Afghanistan’s 1st Vice President (VP) Amrullah Saleh declared himself as ‘the caretaker President of Afghanistan’ after President Ashraf Ghani fled the Taliban captured country. Currently, Afghanistan is under the control of Taliban, capturing Kabul after the U.S led forces left the country.
- According to the Constitution of Afghanistan, ’In absence, escape, resignation or death of the President, the 1st VP will be the caretaker President’ of the country.
- Saleh formerly served as the country’s fifth 1st VP of Afghanistan from 2020 and served as the Minister of Interior Affairs of Afghanistan in 2018 and 2019.
- He was born in 1972 in Panjshir, Afghanistan
- He was the head of Afghanistan’s Intelligence Agency, National Directorate of Security (NDS) from 2004 to 2010.
The Taliban : History
i.The word ‘Taliban meaning Students’ in the Pashto language, emerged in 1994 around the city of Kandahar, Afghanistan.
ii.It was one of the factions which were fighting a civil war to rule the country following the withdrawal of the Soviet Union in 1989 and the subsequent collapse of the government in 1992.
iii.Taliban (1996-2001): Within two years, the Taliban had gained control over most of the country and proclaimed an Islamic Emirate in 1996 .
iv.Following the September 11, 2001 attacks in the US by Al-Qaeda, US backed forces in the north captured Kabul by ousting Taliban completely.Taliban’s founder and original leader was Mullah Mohammad Omar who died in 2013.
v.Taliban have taken control of Afghanistan nearly 20 years after the US-led military alliance left the country.
Former President – Ashraf Ghani
Capital – Kabul
Currency – Afghani