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The Fourth NITI Aayog- DRC Dialogue Held in Mumbai
On November 1, 2018, the 4th Dialogue of the NITI Aayog – Development Research Centre (DRC) of the State Council, Peoples’ Republic of China was held in Mumbai.
i. The Chinese delegation was led by Mr. Li Wei, President of DRC and
The Indian delegation was led by Dr Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog.
ii. This is the second ministerial dialogue between China and India since the meeting of Chinese President Xi Jinping and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Johannesburg during the BRICS summit in July 2018.
iii. The Fifth edition of the NITI – DRC Dialogue will be held in Wuhan, China in November, 2019
Inter-Session Meeting of Consultative Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare in New Delhi
On 1st November 2018, the Inter-Session Meeting of Consultative Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare in New Delhi.
i. Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Radha Mohan Singh addressed the meeting focused on the “Climate Resilient Villages and their Replication.”
ii. Details about Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)’s flagship programme National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) was briefed.
iii. NICRA aims to develop adaptation and mitigation practices to minimize the losses and improve resilience of Indian agriculture.
iv. It is taken up in 151 climatically vulnerable districts of India by taking one representative village in each district.
v. Major climatic vulnerabilities addressed in the project are drought, flood, cyclone, heat wave, cold wave, frost and hail storm.
About Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR):
♦ Director General – Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra
♦ Location – New Delhi
1st ‘Annual Senior Care Conclave – Igniting Industry for India’s Ageing Sector’ held in New Delhi
On November 2, 2018, 1st ‘Annual Senior Care Conclave – Igniting Industry for India’s Ageing Sector’ held at the Indian Habitat Centre in New Delhi.
i. It was hosted by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in collaboration with Columbia Pacific Communities as their Premium Partner .
ii. Hon’ble Minister of State for Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, Ms. Anupriya Patel delivered the key note address and released the CII report- “Igniting Potential in Senior Care Services”.
iii. The conclave aimed to discuss, debate and catalyze the growth of the sector by unlocking latent and potential opportunities.
iv. It consisted of 4 planery sessions and 2 special sessions. They are as follows:
- Plenary Session 1: CEO Panel Discussion on Senior Care Sector – emerging trends. The focus of the plenary session was on ways to unlock the potential of the Senior Care sector.
- Plenary Session 2: Inclusive Growth and dev for elders in India – bridging the gap. The session was powered by Columbia Pacific Communities.
- Special Plenary Session 1: “International Best Practices in Senior Care”. The session highlighted best practices and globally relevant trends in the sector.
- Plenary Session 3:”Inspiring capital markets to improve liquidity in senior care services”.
- Special Plenary Session 2: “Building New partnership in Senior care.”
- Plenary Session 4: “Torchbearers of the evergreen future.” The session was powered by Seniority India.
Initiatives of the Health Ministry in Senior Care sector:
In her address in the Conclave, Minister of state Smt. Anupriya Patel highlighted the initiative of the Health Ministry in this regard with the “National Programme for the Health Care of Elderly (NPHCE)” scheme.
i. It addresses various health related issues aims to provide dedicated health care facilities to the senior citizens (>60 year of age) at various level of primary, secondary and tertiary health care.
ii. Some strategies if of the NPHCE are:
Preventive and promotive care, management of illness, health manpower development for geriatric services, medical rehabilitation & therapeutic intervention and IEC.
iii. It was launched in 100 identified districts of 21 States and Eight Regional Geriatrics Centres in selected medical colleges during the 11th plan period.
iv. As on March 2018, 520 districts in 34 states and UT’s had been sanctioned along with 19 regional geriatric centres in government medical colleges of 18 states.
v. 2 National Centres for Ageing(NCA) in AIIMS Delhi and Madras Medical College, Chennai have been sanctioned to be centres of excellence.
vi. In 2018-19, 79 more districts have been recommended, taking the number of districts sanctioned for provision of geriatric care services to 599 districts.
Columbia Pacific Communities:
CEO: Mr Mohit Nirula,
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi.
♦ President: Mr. Rakesh Bharti Mittal.
