harangue by two border guards.
3. Beguile – मोहना
Meaning – charm or enchant (someone), often in a deceptive way.
Synonyms – charm, attract, enchant, entrance, win over, woo, captivate, bewitch, spellbind, dazzle, blind, hypnotize, mesmerize, seduce, tempt, lead on, lure, entice, ensnare, entrap; deceive, mislead, take in, trick, inveigle, dupe, fool, double-cross, hoodwink, take advantage of; informaltickle someone’s fancy, float someone’s boat, butter up, sweet-talk, soft-soap, bamboozle, con, diddle, shaft, pull a fast one on, put one over on, take for a ride, string along, lead up the garden path, pull the wool over someone’s eyes; informalsucker.
Usage – he beguiled the voters with his good looks.
4. Lambaste – कोड़े से मारना
Meaning – criticize (someone or something) harshly.
Synonyms – criticize, castigate, chastise, censure, condemn, take to task, harangue, attack, rail at, rant at, revile, fulminate against, haul/call over the coals; upbraid, scold, reprimand, rebuke, chide, reprove, admonish, berate; informalrap someone’s knuckles, slap someone’s wrist, lay into, pitch into, tear into, lace into, dress down, give someone a dressing-down, carpet, tell off, bawl out; informaltick off, have a go at, slag off; informalchew out; rarereprehend, excoriate, objurgate.
Usage – they lambasted the report as a gross distortion of the truth.
5. Motley – पंचमेल
Meaning – incongruously varied in appearance or character; disparate.
Synonyms – miscellaneous, disparate, diverse, assorted, sundry, varied, mixed, diversified, heterogeneous.
Usage – a motley crew of discontents and zealots
6. Surreptitious – छल से किया हुआ
Meaning – kept secret, especially because it would not be approved of.
Synonyms – secret, stealthy, clandestine, secretive, sneaky, sly, furtive, concealed, hidden, undercover, covert, veiled, under the table, cloak-and-dagger, backstair, indirect; black.
Usage – low wages were supplemented by surreptitious payments from tradesmen.
7. Bereave – वंचित करना
Meaning – be deprived of a close relation or friend through their death.
Synonyms – deprive, dispossess, rob, divest, strip.
Usage – she had recently been bereaved.
8. Hone – सान चढ़ाना
Meaning – sharpen (a blade).
Synonyms – sharpen, make sharper, make sharp, whet, strop, grind, file, put an edge on; rareedge, acuminate.
Usage – he was carefully honing the curved blade.
9. Decry – दोष देना
Meaning – publicly denounce.
Synonyms – denounce, condemn, criticize, censure, damn, attack, fulminate against, rail against, inveigh against, blame, carp at, cavil at, run down, pillory, rap, lambaste, deplore, disapprove of, vilify, execrate, revile; disparage, deprecate, discredit, derogate, cast aspersions on; informalslam.
Usage – they decried human rights abuses.
10. Scour – दस्त
Meaning – clean or brighten the surface of (something) by rubbing it hard, typically with an abrasive or detergent.
Synonyms – scrub, rub, clean, wash, cleanse, wipe; polish, buff (up), shine, burnish; abrade; dight; archaicfurbish.
Usage – she scoured the cooker and cleaned out the kitchen cupboards.