Welcome to Online English in AffairsCloud.com. We are providing English Grammar Which is very Important Part of English Language, here we will discuss about Pronoun and its types, Which is very important for all Competitive Exams!!!
Type of Pronoun –
there are different types of pronouns which are
1. Personal Pronouns
2. Reflexive Pronouns
3. Emphatic Pronouns
4. Demonstrative Pronouns
5. Indefinite Pronouns
6. Distributive Pronouns
7. Relative Pronouns
2. Reflexive Pronoun:
When the suffix -self is added to personal pronouns like my, your, them, it etc, we call them compound pronouns.
These compound pronouns are also known as reflexive pronouns if they are used in such a way that the action defined in the sentence turns back at the subject.
See the Example –
I hurt myself.
In this sentence, the word I is the subject and the word myself is a compound pronoun. The compound pronoun used here is reflexive in nature because it indicates the subject or in a simple way makes us go back to the subject.
Ex – The boys hid themselves.
In this sentence, the word boys is the subject and the word themselves is a compound pronoun. This compound pronoun is reflexive in nature because it try to indicate the subject or looks back at the subject.
3. Emphatic Pronoun:
The compound pronouns such as myself, themselves, itself, herself etc can act as emphatic pronouns.
In a sentence, if a compound pronoun used tries to emphasis on the subject it is known as emphatic pronoun.
Ex – I will do it myself.
In this sentence, the word I is the subject and the word myself is a compound pronoun. Here ‘I will do it’ is a complete sentence which makes us understand that the subject I will do the work. But, the word myself tries add more force to the subject.
Ex – I myself heard the remark.
In this sentence, the word I is the subject and the word myself is a compound pronoun. Here, ‘I heard the remark’ is a complete sentence but myself is used to add more force to the subject .
4. Demonstrative Pronoun:
Words such as ‘this’, ‘these’, ‘those’, ‘that’, ‘such’ etc which tries to point out an object are known as demonstrative pronouns.
Ex – I have heard your explanations. These are merely excuses.
In the above example, the word explanations is a noun and the word these is a pronoun. Here the word these is a demonstrative pronoun because it points out the noun.
5. Indefinite Pronoun:
Words which refer to a person or thing in a general way but not in particular are known as indefinite pronouns.
Some of indefinite pronouns are ‘one’, ‘none’, ‘somebody’, ‘nobody’, ‘few’, ‘many’, ‘others’, ‘any’, ‘anybody’, ‘everyone’ etc.
Ex – None of his poems are well known.
In the above sentence, the word poems is a noun and the word none is a pronoun. The word none tries to denote all the poems but in a general manner and does not point out any particular poem. Hence this is called indefinite pronoun.
6. Distributive Pronoun:
Words which refer to persons or things but one at a time are known as distributive pronouns.
Generally ‘each’, ‘either’, and ‘neither’ are called distributive pronouns.
Ex – Either of these roads leads to the railway station.
Here the word either is a pronoun and the word roads is a noun. This sentence tells us that there are two roads and both roads lead to the railway station. The word either is used to denote the noun roads which is in plural form. This pronoun points out the noun but one at a time. Hence it is known as distributive pronoun.
7. Relative Pronoun:
If a pronoun tries to relate to a noun which is mentioned earlier in a sentence (antecedent), then this pronoun is called relative pronoun.
Words like ‘who’, ‘whose’ and ‘whom’ are known as relative pronouns based on their usage in a sentence.
Ex – These are the boys whom all praise.
In this sentence, the word whom is a pronoun. It denotes a group or a set of boys. Hence it tries to relate or connect to a noun which is mentioned earlier in the sentence. So, it is called relative pronoun.