DHARMA GUARDIAN – 2018: a 14-day joint military exercise between Indian & Japanese Armies commenced in Mizoram
On November 1, 2018, first-of-its-kind exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN – 2018, a joint military exercise between Indian & Japanese Armies, commenced at Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School, Vairengete, Mizoram, India.
It will be a 14 days long exercise continuing till November 14, 2018.
i. The respective armies were represented by:
- Japan: 32nd Infantry Battalion and
- India: 6/1 Gorkha Rifles.
ii.The exercise aims to build and promote army to army relations in addition to exchanging skills.
iii.This will consist of:
- Joint training, planning and execution of well-developed tactical drills for neutralization of threats in urban warfare scenario.
♦ Capital: Tokyo.
♦ Currency: Japanese yen.
IAMAI formed committee to promote Augmented and Virtual Reality (AR/VR)
On October 29, 2018, the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) formed a new industry expert committee, under its Emerging Technology Council, focused on AR/VR.
To promote Augmented and Virtual Reality(AR/VR) technology to drive economic growth, job creation, and skill development in the country.
i. Namrita Mahindro, Senior General Manager, – Digital Transformation, Mahindra Group will chair the committee and Satyajeet Singh, Head –Strategic Product Partnership, India & South Asia, Facebook will be the co-chair.
ii. Other members of the committee include Vaibhav Kumar Yadav, product head- JioCinema and GM, Reliance JIO, Ajit Kumar, Partner, Deloitte Digital, Mahesh Prabhu, VP-Global Head of Innovation, ITC Infotech.
iii. The IAMAI AR / VR committee will focus on:
- Collaboration between industry demand and supply side to enhance awareness,
- Enable dialogue, knowledge sharing and access,
- Promote research and innovation and help develop industry standards.
i. According to a Market Pulse report by GrowthEnabler, the Indian AR/VR industry is expected to grow at a compounded annual growth rate of 76 percent by 2022.
ii. According to an estimate by Statista, the AR and VR is expected to reach a market size of $209.2 billion by 2022.
Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI):
♦ Headquarters: Mumbai.
♦ President: Subho Roy.
♦ Chairman: Rajan Anandan (Google).
3-day 13th Indo-Myanmar Regional Border Committee Meet held at Mantripukhari Garrison, Imphal
On November 2, 2018, the 3-day 13th Indo-Myanmar Regional Border Committee Meet concluded at Mantripukhari Garrison in north Imphal.
i. It was held under the aegis of Spear Corps of Indian Army.
ii. A 19-member delegation consisting of officials of the Myanmar Army, police and bureaucratic departments attended the meeting.
iii. The Indian delegation was headed by Lieutenant General Gopal R, AVSM, SM, GOC Spear Corps and the Myanmar delegation was headed by Maj Gen Phone Myat, Commander, North West Command.
The Indo-Myanmar Regional Border Committee Meet is a bi-annual landmark event which provides, representatives of Security Forces and Civil establishment of both the India and Myanmar, a platform to discuss and resolve crucial issues relating to border management, bi-lateral cooperation and insurgency.
♦ Capital: Naypyidaw.
♦ Currency: Burmese kyat.
Kolkata tops in public transport index: Ola
On November 2, 2018, according to a study named ‘Ease of Moving Index’ by Ola Mobility Institute, city of Kolkata topped among all metro cities in public transport.
i. 80% of people in cities — would prefer using public transport over personal vehicles.
ii. Kolkata secured the highest score while Patna and Bhubaneswar topped the list for growing and emerging cities.
iii. Kolkata outscored the other metros in terms of cleanliness and tops the charts when it comes to affordability of public transport.
iv. People in Chennai are the heaviest users of public transport among the metro cities while Mumbai scores lowest.
v. 51% residents of Mumbai preferred public transport than the personal vehicles.
vi. New Delhi was rated highly in terms of safety and ranked the best among the big cities in affording parking space to its residents.
vii. New Delhi also has the best surface quality of roads.
viii. In Hyderabad, highest coverage of public transport.
ix. Patna has the nearest bus stop at 8 mins away.
x. Ahmedabad scored highest in cleanest public transport services.
xi. Women in Jabalpur feel the safest using public transport.
xii. Following shows the overall metrocity scores:
i. 75% Indians believe electric vehicles will replace conventional vehicles by 2030.
ii. 85% people feel providing electric buses will improve public transport.
