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Japanese PM Fumio Kishida visited India to attend 14th India-Japan annual summit 2022 in New Delhi
i.The Prime Minister (PM) of Japan, Fumio Kishida, was on a two-day visit to India to attend 14th India-Japan annual summit 2022 on March 19-20,2022 in New Delhi, Delhi. He was invited by the Indian PM Narendra Modi.
ii.This was Fumio Kishida’s first visit to the country since he took charge of the office last year, and also his first meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
iii.The last India-Japan annual summit took place in 2018 in Tokyo.
iv.PM Narendra Modi gifted Fumio Kishida a ‘Krishna Pankhi’, a sandalwood artifact by master artisans in Churu in Rajasthan with intricate work with its windows depicting different poses of Lord Krishna, representing love, compassion and tenderness.
v.Both sides finalized 7 loans from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) JICA Loans worth Rs 20400 crores for projects in connectivity, water supply and sewerage, horticulture, healthcare, and biodiversity conservation in various Indian States.
Currency– Japanese Yen
>> Read Full News
NCRTC Unveils India’s First RRTS Train Along the Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut Corridor
The National Capital Regional Transport Corporation (NCRTC) has recently brought to light India’s first rapid rail along the Delhi to Meerut corridor. This train will be the first on a regional corridor in the country to have a business or “premium” coach.
- This Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) train is the first-of-its-kind system in which trains, with a design speed of 180 km per hour, will be available every 5 – 10 minutes and cover the distance between Delhi and Meerut in 55 minutes with 14 stoppages.
- The entire 82 km (approx.) Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut RRTS route, will have 25 stations in total, including two depots at Duhai and Modipuram of Uttar Pradesh and one stabling yard at Jangpura, New Delhi.
i The train’s first phase of production began in 2021 and is presently nearing the testing and trial phase, which will be completed by the end of 2022.
ii.The Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut RRTS corridor is expected to save over 2,50,000 tonnes of CO2 per year, making it the most energy efficient transport system in the world. After the implementation of Kawach technology and the new Vande Bharat trains in India, this step appears to be even more significant.
iii.By March 2023, the train is planned to cover five stations between Sahibabad, Ghaziabad District, and Duhai, both in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS
ACC Extends Tenure of Jay Shah as President Till 2024
The Asian Cricket Council (ACC) extended the tenure of Jay Shah as ACC President, its Executive Board and Committees until 2024. The decision was taken by ACC AGM in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
- He was unanimously elected as the President of the ACC on 30 January 2021. He succeeded Najmul Hasan Papon, Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB) chief.
- The Asia Cup 2022 (T20 Format) will be held in Sri Lanka from 27 August – 11 September 2022.
The ACC also appointed Pankaj Khimji, as the Vice President and Mahinda Vallipuram as Chairman of the Development Committee.
About Asian Cricket Council (ACC):
The ACC is subordinate to the International Cricket Council (ICC). The council is Asia’s regional administrative body & responsible for organising the Asia Cup tournaments.
Indian Economist Jayati Ghosh Enters the UN’s Advisory Board On Effective Multilateralism
United Nations (UN) Secretary General Antonio Guterres has appointed Jayati Ghosh, an Indian development economist, to a new 12-member high-level Advisory Board on Effective Multilateralism in the UN.The Advisory Board on Effective Multilateralism will be co-chaired by Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, former Liberian President and Nobel laureate, and Stefan Lofven, former Swedish Prime Minister.
- The new advisory board will be tasked with building on the ideas in ‘Our Common Agenda,’ such as the importance of women and girls and the need to consider the interests of young people and future generations, to make concrete recommendations for more effective multilateral arrangements on a variety of key global issues.
- Its suggestions are non-binding, but they will feed member states’ discussions at the proposed Summit of the Future in 2023.
About Our Common Agenda of the UN:
Our Common Agenda is a set of actions aimed at strengthening and speeding up multilateral agreements, particularly the 2030 Agenda, and making a real difference in people’s lives. It presents the Secretary-General’s vision on the future of global cooperation through an inclusive, networked, and effective multilateralism.
About Jayati Ghosh:
i.She is a chairperson of the Centre for Economic Studies and Planning, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, Delhi.
ii.She was appointed by Guterres in January 2021 as a member of the UN’s High-Level Advisory Board (HLAB) on Economic and Social Affairs.
iii.She has received several prizes, including for distinguished contributions to the social sciences in India in 2015; the International Labour Organisation’s Decent Work Research Prize for 2010; the NordSud Prize for Social Sciences 2010, Italy.
