An analysis of the unit-level data from the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) 2017-18, conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), found that 33% of India’s skilled youth are jobless. 4 out of 10 youth who received vocational training are out of the labour force. Nearly a third of trained young men and more than a third of trained young women were unemployed.
- Formal training: In 2017-18, only 1.8% of the population (15-29 years) reported receiving formal vocational/technical training. 42% of the youth who received formal technical training were not part of the labour force.
- Informal training: Informal vocational training was received by 5.6% (such as hereditary, self-learning, and on the job training).
- Not trained: 93% of the population did not receive any vocational/technical training from either formal or informal sources. Among this, 62.3% were out of the labour force.
- Unemployed trained youth: The unemployment rate among freshly trained youth, who completed training, was higher at 40%.
- Categories: The PLFS collected data on fields of training which are categorized under 22 heads. The bulk of the trainees were in the fields of electronics, Information technology (IT)/ Information Technology Enabled Services (ITeS) sector, apparels, and mechanical engineering. More than 80% of the trainees in the fields of agriculture & food processing, telecom, media & mass communication were men. The fields of beauty & wellness, apparel, handicrafts, hospitality and healthcare were dominated by women.
- Overall status: The principal status workforce participation rate (WPR) declined 7.4% points between 2011-12 and 2017-18 to 71.4% in rural India. The urban WPR was 69% in 2017-18.
- Rural India: In rural India, the share of male casual workers saw the sharpest fall between 2011-12 and 2017-18, declining 7.6% points to 19.8%. Overall female WPR fell 3.9% points between 2011-12 and 2017-18 to 21%
- Urban India: For urban females, the WPR has witnessed a small improvement, rising from 16.6% in 2011-12 to 17.1% in 2017-18. The WPR fell for urban males but the decline (4.5 percentage points) was smaller compared to that among rural males.
♦ Parent Organization: Ministry of Statistics of the Government of India
♦ Established: 1950