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English Grammar : Gerund and infinitive (The Gerund)

Welcome to Online English in AffairsCloud.com. We are providing English Grammar Which is very Important in English Language, we are providing you Gerund and infinitive (The Gerund) , Which are very important for all Competitive Exams!!!

What is a gerund? – The Gerund always ends in ING.

Example –

HOWEVER, IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT THE PRESENT PARTICIPLE ALSO ENDS IN ING.

EXAMPLE :

  • Swimming is my hobby
  • Writing is more difficult than reading
  • They were watching TV when I arrived.
  • John will be teaching in that school for the next two years.

What is the difference between a gerund and the present participle?

you can differentiate between the gerund and the present participle as follows :

  • Gerunds function as nouns.
  • Gerunds can be a subject, direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions.
  • Present participles, on the other hand, complete progressive verbs or act as modifiers.EXAMPLES OF GERUND:
  • Cycling is fun. (subject)
  • I like cycling. (direct object)
  • He gives fishing all his time.( indirect object)
  • He has devoted all his life to fishing. (object of the preposition to)EXAMPLES OF PRESENT PARTICIPLE:
  • They were eating when the bell rang. (eating is a present participle which is part of the past progressive tense “were eating”)
  • I bought a fishing book. (writing is a present participle modifying book)

English Grammar : Gerund and infinitive (The infinitive)