The report on Food & Nutrition Security (FNS) Analysis of India developed by UN (United Nations) World Food Programme in partnership with Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) stated that 31.4% of Indian children under five years will still be stunted by 2022.
- Reduction: Stunting in children in India under the age of five has reduced at a rate of about 1% per year in the last decade.
- India must double its rate of progress to reach the target of 25% by 2022 set by the National Nutrition Mission.
- Poor Vs High: Poorest wealth quintile has high rates of stunting (51.4%), among Children against highest wealth quintile having (22.2%).
- Foodgrain yield: Over the last two decades, Food grain yields have risen 33% but are still only half of 2030 target yields. Despite having sufficient production of rice, wheat, and other cereals, the per capita availability of these grains has not increased due to inequality, population growth, and food wastage.
- The stunting in children under 5years of age is the highest in Bihar (48%), Uttar Pradesh (46%), Jharkhand (45%), and Meghalaya (44%).
- Only one in five children in Kerala and Goa (20% each) are stunted.
Stunting is the impaired growth and development that children experience from poor nutrition, repeated infection, and inadequate psychosocial stimulation.