About United Nations (UN):
Secretary-General – António Guterres
Establishment – 1945
Headquarters – New York, USA
Member States – 193 countries.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Relativistic Klystron Amplifier: China Develops Laser Weapon to Destroy Satellites in Space
The researchers from China have developed a microwave machine ‘Relativistic Klystron Amplifier (RKA)’ to jam/destroy satellites or sensitive electronics in satellites in space. It will function as a high-powered laser weapon.
- The device can generate a wave burst of 5 Megawatts (MW) in the Ka-band. This band is a portion of the electromagnetic spectrum used for civil and military purposes.
i.RKA can be mounted onto satellites for attacking enemy assets in space.
ii.Notably, China is currently denying that their RKA is a Directed Energy Weapon (DEW)., which is a system that uses concentrated electromagnetic energy to destroy enemy equipment in a physical conflict.
- However, if RKA were built at scale, it could generate beams strong enough to go through metallic objects moving at high speeds,
Pankaj Advani Bags Asian Billiards Championship 2022 for 8th time in Doha
The Arjuna & Padma awardee cueist, Pankaj Advani won his eighth title at the 19th Asian 100 UP Billiards Championship 2022 in Doha, Qatar.
- This is the 40th international title and 8th Asian crown won by Pankaj Advani.
i.Pankaj Advani defeated compatriot India’s Dhruv Sitwala by six frames.
ii.Earlier, he also defeated Pauk Sa of Myanmar to secure a spot in the final of the championship.
About Pankaj Advani:
i.Pankaj Arjan Advani is an Indian billiards and former professional snooker player.. He has won 16 billiards world titles and the World Team Billiards Championship once.
ii.He is known by his nicknames- ‘The Prince of India’, ‘The Golden Boy’ and ‘The Prince of Pune’.
- Arjuna Award for Billiards and Snooker
- Padma Bhushan (2018)
- Padma Shri (2009)
- Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna award
Ferrari’s Charles Leclerc wins F1 season-opening Bahrain GP
Ferrari’s driver Charles Leclerc (Monaco) won the season-opening Bahrain Grand Prix 2022 of Formula one (F1) held at Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir, Bahrain. Carlos Sainz (Spain) driving Ferrari finished second by one-two.
i.While Lewis Hamilton (Great Britain) driving Mercedes secured third podium, The fourth podium was secured by George Russell (Britain) representing Mercedes.
ii.Kevin Magnussen (Danish) finished fifth representing the Haas team.World champion Max Verstappen (Belgian-Dutch) was forced out with an electrical issue two laps before the end.
iii.The F1 championships are organised by Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA).
About Bahrain Grand Prix:
i.The Bahrain Grand Prix is also called the Gulf Air Bahrain Grand Prix is a Formula One motor racing event in Bahrain.
ii.The first race took place at the Bahrain International Circuit on 4 April 2004.It was the first Formula One Grand Prix to be held in the Middle East, and was given the award for the “Best Organised Grand Prix” by International Automobile Federation (FIA)
- Laps- 57
- Circuit length- 5.412 km (3.363 mi)
- Most wins (drivers)- Lewis Hamilton (5)
- Repeat Winners (Constructor)- Ferrari
- Number of times held- 17
About Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA):
President – Mohammed bin Sulayem
Headquarters – Paris, France
Indian Wells Masters 2022 : Taylor Fritz won defeating Rafael Nadal
Indian Wells Masters, also known as the Indian Wells Open and BNP Paribas Open held in California,United States from March 7, 2022 to March 20, 2022.Taylor Harry Fritz, an American professional tennis player, beat Rafael Nadal to win the ATP Indian Wells Masters, snapping the 21-time Grand Slam champion’s streak of 20 consecutive triumphs.
i.Fritz, previously ranked 20th in the world, won his second career win and first at the Masters 1000 level, depriving Nadal of a record-equalling 37th Masters trophy. He is now ranked 8th in Singles for Men by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP).
ii.Fritz’s victory in the ATP Masters 1000 tournament, made him the first American to capture the crown since Andre Agassi in 2001.
Men’s singles – Taylor Fritz, United States
Women’s singles – Iga Swiatek , Poland
Men’s doubles – John Isner, United States and Jack Sock, United States
Women’s doubles – China Xu Yifan , and China Yang Zhaoxuan
The Queen Of Triple Jump, Yulimar Rojas Created World Record By Clearing 15.74 metres
Venezuelan athlete, Yulimar Rojas nicknamed “la reina del triple salto – queen of the triple jump” created a World Record (WR) by clearing 15.74 metres (m) to win gold at the World Indoor Championships 2022 in Belgrade, Serbia.