About the Index:
i. The Ease of Moving Index 2018 covered 20 cities with over 43,000 people participating in the survey that measured perceptions on key aspects of urban mobility.
ii. The survey consisted of the following aspects:
- Road Quality,
- Parking Availability,
- Air Quality,
- Conditioon of Footpath & Cycle tracks,
- Usages of Cycles,
- Compactness of city and
- Environmental Awareness.
♦ Headquarters: Bengaluru.
♦ CEO & Co-founder: Bhavish Aggarwal.
SMiLE virtual tour guide to give fillip to Malabar tourism: Kerala
On October 31, 2018, to give boost to Malabar tourism, the Kerala Tourism Department launched a ‘SMiLE Virtual Tour Guide’ site for the region in north Kerala.
i. SMiLE is the acronym for: ‘Small and Medium Industries Leveraging Experiential’ Tourism.
ii. It was conceived by and executed by Bekal Resorts Development Corporation (BRDC) that focuses on eco-friendly and experiential tourism.
iii. For the concept and execution, the government provided Rs 50 lakhs to BRDC.
iv. The features of the site offer:
- Information on 40 Malabar attractions,
- Ways to reach them, plan tours and fix reminder alarm notification, means to share portal material, find accommodation and book rooms,
- Helpline numbers for women and ambulance service,
- A mobile app that offers location-based information alongside a three-minute video that plays on visiting any attraction in Malabar.
v. The 40 Malabar destinations the VTG covers are
- Arakkal Palace (near Kannur city),
- Bekal fort,
- The 1862 AD-founded Brennen College (Thalassery),
- Neeleswaram Palace,
- The Madayipara flat-topped hillock (Kannur district),
- The 1505-built Kannur fort and Dharmadom Island (Thalassery).
♦ Capital: Thiruvananthapuram.
♦ Chief Minister: Pinarayi Vijayan.
♦ Governor: Palanisamy Sathasivam.
♦ National Parks: Periyar National Park, Silent Valley National Park, Pampadum Shola National Park, Mathikettan National Park, Eravikulam National Park, Anamudi Shola National Park.
Decommissioned carrier INS Viraat to become a floating museum: Maharashtra cabinet
On November 2, 2018, the conversion of decommissioned carrier INS Viraat into a floating museum was approved by the Maharashtra Cabinet.
i. The project is worth Rs. 852 crore and will be implemented through public-private-partnership (PPP).
ii. The decision was aimed to make the new generation familiar with the glorious history of INS Viraat.
iii. The carrier will be housed on a concrete foundation near Nivati Rocks in Sindhudurg in Konkan region of Maharashtra.
About INS Viraat:
The ship is the world’s oldest aircraft carrier, according to the Indian Navy, which bought it in 1986 and recommissioned it a year later. At present, Viraat is at Mumbai’s Naval dockyard after its decommissioning in 2017.
♦ Capital: Mumbai.
♦ Chief Minister: Devendra Fadnavis.
♦ Governor: C. Vidyasagar Rao.
♦ National Parks: Tadoba Andheri Tiger Reserve, Chandoli National Park, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Navegaon National Park.
‘Little India Gate’ inaugurated in Indonesia’s Medan city
On October 28, 2018, the first-of-its-kind ‘Little India Gate’ was inaugurated at Kampung Madras or Madras Village area in Medan city, Indonesia.
i. It was jointly inaugurated by
- India’s ambassador to Indonesia and Timor Leste Pradeep Kumar Rawat and
- Mayor of Medan H T Dzulmi Eldin S.
ii. It was developed to recognize the contribution of Indian community in the development of Medan city, the 4th largest city of the country.
iii. It will be promoted as an iconic tourist spot in Medan city as it is the first such structure in entire Indonesia.
iv. It represents Bhinneka Tunggal Ika’ or Unity in Diversity of Indonesia and of the Indian belief in ‘Vasudev Kutubakam’, meaning the world is one family.
