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In the next month, the US Treasury Department is expected to decide whether to seek to replace the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act’s regulator-led process for resolving failed mega-banks with a solely court-based mechanism. Such a change would be a mistake of potentially crisis-size (1) .
Yes, creating a more (2) bankruptcy process can reduce the (3) level of a bank’s failure, and bankruptcy judges are experts at important restructuring tasks. But there are critical factors that cannot be ignored. Restructuring a mega-bank requires pre-planning, familiarity with the bank’s strengths and weaknesses, knowledge of how to time the bankruptcy properly in a volatile economy, and the capacity to coordinate with foreign regulators.
The courts cannot fulfill these tasks alone, especially in the time the (4) under consideration has allotted – a 48-hour weekend. Unable to plan ahead, the courts would enter into the restructuring process unfamiliar with the bank. Moreover, the courts cannot manage the kind of economy-wide crisis that would arise if multiple mega-banks sank (5) . And they cannot coordinate with foreign regulators.
In short, completing a proper restructuring would require contributions from regulators, including pre-planning, advice, and coordination. Yet, far from accepting these contributions, the plan would largely cut regulators out of the process.
For example, the plan would bar regulators from initiating a mega-bank’s bankruptcy, leaving it to the (6) of the bank’s own managers. In the nonfinancial sector, failing companies often wait too long before declaring bankruptcy, so creditors may step in to do some pushing, (7) even forcing a bankruptcy of a failed firm. While bank regulators have tools to push banks similarly, their most effective one is the power to initiate a bankruptcy when it is best for the economy.
Taking this tool away could have severe adverse (8) . Bank executives, like sinking industrial firm executives, have reason to “pray and delay,” hoping that some new development will save them. But if a failing mega-bank runs out of cash during such a delay, the risk that its bankruptcy will be (9) – as with Lehman Brothers in 2008 – rises, as does the potential that it will wreak (10) on the real economy.
- 1) wrinkled
5) stonyAnswer – 2)
Explanation: proportions – a part, share, or number considered in comparative relation to a whole.
- 1) tufted
5) tousledAnswer – 3)
Explanation: streamlined – design or provide with a form that presents very little resistance to a flow of air or water, increasing speed and ease of movement.
- 1) bearded
5) retractionAnswer – 4)
Explanation: decibel – a unit used to measure the intensity of a sound or the power level of an electrical signal by comparing it with a given level on a logarithmic scale.
- 1) denial
5) proposalAnswer – 5)
Explanation: proposal – a plan or suggestion, especially a formal or written one, put forward for consideration by others.
- 1) bushy
5) bumpyAnswer – 2)
Explanation: simultaneously – at the same time.
- 1) discretion
5) unpromisingAnswer – 1)
Explanation: discretion – the quality of behaving or speaking in such a way as to avoid causing offence or revealing confidential information.
- 1) fuzzy
5) walkoverAnswer – 4)
Explanation: potentially – with the capacity to develop or happen in the future.
- 1) scraggy
5) intelligibleAnswer – 4)
Explanation: consequences – a result or effect, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.
- 1) rugged
5) cinchAnswer – 4)
Explanation: disorderly – lacking organization; untidy.
- 1) scabrous
5) havocAnswer – 5)
Explanation: havoc – widespread destruction.