Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Lacerate – फाड़ना
Meaning – tear or make deep cuts in (flesh or skin).
Synonyms – cut (open), gash, slash, tear, rip, rend, mangle, mutilate, maim, maul, shred, score, scratch, scrape, graze, incise; knife, gouge, split, cleave, hack, stab, tear apart, butcher, savage, wound, injure, hurt, damage.
Usage – jagged edges that lacerated their arms.
2. Lambaste – कोड़े से मारना
Meaning – criticize (someone or something) harshly.
Synonyms – criticize, castigate, chastise, censure, condemn, take to task, harangue, attack, rail at, rant at, revile, fulminate against, haul/call over the coals; upbraid, scold, reprimand, rebuke, chide, reprove, admonish, berate; informalrap someone’s knuckles, slap someone’s wrist, lay into, pitch into, tear into, lace into, dress down, give someone a dressing-down, carpet.
Usage – they lambasted the report as a gross distortion of the truth.
3. Torment – यातना
Meaning – severe physical or mental suffering.
Synonyms – agony, suffering, torture, pain, anguish, misery, distress, affliction, trauma, wretchedness, woe; hell, purgatory.
Usage – their deaths have left both families in torment.
4. Suffrage – मताधिकार
Meaning – the right to vote in political elections.
Synonyms – franchise, right to vote, voting rights, the vote, enfranchisement, ballot; voice, say, option, choice.
Usage – the congress is elected for five years by universal adult suffrage.
5. Vaccinate – टीका लगाना
Meaning – treat with a vaccine to produce immunity against a disease; inoculate.
Usage – all the children were vaccinated against tuberculosis.
6. Lacuna – कमी
Meaning – an unfilled space; a gap.
Usage – the journal has filled a lacuna in Middle Eastern studies.
7. Motley – पंचमेल
Meaning – incongruously varied in appearance or character; disparate.
Synonyms – miscellaneous, disparate, diverse, assorted, sundry, varied, mixed, diversified, heterogeneous.
Usage – a motley crew of discontents and zealots.
8. Redound – सहायता देना
Meaning – contribute greatly to (a person’s credit or honour).
Synonyms – contribute to, be conducive to, result in, lead to, effect; have an effect on, affect; formalconduce to.
Usage – he must hope that his diplomatic effort will still redound to his credit.
9. Berate – गाली देना
Meaning – scold or criticize (someone) angrily.
Synonyms – rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reprove, admonish, remonstrate with, chastise, chide, upbraid, take to task, pull up, castigate, lambaste, read someone the Riot Act, give someone a piece of one’s mind, go on at, haul over the coals, criticize, censure.
Usage – she had to berate Patsy and Betsy for giggling.
10. Umpteen – अनेक
Meaning – indefinitely many; a lot of.
Usage – you need umpteen pieces of identification to cash a cheque.