Every year, Kampung Madras becomes a meeting point for Hindu and Tamil festivals such as Thaipusam or the Tamil New Year, Pongal and Diwali.
♦ Capital: Jakarta.
♦ Currency: Indonesian rupiah.
♦ Language: Indonesian, Malay.
India Pavilion inaugurated at Videocittà 2018 in Rome Film Festival; India was the partner country for RFF
On November 2, 2018, an Indian Pavilion was inaugurated at Videocittà 2018 event in Rome Film Festival.
i. India was the partner country for the event that focused on Virtual Reality, Video gaming, Animation, Film Making, etc.
ii. It was organized along with Rome Film Festival and Mercato Internazionale dell’Audiovisivo (MIA) (the International Audio Visual Market).
iii. India’s participation at Videocittà 2018, Rome was organized by Ministry of Information & Broadcasting and coordinated on Ministry’s behalf by FICCI.
iv. Indian delegation at the Film Festival was led by Shri Ashok Kumar Parmar, Joint Secretary, Ministry of I&B, Govt. of India.
v. The delegation focused on showcasing diversity in films in India and collaborations with various other countries.
vi. The Indian Pavilion was inaugurated by Joint Secretary (Films), Ministry of Information & Broadcasting Shri Ashok Kumar Parmar.
vii. The pavilion showcased Indian films’ heritage, ease of film shooting in India, promoted film shooting locations in India, International Film Festival of India and Audio Visual Co Production between India and Italy.
Important event at the Film Festival:
i. The Indian films screened in Videocittà were:
Chalo Jeete Hain, Village Rockstars, Sinjar, Take off, Ladakh Chale Rickshawala, Newton, Kahaani and Queen
ii. Whereas, the cultural performances in the India Pavillion at Videocittà consisted of:
Kathak, Bharatanatyam, Sufi Recitals, Yoga, Bollywood song and Dance.
iii. Filmmaker Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra’s upcoming film “Mere Pyaare Prime Minister” was the only Asian film which was screened at the Rome Film Festival.
♦ Capital: Rome.
♦ Currency: Euro.
First Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health held in WHO Headquarters in Geneva
On November 1, 2018, the 3-day long 1st Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health concluded at the World Health Organisation’s headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
Theme of the conference was: “Improving Air Quality, Combatting Climate Change-Saving Lives”.
To combat one of the world’s most significant causes of premature death: Air Pollution.
i. It was held in collaboration with:
- The UN Environment,
- World Meteorological Organization (WMO),
- The Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC),
- The Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC) and
- The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
ii. Additional funding is provided by the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF), the UN Foundation and the Wellcome Trust.
iii. Air pollution exceeding recommended WHO Air Quality levels causing 7 million deaths annually.
iv. According to WHO, household air pollution is a leading killer in poor rural and urban homes.
v. Up to one-third of deaths from stroke, lung cancer and heart disease are due to air pollution.
vi. Affordable strategies to reduce this include reducing key pollution emissions from the transport, energy, agriculture, waste and housing sectors.
vii. Also, Health-conscious strategies can reduce climate change and support Sustainable Development Goals for health, energy and cities.
♦ Full Form: World Health Organization.
♦ Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland.
BANKING & FINANCE
Kirloskar group got RBI licence to open Rs. 1000 crore NBFC Kirloskar Capital
On November 1, 2018, Reserve Bank of India gave licence to the Kirloskar group to launch a non-banking finance company (NBFC) named Kirloskar Capital.
i. Kirloskar group would invest Rs 1,000 crore over the next three years in the proposed NBFC , which will be a fully-owned subsidiary of Kirloskar Oil Engines.
ii. The NBFC would focus on providing growth capital to industry with an initial focus on small and medium enterprises (SMEs).
iii. It will be headed by industry veteran Vimal Bhandari as CEO.
iv. Prior to joining Kirloskar Capital, Bhandari was the chief executive of Indostar Capital.
♦ Chairman: Atul Kirloskar.
♦ Headquarters: Pune.
APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS
Supreme Court gets 4 new judges: Justices Hemant Gupta, R Subhash Reddy, M R Shah and Ajay Rastogi
On 2nd November 2018, Justices Hemant Gupta, R Subhash Reddy, M R Shah and Ajay Rastogi were sworn in as judges of the Supreme Court.
i. Chief Justice of India, Ranjan Gogoi administered oath of office to the four judges.
ii. On 1st November 2018, President Ram Nath Kovind approved the promotion of these four judges as Supreme Court judges, based on the recommendation of the Supreme Court Collegium.
iii. Earlier, Justice Hemant Gupta was the chief justice of the Madhya Pradesh High Court. R Subhash Reddy was the chief justice of Gujarat High Court.
iv. Justice M R Shah was the chief justice of the Patna High Court. Justice Ajay Rastogi was the chief justice of the Tripura High Court.
v. The Supreme Court has a sanctioned strength of 31. With the induction of these new judges, the strength has increased from 24 to 28.
Air Marshal MSG Menon, VSM takes over as Director General (Wks & Cer) of Indian Air Force
Air Marshal MSG Menon VSM has taken charge as Director General (Wks & Cer) of Indian Air Force (IAF).
i. Previously, he was the Assistance Chief of Air Staff (AF Wks) at Air Headquarters. He is a Cat ‘AYE’ Air Traffic Controller.
ii. He was a member of the first United Nations Mission to Sudan. He was Commandant of Air Force Administrative College, Coimbatore and Principal Director Ops (Air Traffic Services).
iii. He served as Assistance Chief of Air Staff (Org & Ceremonial). He was awarded Vishisht Seva Medal (VSM) in 2016.
Justice Ramesh Ranganathan appointed Chief Justice of Uttarakhand
On 2nd November 2018, Justice Ramesh Ranganathan was sworn in as the Chief Justice of Uttrakhand High Court.
i. Previously, he served as the senior-most judge of the Hyderabad High Court. He replaces Justice KM Joseph who was promoted to the Supreme Court.
ii. Ramesh Ranganathan was administered the oath by Uttarakhand Governor Baby Rani Maurya in Raj Bhavan, Dehradun.
iii. Ramesh Ranganathan was born in Delhi on July 28, 1958. He was a Government Pleader from 1996 to 2000. He was Additional Advocate General from 2000 to 2004.
Atul Goel takes over as MD, CEO of UCO Bank
On 2nd November 2018, Atul Kumar Goel took charge as Managing Director and CEO of UCO Bank.
i. Earlier, Atul Kumar Goel was executive director of Union Bank of India. He has replaced R K Takkar who completed his three-year term on November 1, 2018.
ii. He started his carrier as Chartered Accountant in Allahabad Bank in 1992. He has worked in various segments like corporate credit, foreign exchange and treasury.
About UCO Bank:
♦ Tag line – Honors Your Trust
♦ Headquarters – Kolkata
G.N. Bajpai resigns as Director of Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services (IL&FS)
GN Bajpai resigned as Director of Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services (IL&FS), with effect from October 30, 2018.
i. GN Bajpai resigned from the board of IL&FS citing personal reasons. He is a former chairman of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).
ii. He was one of the 7 directors appointed on the IL&FS board by the government, following National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) order, recently.
iii. Following his resignation, the members remaining on IL&FS board are:
- Banker Uday Kotak, chairman
- ICICI Bank executive chairman GC Chaturvedi
- IAS officer and the director general of shipping Malini Shankar
- Mahindra group’s Vineet Nayyar
- Auditor Nandkishore
- CS Rajan, a former chief secretary of Rajasthan
About Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services Ltd (IL&FS):
♦ Type – infrastructure development and finance company
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
World’s longest DNA sequence decoded
A team of United Kingdom scientists led by Matt Loose at Nottingham University, have created a new record for decoding the world’s longest DNA sequence.
i. The scientists have produced a DNA read that is nearly 10,000 times longer than normal. Also, it is two times larger than the previous record from Australia.
ii. The DNA used for the long read was that of a human. At present, DNA is cut into smaller pieces and then reassembled during the process of sequencing.
iii. This improvement will make sequencing genetic information quick and easy, as long DNA sequences can be decoded.
iv. Also, Matt Loose’s team recently produced the most complete human genome sequence using a palm-sized “nanopore” sequencing machine.
v. These methods could be used to study cancer genomes, where the DNA gets rearranged.
