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Current Affairs Quiz:5 June 2024

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  1. In May 2024, the Department of School Education & Literacy (DoSE&L) under the Ministry of Education signed an MoU with __________ to create an institutional framework for the Digital Library Platform ‘Rashtriya e-Pustakalaya’.
    1) All India Council of Technical Education
    2) Sahitya Akademi
    3) National Book Trust
    4) University Grants Commission
    5) National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning
    Answer-3) National Book Trust
    The Department of School Education & Literacy (DoSE&L), Ministry of Education (MoE), Government of India (GoI) has signed a Memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the National Book Trust (NBT) to create an institutional framework for Rashtriya e-Pustakalaya, a Digital Library Platform.
    • This collaboration aims to enhance the accessibility of non-academic books for children and adolescents across India.
    • The Rashtriya E-Pustakalaya aims to resolve the ‘last mile’ accessibility issue for many states by offering over 10,000 books in more than 100 languages within the next 2-3 years.

  2. Which central university has recently (in May ‘24) signed three MoUs with Nokia, Plasser India, and Jacobs to strengthen the partnership between industry and academia?
    1) Central University of South Bihar
    2) Central University of Punjab
    3) University of Delhi
    4) Gati Shakti Vishwavidyalaya
    5) Central University of Kerala
    Answer-4) Gati Shakti Vishwavidyalaya
    Gati Shakti Vishwavidyalaya (GSV) has signed three Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) with Nokia Corporation, Plasser (India) Private Limited, and Jacobs Solutions Inc. to strengthen the partnership between industry and academia.
    • The MoU with Nokia will focus on collaboration with research in the domain of 5G/6G communications targeting air, land and sea transportation use cases including Standards development, Smart Factory/Automation, AI/ Generative Artificial Intelligence (GenAI) Labs.
    • Under this MoU, Plasser and GSV will collaborate in the field of research, teaching, and training of students to deepen their understanding on topics related to rail sector.
    • The MoU with Jacobs will enhance advancement in the field of research, teaching, and training activities pertaining to the transport, rail and semiconductor sectors.

  3. Which institute has recently (in May ‘24) received the Nelson Mandela Award for Health Promotion for 2024 from the World Health Organization (WHO) during the 77th World Health Assembly (WHA) held in Geneva, Switzerland?
    1) Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
    2) National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru
    3) Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, New Delhi
    4) All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi
    5) Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh
    Answer-2) National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru
    The 77th World Health Assembly(WHA 77) was held in Geneva, Switzerland from 27th May to 1st June 2024.
    • The theme of 2024 WHA is “All for Health, Health for All”.
    • Bengaluru(Karnataka)-based National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS) bagged the Nelson Mandela Award for Health Promotion for 2024 by WHO.
    • WHA 77 unanimously adopted various amendments to the International Regulations 2005 (IHR 2005) based on 300 proposals made by member states after COVID-19 Pandemic.
    • India hosted a side event on Women, Children and Adolescent Health in partnership with Norway, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (PMCH) in Geneva, Switzerland.
    • WHO launched new Investment Round aiming to raise USD 7 billion of funds to support countries to tackle global challenges such as: climate change, displacement, poverty and inequality.Click here to read more

  4. Name the personal finance mobile application that was recently (in June ‘24) launched by the Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) for investors.
    1) e-AMRIT
    2) Samman
    3) C- CARES
    4) Sankalan
    5) Saarthi 2.0
    Answer- 5) Saarthi 2.0
    On 3rd June 2024, The Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) launched the “Saa₹thi” (SAARTHI) 2.0” mobile application on personal finance for investors. The app introduced a user-friendly interface with comprehensive tools which aims to simplify complex financial concepts.
    • The app includes financial calculators and has modules that explain Know Your Customer (KYC) procedures, mutual funds, and Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs).
    i.SEBI has imposed a penalty of Rs 2.5 lakh on Samco Securities Limited, a SEBI-registered Stock Broker, for alleged discrepancies found in the customer onboarding process and not submitting data to the SEBI’s inspection team.
    ii. Around 24 online bond platforms formed an association named, the Online Bond Platform Providers (OBPP) Association of India, to represent the industry, promote retail participation in the domestic debt markets and interact with regulators.Aditi Mittal, Co-founder and Director, IndiaBonds, was appointed as the Chairman of the OBPP Association.

  5. In May 2024, Adani One and ___________ jointly launched India’s 1st co-branded credit cards with airport-linked benefits in collaboration with the card network Visa.
    1) HDFC Bank
    2) Axis Bank
    3) ICICI Bank
    4) IndusInd Bank
    5) Bank of Baroda
    Answer-3) ICICI Bank
    Adani One and ICICI Bank jointly launched India’s 1st co-branded credit cards with airport-linked benefits in collaboration with a card network Visa. The cards will be available in 2 variants, Adani One ICICI Bank Signature Credit Card and Adani One ICICI Bank Platinum Credit Card.
    • This collaboration aims to offer customers rewards and benefits across the consumer network of the Adani Group while strengthening ICICI Bank’s credit card portfolio.
    • Benefits include premium lounge access, free air tickets, the Pranaam Meet & Greet service, discounts at duty-free outlets and airports, free movie tickets, and rewards on groceries, etc.
    • The cards also offer benefits such as buy one, get one on movie tickets, and a 1% fuel surcharge waiver, etc.

