National(Indian) Organ Donation Day is annually observed across India on 27th November to recognize the selfless contribution made by deceased donors to healthcare and mankind re-instill our faith in humanity.
The day is observed by National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) under Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India
27th November 2020 marks the 11th National Organ Donation Day.
i.Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, chaired various events organised to celebrate the National Organ Donation Day 2020.
NOTTO organised an event to mark the 11th National Organ Donation Day.
ii.The Central Reserve Police Force(CPRF) has conferred 79572 soldiers as “Angadan warrior”, who have filled the pledge to donate their eyes, skin, lungs, heart, liver, pancreas, kidneys, heart valves and intestines after death.
Efforts to promote Organ Donation:
i.On 14th August 2020, a huge voluntary campaign to create awareness about organ donation among the general public was launched by CRPF in collaboration with All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) New Delhi and Organ Retrieval Banking Organization (ORBO).
ii.The campaign aims to remove the fear of organ donation and create awareness through webinars, seminars and workshops.
iii.The Government has established 5 Regional Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisations (ROTTO) at regional level in Chandigarh, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Guwahati.
iv.In addition to the ROTTOs 12 State Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisations (SOTTO) has also been established in Kerala, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana, Odisha, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab and Jharkhand.
v.The financial support to establish the ROTTOs and SOTTOs is provided by the National Organ Transplant Programme (NOTP).
i.ROTTO West was awarded as the Best ROTTO in India.
ii.For the 6th consecutive year Tamil Nadu SOTTO has been awarded the Best State SOTTO in India with 295 transplants, in which 76 were lung transplants which were performed on people who suffered acute forms of COVID-19.
iii,PGIMER, Chandigarh was judged the “Best Hospital” category for its outstanding contribution towards the promotion of cadaver organ donation.
Performance of Tamil Nadu:
i.Tamil Nadu has harvested 8245 organs from around 1392 donors and distributed them based on seniority.
ii.In 2020, Around 107 liver and 186 renal transplants have been done in Tamil Nadu.
iii.The state has also performed the first bilateral cadaveric hand transplant in the country.
iv.The state has also performed lung transplants on 6 people who were recovered from COVID-19.
v.In Tamil Nadu, the entire process of organ donation has been made online which enables the people to register themselves and provides a donor card.
According to the WHO Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation (GODT) website, India ranks 3rd with 12666 organ transplants in 2019.
About National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO):
Director– Dr. Vasanthi Ramesh
Headquarters– New Delhi