China launches new high-orbit satellite to boost its BeiDou global satellite navigation system
On 2nd November 2018, China successfully launched a high orbit satellite to boost its BeiDou global satellite navigation system, from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in Sichuan Province, China.
i. This is the first BeiDou-3 satellite in high orbit, nearly 36,000 km above the Earth. It will follow the Earth’s rotation, in a geostationary orbit, and will view the same point on Earth continuously.
ii. The satellite will serve countries in the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).
iii. BeiDou global satellite navigation system will be the fourth global satellite navigation system after the US GPS system, Russia’s GLONASS and the European Union’s Galileo.
iv. It is being developed to outsmart the United States Global Position System (GPS).
♦ Capital – Beijing
♦ Currency – Renminbi
♦ Official language – Standard Chinese
♦ President – Xi Jinping
Shakti : India’s first indigenous microprocessor developed by IIT-Madras
On November 1, 2018, India’s first microprocessor, Shakti, was designed and booted up by researchers at Indian Institute of Technology-Madras (IITM).
To reduce reliance on imported microprocessors in the communication and defence sectors.
i. This is India’s first indigenously-developed microprocessor and can be used in mobile computing devices, embedded low-power wireless and network systems.
ii. The Shakti processors were made at semi-conductor laboratory (SCL) of ISRO in Chandigarh.
iii. The project is funded by Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
The team is now ready with ‘Parashakti’, an advanced microprocessor for super computers which will be ready by December 2018.
Rahul Dravid receives ICC Hall of Fame cap from Sunil Gavaskar
On 1st November 2018, former Indian cricket captain Rahul Dravid was formally inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame.
i. Rahul Dravid received his ICC Hall of Fame cap from fellow ICC Cricket Hall of Famer Sunil Gavaskar in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
ii. Rahul Dravid was named in the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame along with Australia’s Ricky Ponting and England’s Claire Taylor at the ICC Annual Conference in Dublin in July 2018.
iii. Rahul Dravid is the 5th Indian cricketer to be formally inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame after: Bishen Singh Bedi, Kapil Dev, Sunil Gavaskar and Anil Kumble.
iv. Rahul Dravid had played 164 Tests and 344 ODIs for India from 1996 to 2012. He had scored 24,177 runs in Tests and ODIs.
About International Cricket Council (ICC):
♦ Chairman – Shashank Manohar
♦ CEO – David Richardson
♦ Headquarters – Dubai, United Arab Emirates
International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists – 2 November
On 2nd November 2018, International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists was observed throughout the world.
i. When: The United Nations General Assembly declared 2 November as the ‘International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists’.
ii. The date was chosen to commemorate the assassination of two French journalists in Mali on 2nd November 2013.
iii. Why: This day aims to promote a safe and enabling environment for journalists to do their work independently and without interference.
33rd Army Aviation Day celebrated on 1 November 2018
On 1st November 2018, Army Aviation Corps celebrated its 33rd Raising Day.
i. On this day, a Wreath Laying Ceremony was held at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, New Delhi. Wreath was laid by Lieutenant General Kanwal Kumar, Colonel Commandant and Director General of Army Aviation and other officials.
ii. Army Aviation Corps is the aerial manoeuvre arm of the Indian Army. It has played a major role by providing air support to soldiers and also relief to people at times of natural calamity.
About Indian Army:
♦ Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) – General Bipin Rawat
♦ Headquarters – New Delhi
World Vegan Day – November 1
On 1st November 2018, World Vegan Day was celebrated throughout the world.
i. When: This day was established in 1994 by Louise Wallis, then Chair of The Vegan Society, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of founding The Vegan Society and the coining of the terms: “vegan” and “veganism”.
ii. Why: This day highlights the benefits of veganism. Veganism is the practice of not consuming any animal products like milk, curd, eggs, cheese, honey, meat etc.
iii. Also, the month of November is observed as World Vegan Month.
About The Vegan Society:
♦ Chairperson – Stephen Walsh
♦ Location – Birmingham, England