  6. Which organisation has recently (in June ‘24) cancelled the auction of 10-year green bonds as traders refused to pay the ‘greenium’, the premium for sustainability impact?
    1) Securities and Exchange Board of India
    2) Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India
    3) World Bank
    4) Reserve Bank of India
    5) International Monetary Fund
    Answer-4) Reserve Bank of India
    The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) cancelled the planned auction of 10-year green bonds, as traders refused to pay the ‘greenium’. The cancellation to the absence of a “greenium,” indicates investors’ reluctance to accept lower yields.
    i.The cancellation of the green bond sale for 2024-25 marks the 1st instance of such an auction since the inception of green bond sales in January 2023.
    ii.The government plans to issue green bonds worth Rs 12,000 crore in the first half of the current financial year (2024-2025), diverging from the usual practice of issuing bonds in the 2nd half.

  7. Who has been recently (in June ‘24) elected as the first woman President of the United Mexican States(Mexico)?
    1) Andrés Manuel López Obrador
    2) Zuzana Caputov
    3) Nadia Calviño Santamaría
    4) Mette Frederiksen
    5) Claudia Sheinbaum
    Answer-5) Claudia Sheinbaum
    On 3rd June 2024, Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo of the Morena party, has been elected as the first Female President of the United Mexican States (Mexico). She will succeed her political mentor, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who has been serving as President of Mexico since 2018.
    • She will officially sworn-in as the President of Mexico for a 6-year term on 1st October 2024.
    • She will also become the 1st person of Jewish heritage to become the Head of State of Mexico.
    • Sheinbaum is also the 1st woman to win a general election in the United States of America(USA), Mexico or Canada.

  8. Name the China National Space Administration’s (CNSA) lunar probe that has recently (in June ‘24) made a soft landing on the moon’s far side to collect and return samples.
    1) INSAT-3DS
    2) Peregrine Mission One
    3) Chang’e-6
    4) Odysseus(Nova-C)
    5) Luna 1
    Answer-3) Chang’e-6
    On 2nd June 2024, the China National Space Administration’s (CNSA) Chang’e-6 lunar probe made a soft landing on the moon’s far side to collect and return samples from the rarely explored far side of the moon, a first of its kind in human lunar exploration history.
    • Chang’e-6 with the support of the Queqiao-2 relay satellite landed in the South Pole-Aitken (SPA) Basin, specifically the Apollo Basin crater.
    • China is the only country to achieve a soft landing on the far side of the moon and Chang’e 6 is a robotic, not crewed, mission.
    • On 4 June 2024, the ascender of the Chang’e-6 probe successfully lifted off from the lunar surface, carrying rock and soil samples collected from the moon’s far side.
    • A Chinese national flag was unfolded on the far side of the moon for the 1st time after sampling.Click here to read more

  9. Name the satellite that was recently (in May ‘24) launched by the European Space Agency to study the role of clouds and aerosols in Earth’s climate.
    1) PACE
    2) Axiom 3
    3) TSAT-1A
    4) EarthCARE
    5) PREFIRE
    Answer-4) EarthCARE
    On 29th May 2024, The European Space Agency (ESA) launched EarthCARE (Earth Cloud Aerosol and Radiation Explorer) satellite onboard SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket from the Vandenberg Space Force Base in California, the United States of America (USA).
    • EarthCARE, a joint venture between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), will study how clouds and aerosols affect Earth’s climate.
    • It was designed and built by a consortium of more than 75 companies under Airbus as the prime contractor.
    • EarthCARE is designed to examine the role clouds and aerosols in reflecting incident solar radiation back out to space and trapping infrared radiation emitted from Earth’s surface. This data is crucial for understanding and mitigating climate change.

  10. Name the new ant species that has been recently (in June ‘24) discovered in Arunachal Pradesh’s Siang Valley.
    1) Batillipes Chandrayaani
    2) Ablennes gracali
    3) Paraparatrechina neela
    4) Peucetia chhaparajnirvin
    5) Pantoea Tagorei
    Answer-3) Paraparatrechina neela
    Researchers have discovered a new ant species named Paraparatrechina neela in Arunachal Pradesh’s remote Siang Valley. The name neela, which signifies the colour blue in most Indian languages, was derived from its unique blue colouration. It is easily distinguishable from all known species of Paraparatrechina by its metallic-blue body.
    • This discovery marks the 1st new species of Paraparatrechina in 121 years.
    • The findings of the new species were published in the peer-reviewed journal ZooKeys.
    • Paraparatrechina is a genus of small ants, measuring 1–2 millimeters (mm) long, in the subfamily Formicinae.
    • P. neela has an opaque, metallic blue body with exceptions in antennae, mandibles, and legs.