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English Questions: Cloze Test Set – 81

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Hello Aspirants.
Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in Affairs Here we are creating question sample in Cloze test, which is BASED ON IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams !!!

August 1947 may have been the month India became independent but July 1991 was when it was truly transformed. Indians today are reaping the benefits of (1) reform decisions taken that month by the P V Narasimha Rao–Manmohan Singh duo. In the 25 years since, India has shaken off the moniker of being bound by an (2)  “Hindu” rate of growth and risen to be a force to reckon with in the world. Its per capita income has (3) and India is now the world’s third largest economy in purchasing power parity terms. Gains in poverty reduction have been the fastest ever the country has experienced.
But a lot more remains to be done if the country is to make its “tryst with destiny”. The country is (4) slow to reform as its political class has convinced itself that anything but the most (5) pace will accept the electoral apple cart. GST is a case in point – although it will (6) the country into a common market, it has been hanging fire for more than a decade. Our product markets have been reformed, but the same cannot be said for labour, land and to some (7) capital markets. India still ranks 130th among 189 countries in ease of doing business, trailing countries it wants to compete with by a wide margin. New projects require between 90 and 140 permissions to go ahead.
All of these contribute to the “missing middle” of India’s economy: its services sector may have taken off, but manufacturing has been slow to grow. That explains India’s poor quality of growth. With farmers and their children unable to move to factories for employment, 60% of India’s population remains (8) in the villages which produce only 14% of India’s income. Some say we can leapfrog manufacturing into services, but that requires an educational revolution. However, education remains (9) by a lack of reform as the licence raj mentality still reigns supreme there.
The current NDA government has adopted a gradualist course of reform when the previous NDA government headed by Atal Bihari Vajpayee had been bolder. Prime Minister Narendra Modi promised “minimum government, maximum governance” in the run-up to 2014 Lok Sabha polls, we have seen little of that in practice. But it is a worthy goal to strive towards: given government’s (10) resources it must prioritise and focus on a few essential tasks, and do them well. Else we may require another 1991-like crisis to push us into reform.

  1. 1) trifling
    2) trivia’s
    3) pragmatics
    4) immaterial
    5) momentous
    Answer –5)
    Explanation : momentous  /spoiler]
  2. 1) allegedly
    2) differently
    3) inconsistently
    4) frequently
    5) constantly
    [spoiler title="Answer & Explanation" icon="plus" style="fancy"]Answer – 1)
    Explanation : allegedly

  • 1)  anticipate
    2) quintupled
    3) boniness
    4) leanness
    5) constrictions
    Answer – 2)
    Explanation : quintupled

  • 1) cryptically
    2) ambiguously
    3) concealed
    4) notoriously
    5) abstrusely
    Answer – 4)
    Explanation : notoriously

  • 1)  snug
    2) lukewarm
    3) glacial
    4) balmy
    5) clement
    Answer – 3)
    Explanation : glacial

  • 1) rivalry
    2) unify
    3) battle
    4) distinguish
    5) collision
    Answer – 2)
    Explanation : unify

  • 1)  gut
    2) visceral
    3) endogenous
    4) extent
    5) autogenous
    Answer – 4)
    Explanation : extent

  • 1) delight
    2) stuck
    3) loosen
    4) unfasten
    5) stride
    Answer – 2)
    Explanation : stuck

  • 1)  lucrative
    2) hamstrung
    3) preserve
    4) tranquillity
    5) procrastinate
    Answer – 2)
    Explanation : hamstrung

  • 1)  stretched
    2) constricted
    3) precarious
    4) cramped
    5) contracted
    Answer – 1)
    Explanation : stretched