- Rojas who is 6’4 jumped 15.67m (WR) in Tokyo Olympics 2020 to claim Gold Medal, smashing the previous best of 15.50m set by Ukraine’s Inessa Kravets in 1995. Rojas won third straight world indoor triple jump gold, adding to successes in Portland, United States of America in 2016 and Birmingham, United Kingdom in 2018.
- Yulimar Rojas is the first female Olympic gold medalist from Venezuela.
Bangladesh’s ex-interim president Shahabuddin Ahmed passes away
Shahabuddin Ahmed, the former President of Bangladesh has passed away at the age of 92 at Dhaka,Bangladesh. Shahabuddin was born on February 1, 1930 in the Netrokona, Bangladesh.
About Shahabuddin Ahmed:
i.He was the interim head of state as the consensus nominee of all parties amid a mass upsurge in 1990 to topple ex-military dictator HM Ershad.
ii.Shahabuddin Ahmed also served as the President of Bangladesh from 1996 to 2001.
iii.Shahabuddin Ahmed was responsible for holding a “free and credible” election in the country in February 1991.
iv.During his nine-month rule he ensured press freedom by amending a number of laws, including the Special Powers Act.
v.After his presidential tenure, he resumed his position as the chief justice of Bangladesh.
About Republic of Bangladesh
President- Abdul Hamid
Prime minister- Sheikh Hasina
Currency- Bangladeshi taka
World Sparrow Day 2022 – March 20
World Sparrow Day (WSD) is annually observed in more than 50 countries across the world on 20th March to create awareness and celebrate the ecological significance of sparrows, or common house sparrows (Passer domesticus).
The theme for WSD is “I LOVE Sparrows”. The theme has been inspired by the hope that people will celebrate the relationship between people and sparrows.
i.The World Sparrow Day (WSD) is an initiative of the Nature Forever Society (NFS) of India, in collaboration with the Eco-Sys Action Foundation of France and other national and international organisations.
ii.The first-ever World Sparrow Day was observed on 20th March 2010.
>> Read Full News
International Day of Happiness 2022 – March 20
The United Nations(UN)’s International Day of Happiness is annually observed across the globe on 20th March to recognise the importance of happiness in the lives of people around the world.
The day recognises that the pursuit of happiness is a fundamental human goal.
- As per United Nations Development Programme(UNDP), the theme of International Day of Happiness 2022 is “Build Back Happier”.
- According to happinessday.org, the official campaign of the International Day of Happiness is “Happiness For All, Ukraine”.
i.The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/66/281 on 28th June 2012 and proclaimed the 20th March of every year as the International Day of Happiness.
ii.The first-ever International Day of Happiness was observed on 20th March 2013.
World Oral Health Day 2022 – March 20World Oral Health Day(WOHD) is annually observed across the world on 20th March to create awareness about the importance of oral health. The day also aims to reduce the burden of oral diseases, which affect individuals, health systems and economies everywhere.
Purpose: To empower people with the knowledge, tools and confidence to secure good oral health.
Campaign theme – 2021-2023:
The three-year campaign theme 2021-2023 of World Oral Health Day is “Be Proud of Your Mouth”.
- The campaign provides an opportunity to explore the links between oral health, general health and quality of life.
i.World Oral Health Day(WOHD) is an initiative of the FDI World Dental Federation (FDI), an organization that unites the world of dentistry with the aim of achieving optimal oral health for everyone.
ii.The WOHD was first declared in 2007 and was originally celebrated on 12 September, which marks the birth anniversary of Dr Charles Godon, Founder of FDI.
iii.The campaign was fully activated in 2013 and the date was changed to 20th March to avoid conflict with the FDI World Dental Congress which takes place in September.
Why March 20?
The 20th March was chosen to reflect that, Seniors must have a total of 20 natural teeth at the end of their life to be considered healthy and Children should possess 20 baby teeth.
Healthy adults must have a total of 32 teeth and 0 dental cavities, this expressed on a numerical basis can be translated as 3/20 hence March 20.
India’s National Oral Health Programme(NOHP)
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare(MoHFW), Government of India has initiated a National Oral Health Programme to provide integrated, comprehensive oral health care in the existing health care facilities.
Objective: To improve the determinants of oral health, To reduce morbidity from oral diseases, To integrate oral health promotion and preventive services with the general health care system, and To encourage the Promotion of Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) model for achieving better oral health.
UN’s French Language Day 2022 – March 20
The United Nations(UN)’s French Language Day is annually observed across the globe on 20th March to create awareness among the international community about the history, culture and use of the French Language.
- March 20 is recognized by the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF) as the International Day of La Francophonie.
OIF celebrates the International Day of La Francophonie 2022 under the theme « La Francophonie de l’avenir » (english: The Francophonie of the Future).
i.On 21st February 2010, on the occasion of International Mother Language Day, the United Nations Department of Public Information (DPI) announced the launch of “UN Language Days”, a new initiative that aims to celebrate multilingualism and cultural diversity.
ii.The 6 Language Days are dedicated to the six official languages of the UN, English, Arabic, Chinese, Spanish, French and Russian.
>> Read Full News
World Down Syndrome Day 2022 – March 21 The United Nations(UN)’s World Down Syndrome Day(WDSD) is annually observed across the globe on 21st March to raise public awareness about Down Syndrome, a chromosome disorder that affects approximately 3,000 to 5,000 children, every year.
- 21st March 2021 marks the observance of 11th World Down Syndrome Day.
- The theme of WDSD 2022 is “InclusionMeans”.
- Down Syndrome Awareness Ribbon – Blue and yellow bow symbol.
i.WDSD was first observed in several countries in 2006 and its website was launched and maintained by the Down Syndrome Association Singapore from 2006-10 on behalf of Down Syndrome International (DSi).
ii.The United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/66/149 on 19th December 2011 and proclaimed the 21st March of every year as World Down Syndrome Day.
iii.The first-ever UN-recognised World Down Syndrome Day was observed on 21st March 2012.
Why March 21?
The date 21/3 (21st March) is chosen as “World Down Syndrome Day” because Down syndrome or Trisomy 21 happens when a person is born with a 3rd copy of the 21st chromosome.
The #LotsOfSocks campaign aims to create awareness about Down syndrome and help people to talk about WDSD.
As a part of the campaign, people wear mismatched or most colourful socks to create awareness about down syndrome.
i.Down syndrome (or Trisomy 21) is a naturally occurring chromosomal arrangement that has always been a part of the human condition.
ii.It occurs when an individual has an extra partial (or whole) copy of chromosome 21.
iii.The reason for the occurrence of this syndrome is not yet identified.
iv.The estimated incidence of Down syndrome is between 1 in 1000 to 1 in 1100 live births worldwide.
International Nowruz Day 2022 – March 21
The United Nations (UN)’s International Day of Nowruz is annually observed across the globe on 21st March to create awareness about Nowruz, which promotes values of peace and solidarity between generations and within families as well as reconciliation and neighbourliness.
- The word Nowruz (Novruz, Navruz, Nooruz, Nevruz, Nauryz), means “new day”.
- Nowruz marks the first day of spring and is celebrated on the day of the astronomical vernal equinox, when the sun crosses the celestial equator and night and day are equal in length, which usually occurs on 21 March.
The celebration of Nowruz in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Turkey was inscribed as an element in 2009, and extended in 2016, on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
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World Puppetry Day 2022: 21 MarchWorld Puppetry Day was observed on 21 March 2022. It aims to recognize puppetry as a global art form and to pay tribute to and honor puppeteers from around the world.
- It is celebrated on March 21 every year.
- The World Puppetry Day was established in 2003 by the Union Internationale de la Marionnette (UNIMA) also known as the International Puppetry Association.
i.On this day, Sangeet Natak Akademi under the Ministry of Culture (MoC) is organizing a puppet festival ‘Putul Utsav’ in five cities in India, which include Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh), Hyderabad (Telangana), Angul (Odisha), New Delhi (Delhi) and Agartala (Tripura).
- Theme of the festival- ‘Azadi ke Rang, Putul Ke Sang’.
ii.The festival will retold the stories of freedom struggles of India through the medium of puppets.
iii.Various forms of puppetry art such as String, Shadow, Rod and Hand puppets will be showcased.
- Puppetry in India was traditionally a temple-based art, whose themes were borrowed from puranic literature, mythology, epics and local legends.
About Union Internationale de la Marionnette (UNIMA):
UNIMA is a non-governmental organization affiliated with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
International Day of Forests 2022 observed March 21
i.Since 2013, the International Day of Forests (IDF) has been observed annually on March 21 to celebrate and raise awareness of the importance of all types of forests. The IDF 2022 was observed on the theme ‘Forests and sustainable production and consumption’.
ii.It is being organized by the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF), and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), in collaboration with Governments, the Collaborative Partnership on Forests and other relevant organizations in the field.
iii.This year’s caters to the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 12 i.e. Responsible Consumption and Production.
About Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO):
Director-General– Qu Dongyu
Headquarters– Rome, Italy
>> Read Full News
International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 2022 – March 21
The United Nations(UN)’s International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is annually observed across the globe on 21st March to address the issues of racial discrimination and to create awareness about the need for the elimination of racial discrimination.
The observance remembers the victims of the 1960 Sharpeville Massacre in South Africa,
The theme of International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 2022 is “Voices for Action against Racism”.
i.The United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) adopted the resolution 2142(XXI) on 26th October 1966 and proclaimed the 21st March of every year as International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
ii.The first International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination was observed on 21st November 1967.
>> Read Full News
World Poetry Day 2022: March 21, 2022Every year on March 21st, World Poetry Day celebrates humanity’s most treasured forms of cultural and linguistic expression and identity. Poetry is a personal form of expression that opens doors to others, deepens the dialogue that drives all human progress and is more important than ever in difficult times.
- World Poetry Day was organized for the first time on 21st March 2000.
i.The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) at its 30th General Conference in Paris in 1999 first adopted 21 March as World Poetry Day.
ii.It was designated with the aim of supporting linguistic diversity through poetic expression and increasing the opportunity for endangered languages to be heard.
iii.The International Decade of Indigenous Languages (IDIL) 2022–2032, headed by UNESCO, kicks off on March 21, 2022, with World Poetry Day, reaffirming the international community’s commitment to helping indigenous peoples in their efforts to conserve their cultures, knowledge, and rights.
>> Read Full News
Karnataka Govt. develops Dishaank App for Land Survey Records
The Dishaank is the mobile application, which is developed to provide seamless access of land records to the people of Karnataka.
- The app was developed under the Karnataka Geographical Information System (K-GIS) program of the Karnataka State Remote Sensing Applications Center (KSRSAC).
- KSRSAC works under the Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms (e-Governance), Government of Karnataka.
About Dishaank app:
i.The Survey Settlement and Land Records (SSLR) of the Revenue Department of Karnataka will provide easy access to original land records through this app.
ii.It targets to avail the information about the land and its ownership as recorded in the database of Bhoomi project since 1990.
iii.The geo-referenced village map data was linked to the land records by SSLR so that citizens do not have to approach the revenue department to know the land details.
iv.Information provided by app-
It provides information about the land, which includes the name of the landowner, area of land, type of ownership, type of land, litigations, land category and other related information.
About Bhoomi Project:
The project is jointly funded by the Union Government and the Government of Karnataka and developed and implemented by National Informatics Centre (NIC). It aims to digitize land records of Karnataka.
Chief Minister- Basavaraj S Bommai
Bird Sanctuary– Adichunchanagiri Peacock sanctuary, Attiveri Bird sanctuary
Heritage site– Group of Monuments at Hampi
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Current Affairs Today (AffairsCloud Today)
|S.no||Current Affairs 22 March 2022|
|1||Japanese PM Fumio Kishida visited India to attend 14th India-Japan annual summit 2022 in New Delhi|
|2||NCRTC Unveils India’s First RRTS Train Along the Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut Corridor|
|3||ACC Extends Tenure of Jay Shah as President till 2024|
|4||Indian Economist Jayati Ghosh Enters The UN’s Advisory Board On Effective Multilateralism|
|5||Relativistic Klystron Amplifier: China Develops Laser Weapon to Destroy Satellites in Space|
|6||Pankaj Advani Bags Asian Billiards Championship 2022 for 8th time in Doha|
|7||Ferrari’s Charles Leclerc wins F1 season-opening Bahrain GP|
|8||Taylor Fritz won ATP Indian Wells defeating Rafael Nadal|
|9||The Queen Of Triple Jump, Yulimar Rojas Created World Record By Clearing 15.74 metres|
|10||Bangladesh’s ex-interim president Shahabuddin Ahmed passes away|
|11||World Sparrow Day 2022 – March 20|
|12||International Day of Happiness 2022 – March 20|
|13||World Oral Health Day 2022 – March 20|
|14||UN’s French Language Day 2022 – March 20|
|15||World Down Syndrome Day 2022 – March 21|
|16||International Nowruz Day 2022 – March 21|
|17||World Puppetry Day 2022: 21 March|
|18||International Day of Forests 2022 observed March 21|
|19||International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 2022 – March 21|
|20||World Poetry Day 2022: March 21, 2022|
|21||Karnataka Govt. develops Dishaank App for Land Survey Records|